Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Novel bio-nanocomposite materials for enhanced biodegradability and photocatalytic activity

Author affiliations

Abstract

Novel bio-nanocomposites containing a biodegradable polymer and graphene oxide (Cellulose/Polypyrrole–graphene oxide or C/Ppy–GO) were prepared by chemical in situ polymerization and the materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. The biodegradable polymer was prepared by chemical grafting of polypyrrole (Ppy) onto cellulose chains. The samples showed excellent biodegradability with low toxicity against food borne pathogens and can be used for biomedical applications. The samples also exhibited superior photocatalytic activity and can be used for the mineralization of dyes present in industrial effluents. Fluorescence spectra revealed that incorporation of graphene into the polymer chain supports charge separation and lowering of the charge carrier recombination, which in turn favours the photocatalytic activity of the composite. Moreover, cyclic voltammetry was used to measure the redox properties and the current producing ability of the samples. The studies suggest that electrically conducting, biodegradable and biocompatible bio-nanocomposites can be successfully prepared by chemical in situ polymerization for various applications.

Graphical abstract: Novel bio-nanocomposite materials for enhanced biodegradability and photocatalytic activity

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 17 Mar 2017, accepted on 31 Jul 2017 and first published on 31 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ00842B
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
  •   Request permissions

    Novel bio-nanocomposite materials for enhanced biodegradability and photocatalytic activity

    N. Ahmad, S. Sultana, A. Azam, S. Sabir and M. Z. Khan, New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ00842B

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements