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Chemical, nutritive composition and wide-broad bioactive properties of honey mushroom Armillaria mellea (Vahl: Fr.) Kummer

Abstract

A. mellea fruiting bodies collected from nature were chemically characterized and showed to be rich in carbohydrates (81.25 g/100 g dw), ash, fat and proteins (8.84 g/100 g dw, 1.97 g/100 g dw and 1.81 g/100 g dw, respectively). Mannitol was the main free sugar while malic acid was the most abundant organic acid. -Tocopherol was the dominant form of tocopherols with 42.41 μg/100 g dw. Polyunsaturated fatty acids were predominant, followed by saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids. A methanolic extract prepared from these samples was tested in antioxidant, quorum sensing and antimicrobial assays, as well as for its cytotoxicity effects. The extract showed antimicrobial activity against all tested microorganisms, including Candida albicans. Furthermore, when tested in sub MIC concentration, it showed reduction of virulence factors and biofilm formation against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The extract also exhibited antioxidant activity and did not show toxicity against tumor and non-tumor cells. Due to the observed bioactive properties and compounds of the honey mushroom and its well-balanced nutrients, this mushroom emerges as an interesting functional food and source of nutraceuticals with applications in different diseases based on antioxidant and antimicrobial effects.

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Publication details

The article was received on 15 Jun 2017, accepted on 12 Jul 2017 and first published on 13 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7FO00887B
Citation: Food Funct., 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Chemical, nutritive composition and wide-broad bioactive properties of honey mushroom Armillaria mellea (Vahl: Fr.) Kummer

    M. Kostic, M. Smiljkovic, J. Petrovic, J. Glamocilija, L. Barros, I. C. F. R. Ferreira, A. Ciric and M. Sokovic, Food Funct., 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7FO00887B

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