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Issue 2, 2006
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Selective, reversible, reagentless maltose biosensing with core–shell semiconducting nanoparticles

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Abstract

Reagentless and reversible maltose biosensors are demonstrated using ZnS coated CdSe (CdSe@ZnS) nanoparticle emission intensities. This method is based on electron transfer quenching of unimolecular protein–CdSe@ZnS nanoparticle assemblies, which is provided by a protein-attached RuII complex. This RuII complex is presumed to reduce a valence band hole of the CdSe@ZnS excited state by tunneling through the ZnS overcoating. The RuII complex mediated quenching of CdSe@ZnS nanoparticle emission was only decreased 1.2-fold relative to the CdSe nanoparticle systems. While four different RuII complex attachment sites provided different amounts of nanoparticle emission quenching (1.20 to 1.75-fold decrease), all of these attachment sites yielded maltose-dependent intensity changes (1.1 to 1.4-fold increase upon maltose addition). Maltose dissociation constants for these four biosensing systems range from 250 nM to 1.0 µM, which are similar to the maltose–maltose binding protein dissociation constant that these sensors are based on. The increased fluorescence intensity was found to only occur in the presence of maltose. Furthermore, the ability of these reagentless proteinnanoparticle assemblies to perform maltose biosensing reversibly is demonstrated with the addition of α-glucosidase. Three 50 µM maltose additions after α-glucosidase addition showed increases of 2.2 µM, 600 nM, and 150 nM maltose. This result demonstrates a fluorometric method for examining α-glucosidase activity. Using maltose binding protein to control RuII complex interactions with CdSe@ZnS nanoparticle surfaces provide a novel class of highly fluorescent, photostable biosensors that are selective for maltose.

Graphical abstract: Selective, reversible, reagentless maltose biosensing with core–shell semiconducting nanoparticles

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Aug 2005, accepted on 09 Nov 2005 and first published on 24 Nov 2005


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B511591D
Analyst, 2006,131, 229-235

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    Selective, reversible, reagentless maltose biosensing with core–shell semiconducting nanoparticles

    M. G. Sandros, V. Shete and D. E. Benson, Analyst, 2006, 131, 229
    DOI: 10.1039/B511591D

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