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Themed collection Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts Recent HOT Articles

23 items
Paper

Effects of room airflow on accurate determination of PUF-PAS sampling rates in the indoor environment

Accurate and precise interpretation of concentrations from polyurethane passive samplers (PUF-PAS) is important as more studies show elevated concentrations of PCBs and other semivolatile air toxics in indoor air of schools and homes.

Graphical abstract: Effects of room airflow on accurate determination of PUF-PAS sampling rates in the indoor environment
Paper

Emerging investigator series: methylmercury speciation and dimethylmercury production in sulfidic solutions

Experimental and computational evidence show that dimethylmercury is produced from decomposition of bis(methylmercury(II)) sulfide.

Graphical abstract: Emerging investigator series: methylmercury speciation and dimethylmercury production in sulfidic solutions
From the themed collection: Emerging Investigator Series
Open Access Paper

Temporal trends of halogenated flame retardants in the atmosphere of the Canadian Great Lakes Basin (2005–2014)

Temporal and spatial trends of total air concentrations (gas + particle) of halogenated flame retardants at the Canadian Great Lakes Basin were assessed (2005–2014).

Graphical abstract: Temporal trends of halogenated flame retardants in the atmosphere of the Canadian Great Lakes Basin (2005–2014)
Paper

Effect of secondary organic aerosol from isoprene-derived hydroxyhydroperoxides on the expression of oxidative stress response genes in human bronchial epithelial cells

Composition of isoprene-derived SOA affects its ability to alter oxidative stress-related gene expression.

Graphical abstract: Effect of secondary organic aerosol from isoprene-derived hydroxyhydroperoxides on the expression of oxidative stress response genes in human bronchial epithelial cells
Paper

Responses of deposition and bioaccumulation in the Great Lakes region to policy and other large-scale drivers of mercury emissions

The effect of policy on fish mercury levels varies spatially, even within the Great Lakes Basin.

Graphical abstract: Responses of deposition and bioaccumulation in the Great Lakes region to policy and other large-scale drivers of mercury emissions
Paper

Is secondary organic aerosol yield governed by kinetic factors rather than equilibrium partitioning?

The concept of differential SOA yield and a consideration of kinetic processes are important when modelling SOA formation under atmospherically relevant conditions.

Graphical abstract: Is secondary organic aerosol yield governed by kinetic factors rather than equilibrium partitioning?
Paper

Passive sampling of DDT, DDE and DDD in sediments: accounting for degradation processes with reaction–diffusion modeling

Applying passive sampling to reactive species may be a way to obtain information about in situ reactivity of compounds in sediments that occur on timescales of days to months.

Graphical abstract: Passive sampling of DDT, DDE and DDD in sediments: accounting for degradation processes with reaction–diffusion modeling
Paper

Evaluating parameter availability for physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in zebrafish

Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models are considered useful tools to describe the absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion of xenobiotics.

Graphical abstract: Evaluating parameter availability for physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in zebrafish
Paper

Calibration and evaluation of PUF-PAS sampling rates across the Global Atmospheric Passive Sampling (GAPS) network

Here we present and evaluate a method to determine PUF-PAS sampling rates (RS), and the effective sampling volume (Veff), for gas-phase chemical compounds deployed anywhere in the world.

Graphical abstract: Calibration and evaluation of PUF-PAS sampling rates across the Global Atmospheric Passive Sampling (GAPS) network
Paper

Standardisation of a European measurement method for organic carbon and elemental carbon in ambient air: results of the field trial campaign and the determination of a measurement uncertainty and working range

A standard method for measurements of organic carbon and elemental carbon has been produced.

Graphical abstract: Standardisation of a European measurement method for organic carbon and elemental carbon in ambient air: results of the field trial campaign and the determination of a measurement uncertainty and working range
Paper

Mechanisms of distinct activated carbon and biochar amendment effects on petroleum vapour biofiltration in soil

We studied the effects of two percent by weight activated carbon versus biochar amendments in 93 cm long sand columns on the biofiltration of petroleum vapours released by a non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) source.

Graphical abstract: Mechanisms of distinct activated carbon and biochar amendment effects on petroleum vapour biofiltration in soil
Paper

Sequestration of Pb–Zn–Sb- and As-bearing incidental nanoparticles by mineral surface coatings and mineralized organic matter in soils

Nanoparticles often play significant roles in dictating the transport, distribution, bioavailability and toxicity of contaminants in the environment.

Graphical abstract: Sequestration of Pb–Zn–Sb- and As-bearing incidental nanoparticles by mineral surface coatings and mineralized organic matter in soils
Paper

A field analysis of lampricide photodegradation in Great Lakes tributaries

Field measurements, laboratory experiments, and kinetic modeling demonstrate that photodegradation of lampricides is limited in Great Lake tributaries.

Graphical abstract: A field analysis of lampricide photodegradation in Great Lakes tributaries
Paper

An oil spill decision matrix in response to surface spills of various bitumen blends

Canada's production, transport, and sale of diluted bitumen (dilbit) products are expected to increase by a million barrels per day over the next decade.

Graphical abstract: An oil spill decision matrix in response to surface spills of various bitumen blends
Paper

Exploring micropollutant biotransformation in three freshwater phytoplankton species

Biotransformation was studied for 24 organic micropollutants in three phytoplankton species, revealing 14 transformation products for 10 compounds.

Graphical abstract: Exploring micropollutant biotransformation in three freshwater phytoplankton species
Paper

Environmental photochemistry of fenamate NSAIDs and their radical intermediates

Photodegradation of five NSAIDs was studied by steady-state and laser-flash photolysis quantifying reaction pathways and kinetics via electron transfer mechanisms.

Graphical abstract: Environmental photochemistry of fenamate NSAIDs and their radical intermediates
Open Access Paper

Arsenic in residential soil and household dust in Cornwall, south west England: potential human exposure and the influence of historical mining

Exposure to arsenic (As) via residential soil and dust is a global concern, in regions affected by mining or with elevated concentrations present in underlying geology.

Graphical abstract: Arsenic in residential soil and household dust in Cornwall, south west England: potential human exposure and the influence of historical mining
Open Access Paper

Aqueous singlet oxygen reaction kinetics of furfuryl alcohol: effect of temperature, pH, and salt content

The rate constant for the reaction between furfuryl alcohol (FFA) and singlet oxygen (1O2) in aqueous solution was measured as a function of temperature, pH and salt content employing both steady-state photolysis (β value determination) and time-resolved singlet oxygen phosphorescence methods.

Graphical abstract: Aqueous singlet oxygen reaction kinetics of furfuryl alcohol: effect of temperature, pH, and salt content
Paper

Eawag-Soil in enviPath: a new resource for exploring regulatory pesticide soil biodegradation pathways and half-life data

Eawag-Soil offers an extensive collection of data on pesticide soil degradation pathways and half-lives for diverse uses, including QSBR development.

Graphical abstract: Eawag-Soil in enviPath: a new resource for exploring regulatory pesticide soil biodegradation pathways and half-life data
Open Access Paper

Oxidation potentials of phenols and anilines: correlation analysis of electrochemical and theoretical values

New experimental and theoretical oxidation potentials for substituted phenols and anilines give improved correlations to kinetic data with manganese oxides.

Graphical abstract: Oxidation potentials of phenols and anilines: correlation analysis of electrochemical and theoretical values
Paper

A computer-based prediction platform for the reaction of ozone with organic compounds in aqueous solution: kinetics and mechanisms

A computer-based prediction platform for predicting kinetics and pathways for the reaction of ozone with micropollutants was developed.

Graphical abstract: A computer-based prediction platform for the reaction of ozone with organic compounds in aqueous solution: kinetics and mechanisms
Paper

Emerging investigator series: a 14-year depositional ice record of perfluoroalkyl substances in the High Arctic

Detection of perfluoroalkyl substances from a remote ice cap indicate the importance of indirect and novel direct atmospheric sources.

Graphical abstract: Emerging investigator series: a 14-year depositional ice record of perfluoroalkyl substances in the High Arctic
From the themed collection: Emerging Investigator Series
Paper

Impact of environmental conditions on bacterial photoreactivation in wastewater effluents

Photoreactivation is a process where ultraviolet (UV)-induced damage to the DNA of microorganisms can be reversed by exposure to near UV and visible light.

Graphical abstract: Impact of environmental conditions on bacterial photoreactivation in wastewater effluents
23 items

About this collection

Here is a collection of recent Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts articles which have been classified as ‘HOT articles’ due to receiving particularly high scores at peer review.

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