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Issue 13, 2017
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Hierarchical porous Ni@boehmite/nickel aluminum oxide flakes with enhanced microwave absorption ability

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Abstract

In this article, composites consisting of porous Ni cores coated with boehmite/nickel aluminum oxide nanoflakes were successfully prepared by a versatile method. The crystal constituents and shapes of the boehmite/nickel aluminum oxide nanoflakes were strongly influenced by reaction temperature, and their microwave absorption properties were investigated in terms of complex permittivity and permeability. The results reveal that the composites comprising porous Ni cores coated with boehmite/nickel aluminum oxide synthesized at 180 °C present superior absorption properties. The optimal reflection loss is −44.3 dB (>99.99% attenuation) at 14.4 GHz, and the effective absorption (below −10 dB) bandwidth can be monitored in the frequency range of 5.8–18.0 GHz for an absorber with thickness in the range of 1.5–3.5 mm. The high dissipation capability, good impedance match and multiple reflection of the porous flaky structure are responsible for the improvement in microwave absorption. Moreover, a new absorption mechanism was proposed for the porous structure. In this mechanism, the porous structure serves as a spreading container, which attenuates electromagnetic energy by prolonging the travel path and constrains waves in the void space to gradually consume energy. This method paves a new avenue to design porous magnetic-dielectric absorbing materials.

Graphical abstract: Hierarchical porous Ni@boehmite/nickel aluminum oxide flakes with enhanced microwave absorption ability

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Jan 2017, accepted on 06 Mar 2017 and first published on 06 Mar 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7CP00629B
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017,19, 9128-9136
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    Hierarchical porous Ni@boehmite/nickel aluminum oxide flakes with enhanced microwave absorption ability

    B. Zhao, J. Liu, X. Guo, W. Zhao, L. Liang, C. Ma and R. Zhang, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 9128
    DOI: 10.1039/C7CP00629B

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