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Issue 11, 2010
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Carbon-doped ZnOnanostructures synthesized using vitamin C for visible light photocatalysis

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Abstract

We report the synthesis of carbon-doped zinc oxide nanostructures using vitamin C, and their visible light photocatalytic activity. Amorphous/crystalline vitamin C–ZnO (VitC–ZnO) structures were obtained from a solution of zinc nitrate hexahydrate, HMT, and vitamin C through heating at 95 °C for 1 h. VitC–ZnO structures were calcined in air at 500 °C for 2 h to create C-doped ZnO nanostructures. Calcined structures were polycrystalline, with an average crystal domain size of 7 nm. EDS, XPS, and XRD analysis revealed the substitution of oxygen with carbon and the formation of Zn–C bonds in the C-doped ZnO nanostructures. The carbon concentrations, in the form of carbide, were controlled by varying the concentrations of vitamin C (more than 1 mM) added to reaction solutions. On the basis of these experimental results, we propose a possible formation mechanism for C-doped ZnO nanostructures. The C-doped ZnO nanostructures exhibited visible light absorption bands that were red-shifted relative to the UV exciton absorption of pure ZnO nanostructures. The visible light (λ ≥ 420 nm) photocatalytic activities of C-doped ZnO nanostructures were much better than the activities of pure ZnO nanostructures.

Graphical abstract: Carbon-doped ZnO nanostructures synthesized using vitamin C for visible light photocatalysis

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
05 Apr 2010
Accepted
01 Jun 2010
First published
27 Jul 2010

CrystEngComm, 2010,12, 3929-3935
Article type
Paper

Carbon-doped ZnO nanostructures synthesized using vitamin C for visible light photocatalysis

S. Cho, J. Jang, J. S. Lee and K. Lee, CrystEngComm, 2010, 12, 3929
DOI: 10.1039/C0CE00063A

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