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Issue 45, 2016
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Clarifying the preferential occupation of Ga3+ ions in YAG:Ce,Ga nanocrystals with various Ga3+-doping concentrations by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

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Abstract

As candidates for display and lighting optical materials, yttrium aluminum garnet nanophosphors co-doped with Ce3+ and Ga3+ ions (YAG:Ce,Ga) were successfully synthesized via a facile sol–gel method. We used multiple characterization techniques to study the local crystal structure of Ce3+ activators and examine the preferential position of Ga3+ ions in YAG:Ce,Ga nanophosphors. For the first time, solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used to confirm that Ga3+ ions preferentially replaced the octahedral Al3+ ions in a wide Ga3+ concentration range. The replacement caused the expansion of the lattice constant and decreased the local crystal field strength surrounding Ce3+ activators that located in the dodecahedral sites, which were beneficial to the luminescence emission of Ce3+ ions. The YAG:Ce,Ga nanophosphors with excellent photoluminescence properties were obtained by optimizing the calcination temperature (930 °C) and Ga3+-doping concentration (18 at%). The optimized nanophosphors displayed stronger luminescence emission with a desirable blue shift than classic YAG:Ce phosphors, and presented a short fluorescence lifetime of ∼24 ns and a long fluorescence lifetime of ∼85 ns.

Graphical abstract: Clarifying the preferential occupation of Ga3+ ions in YAG:Ce,Ga nanocrystals with various Ga3+-doping concentrations by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Jul 2016, accepted on 17 Oct 2016 and first published on 18 Oct 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6TC02763F
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016,4, 10691-10700
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    Clarifying the preferential occupation of Ga3+ ions in YAG:Ce,Ga nanocrystals with various Ga3+-doping concentrations by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

    X. He, X. Liu, C. You, Y. Zhang, R. Li and R. Yu, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016, 4, 10691
    DOI: 10.1039/C6TC02763F

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