Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 12, 2016
Previous Article Next Article

Exploring photochemistry of p-bromophenylsulfonyl, p-tolylsulfonyl and methylsulfonyl azides by ultrafast UV-pump–IR-probe spectroscopy and computations

Author affiliations

Abstract

The photochemistry of p-bromophenylsulfonyl azide (BsN3), p-tolylsulfonyl azide (TsN3) and methylsulfonyl azide (MsN3) was studied by femtosecond time-resolved infrared spectroscopy with CH2Cl2 and CCl4 as solvents along with quantum chemical calculations. The photolysis of these azides after 267 nm light excitation leads to the population of each respective azide S1 excited state. Decay of the S1 excited state gives rise to singlet nitrene formation. In the case of BsN3, the decay was found to correlate with the formation of a pseudo-Curtius photoproduct (PCP) BrC6H4NSO2. Transient electronic ground states of the three azides on their way to singlet nitrenes and PCPs were shown by locating the corresponding transition states on the potential energy surfaces. The lifetime of singlet 1(BsN) and 1(TsN) nitrenes is τS = ∼20 ps in CH2Cl2 and ∼700 ps in CCl4. Singlet 1(MsN) was not detected. Due to fast intersystem crossing (ISC), singlet nitrenes are converted into the triplet spin isomers lying lower in energy, the formation time constants being equal to the corresponding singlet nitrene lifetime. The formation of 3(MsN) was shown and the formation time constant in CH2Cl2 was found to be τISC = 34 ± 3 ps. Internal conversion of the S1 excited state to the ground state of the azide was low (Φ ≈ 0.15) for BsN3 and TsN3 and was not found in the case of MsN3.

Graphical abstract: Exploring photochemistry of p-bromophenylsulfonyl, p-tolylsulfonyl and methylsulfonyl azides by ultrafast UV-pump–IR-probe spectroscopy and computations

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 10 Dec 2015, accepted on 22 Feb 2016 and first published on 22 Feb 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5CP07636F
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016,18, 8662-8672
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
  •   Request permissions

    Exploring photochemistry of p-bromophenylsulfonyl, p-tolylsulfonyl and methylsulfonyl azides by ultrafast UV-pump–IR-probe spectroscopy and computations

    A. V. Kuzmin, C. Neumann, L. J. G. W. van Wilderen, B. A. Shainyan and J. Bredenbeck, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, 18, 8662
    DOI: 10.1039/C5CP07636F

    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

    Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

    • For reproduction of material from NJC:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
      [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
    • For reproduction of material from PPS:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

    Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements