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Issue 17, 2009
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High anion conductivity in a ternary non-equilibrium phase of BaF2 and CaF2 with mixed cations

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Abstract

A highly conductive ternary fluoride with mixed cations is prepared by joint high-energy ball milling of cubic BaF2 and CaF2 in the ratio 0.4 : 0.6. The sample produced at room temperature consists of a nanocrystalline, defect-rich mixed (Ba,Ca)F2 phase with retained cubic symmetry as well as of single-phase CaF2 particles. The anion conductivity of the mixed phase, which decomposes at higher temperature (770 K) into BaF2 and CaF2, exceeds that of single-phase nanocrystalline BaF2 by two and that of CaF2 by four orders of magnitude. In turn, these conductivities are each greater by about two orders than those of the respective microcrystalline counterparts. Structural features of the samples are characterized by X-ray diffraction, TEM and 19F MAS NMR spectroscopy. Static 19F NMR spectra confirm the unexpectedly high anion conductivity probed by impedance spectroscopy.

Graphical abstract: High anion conductivity in a ternary non-equilibrium phase of BaF2 and CaF2 with mixed cations

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Jan 2009, accepted on 04 Mar 2009 and first published on 19 Mar 2009


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B901293A
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2009,11, 3071-3081
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    High anion conductivity in a ternary non-equilibrium phase of BaF2 and CaF2 with mixed cations

    B. Ruprecht, M. Wilkening, A. Feldhoff, S. Steuernagel and P. Heitjans, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2009, 11, 3071
    DOI: 10.1039/B901293A

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