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Issue 31, 2016
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Luminescence thermometry and imaging in the second biological window at high penetration depth with Nd:KGd(WO4)2 nanoparticles

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Abstract

Neodymium-doped monoclinic KGd(WO4)2 nanoparticles were synthesized by the Pechini sol–gel method. Under excitation at 808 nm, the 3 at% Nd:KGd(WO4)2 nanoparticles exhibited strong emission bands at 883 nm and 1067 nm in the near infrared region range, corresponding to the 4F3/24I9/2 and 4F3/24I11/2 transitions of Nd3+, and lying in the first and second biological windows, respectively. Both emissions show promising properties for thermal sensing in this range of wavelengths. In fact, the thermal analysis of these nanoparticles indicated a linear ascent behavior of the fluorescence intensity ratio. The surface of these nanoparticles was functionalized by silanization using 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane as the coupling agent, allowing deagglomeration with particle sizes around 16 nm, which allowed dispersing them in water. In this form they were used for NIR imaging in the second biological window, achieving a penetration depth of 1 cm. Hence these nanoparticles are promising for nanothermometry and imaging applications in the second biological window.

Graphical abstract: Luminescence thermometry and imaging in the second biological window at high penetration depth with Nd:KGd(WO4)2 nanoparticles

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Apr 2016, accepted on 12 Jul 2016 and first published on 13 Jul 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6TC01671E
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016,4, 7397-7405
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    Luminescence thermometry and imaging in the second biological window at high penetration depth with Nd:KGd(WO4)2 nanoparticles

    Ol. Savchuk, J. J. Carvajal, L. G. De la Cruz, P. Haro-González, M. Aguiló and F. Díaz, J. Mater. Chem. C, 2016, 4, 7397
    DOI: 10.1039/C6TC01671E

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