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Issue 5, 2001
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A preconcentration methodology utilizing the cloud point phenomenon is described for the determination of iron, cobalt and nickel by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). The method employs the formation of complexes of the metallic species with ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (APDC), which are subsequently entrapped in the micelles of the surfactant TX-114, upon increase of the solution temperature to 70 °C. The surfactant micelles, after their dilution to an acidified methanolic solution, are delivered to the nebulizer of the FAAS by a flow injection analysis (FIA) manifold, allowing for the reproducible injection of a small volume of the sample. The ability to handle the final texture of the injected solution allows for the single-step determination of these metal ions, in a single sample, without interferences. Analytical curves were rectilinear up to concentrations of 350 µg l−1 for Fe, 200 µg l−1 for Co and 250 µg l−1 for Ni with detection limits of 19, 5 and 11 µg l−1, respectively. The method was applied to the analysis of several real and spiked samples yielding satisfactory results. The recoveries obtained were in the range of 97–103% for spiked samples and 98–99.5% for a Certified Reference Material (CRM).

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Article information

18 Dec 2000
14 Feb 2001
First published
28 Mar 2001

J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2001,16, 521-526
Article type

Single-sample cloud point determination of iron, cobalt and nickel by flow injection analysis flame atomic absorption spectrometry—application to real samples and certified reference materials

D. L. Giokas, E. K. Paleologos, S. M. Tzouwara-Karayanni and M. I. Karayannis, J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2001, 16, 521
DOI: 10.1039/B010055M

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