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Issue 10, 2015
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Surface diagnostics of evaporating droplets of nanosphere suspension: Fano interference and surface pressure

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Abstract

The evaporation of a single, levitating microdroplet of glycols containing SiO2 nanospheres, both of similar refraction indices, was studied by observing changes in the interference pattern and intensities of polarized and depolarized scattered laser light. The evolution of the effective radius of the droplet has been found on the basis of Mie scattering theory supplemented by the “electrical weighting” measurement of droplet mass evolution. During formation of a layer of nanospheres on the droplet surface, the asymmetric Fano profile was observed which was found to be due to the destructive and constructive interference of overlapping processes: (i) the scattering on single nanospheres emerging on the droplet surface and (ii) the scattering on ensembles of closely spaced (comparing to the light wavelength) nanospheres of an evolving surface film. Therefore we report the first observation of the Fano interference in the time domain rather than in the spectral domain. The optical surface diagnostics was complemented with the thermodynamics-like analysis in terms of the effective droplet surface pressure isotherm and with numerical simulations illustrating evaporation driven changes in the distribution of nanospheres. The reported study can serve as the basis for a wide range of novel diagnostic methods for studying configuration changes in complex systems of nano- and microparticles evolving at the sub-wavelength scale.

Graphical abstract: Surface diagnostics of evaporating droplets of nanosphere suspension: Fano interference and surface pressure

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Jan 2015, accepted on 30 Jan 2015 and first published on 30 Jan 2015


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CP00013K
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Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015,17, 6881-6888
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    Surface diagnostics of evaporating droplets of nanosphere suspension: Fano interference and surface pressure

    M. Kolwas, K. Kolwas, G. Derkachov and D. Jakubczyk, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2015, 17, 6881
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CP00013K

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