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Issue 8, 2018
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Black TiO2-based nanoprobes for T1-weighted MRI-guided photothermal therapy in CD133 high expressed pancreatic cancer stem-like cells

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Abstract

At present, transmembrane glycoprotein CD133 highly expressed pancreatic cancer stem cells (PCSCs), with the features of chemotherapeutic/radiotherapeutic resistance and exclusive tumorigenic potential, are considered as the primary cause of metastasis and recurrence in pancreatic cancer, and therefore are an effective target in the disease treatment. Furthermore, with the launch of precision medicine, multifunctional nanoprobes have been applied as an efficient strategy for the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided photothermal therapy (PTT) of pancreatic cancer. In this research, with the aim of achieving precise MRI-guided PTT in CD133 highly expressed PCSCs, novel bTiO2-Gd-CD133mAb nanoprobes were designed and successfully prepared by loading Gd-DOTA and CD133 monoclonal antibodies on black TiO2 nanoparticles. It was very interesting to find that the r1 relaxivity value of the nanoprobes was 34.394 mM−1 s−1, about 7.5 times that of commercial Magnevist (4.5624 mM−1 s−1), which indicates that the nanoprobes have good potential as MRI T1 contrast agents with excellent performance. Herein, CD133 highly expressed PANC-1 cells were selected and verified as PCSCs model. In vitro experiments demonstrated that the nanoprobes exhibited active-targeting ability in PANC-1 cells, and consequently could specially enhance T1-weighted MR imaging and 808 nm near-infrared (NIR)-triggered PTT efficiency in the PCSCs model. Our study not only provides a new strategy for the effective treatment of pancreatic cancer and its’ stem cells, but also further broadens the application of black TiO2 in the field of cancer theranostics.

Graphical abstract: Black TiO2-based nanoprobes for T1-weighted MRI-guided photothermal therapy in CD133 high expressed pancreatic cancer stem-like cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Apr 2018, accepted on 11 Jun 2018 and first published on 12 Jun 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8BM00454D
Citation: Biomater. Sci., 2018,6, 2209-2218
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    Black TiO2-based nanoprobes for T1-weighted MRI-guided photothermal therapy in CD133 high expressed pancreatic cancer stem-like cells

    S. Wang, W. Ren, J. Wang, Z. Jiang, M. Saeed, L. Zhang, A. Li and A. Wu, Biomater. Sci., 2018, 6, 2209
    DOI: 10.1039/C8BM00454D

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