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Issue 6, 2012
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Multiple forms of selenoprotein P in a candidate human plasma standard reference material

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Abstract

Selenoprotein P (SePP) is a unique selenium-containing protein responsible for the transport and distribution of the essential trace element selenium (Se) through the human body with the concentration of SePP in human blood representing the most useful marker of Se nutritional status. Although SePP has been extensively studied, the structure of SePP in human plasma remains unresolved. Two potential isoforms of SePP have been identified by Western blot analyses distinguished principally by differences in migration (51 kDa and 61 kDa). The biological relevance of the smaller isoform has been called into question by several studies reporting only one major SePP form (69 kDa) suggesting that the shorter 51 kDa is an artifact of protease activity during the SePP purification process. A deficiency of these Western blot analyses is that no information can be gleaned regarding the Se content of the potential isoforms. This study reports a characterization of SePP isoforms in a human plasma Standard Reference Material representative of a healthy US population. Following immunoprecipitation, three SePP isoforms were unequivocally identified at 45 kDa, 49 kDa and 57 kDa (termed as SePP45, SePP49 and SePP57) by LC-MS/MS analyses from a spectral searching approach. Selenium (Se) was detected by gel electrophoresis LA-ICP-MS in SePP49 and SePP57 which was confirmed by the identification of three selenopeptides covering the SePP sequence from residues 312–346 by LC-MS/MS analyses utilizing a sequence searching approach. Conversely, neither Se nor peptides covering SePP sequence from residues 306–346 was identified in SePP45 which suggests that SePP45 is a truncated isoform transcriptionally terminated at the 2nd in-frame UGA codon thereby terminating the protein with the Ser residue at position 299. An additional band at 23 kDa was found to contain Se but no peptides of SePP. Instead, glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPx3) was unequivocally identified within the band presumably being co-immunoprecipitated with the SePP providing preliminary evidence that SePP and GPx3 interaction may take place in vivo.

Graphical abstract: Multiple forms of selenoprotein P in a candidate human plasma standard reference material

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Mar 2012, accepted on 19 Apr 2012 and first published on 20 Apr 2012


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C2MT20059G
Citation: Metallomics, 2012,4, 533-538
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    Multiple forms of selenoprotein P in a candidate human plasma standard reference material

    G. Ballihaut, L. E. Kilpatrick, E. L. Kilpatrick and W. C. Davis, Metallomics, 2012, 4, 533
    DOI: 10.1039/C2MT20059G

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