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Issue 16, 1994
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Highly efficient synthesis of 2,2′-anhydro-1-(3′-bromo-3′-deoxy-5′-O-trityl-β-D-arabinofuranosyl)thymine and its derivatives from an unsaturated thymine nucleoside

Abstract

Reaction of 5′-O-trityl-2′,3′-thymidinene 1 with hypobromous acid gave (5R,6R)-2,2′-anhydro-5-bromo-1-(3′-bromo-3′-deoxy-5′-O-trityl-β-D-arabinofuranosyl)-6-hydroxy-5, 6-dihydrothymine 3a and its (5S,6S)-trans isomer 4a. Similarly, 6-methoxy analogues (3b and 4b) and 6-acetoxy analogues (3c and 4c) of 3a and 4a were synthesized. Compounds 3a and 4a were converted into the corresponding 5,6-epoxy derivatives, 5 and 6. Deoxygenation of oxiranes 5 and 6 with Ph3P gave 2,2′-anhydro-1-(3′-bromo-3′-deoxy-5′-O-trityl-β-D-arabinofuranosyl)thymine 7, which was also obtainable in excellent yields from compounds 3a, b or/and 4a, b by treatment with Ph3PNaHCO3, or directly from unsaturated furanose 1 by one-pot synthesis via methyl ethers 3b and 4b or acetates 3c and 4c. Compound 7 was deprotected to give the mother compound 8 and was also converted into the 2, 3-lyxo epoxy thymine furanosides, 11 and 12, in high yields.

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Article information


J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 1, 1994, 2289-2296
Article type
Paper

Highly efficient synthesis of 2,2′-anhydro-1-(3′-bromo-3′-deoxy-5′-O-trityl-β-D-arabinofuranosyl)thymine and its derivatives from an unsaturated thymine nucleoside

K. Minamoto, M. Oishi, A. Kakehi, N. Ohta, I. Matsuda, K. Watanabe, K. Yanagihara, T. Takeuchi and K. Tanigawa, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 1, 1994, 2289 DOI: 10.1039/P19940002289

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