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Issue 22, 2012
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A microfluidic device with removable packaging for the real time visualisation of intracellular effects of nanosecond electrical pulses on adherent cells

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Abstract

The biological mechanisms induced by the application of nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs: high electrical field amplitude during very short duration) on cells remain partly misunderstood. In this context, there is an increasing need for tools that allow the delivering of such pulses with the possibility to monitor their effects in real-time. Thanks to miniaturization and technology capabilities, microtechnologies offer great potential to address this issue. We report here the design and fabrication of a microfluidic device optimized for the delivery of ultra short (10 ns) and intense (up to 280 kV cm−1) electrical pulses on adherent cells, and the real time monitoring of their intracellular effects. Ultra short electric field pulses (nsPEFs or nanopulses) affect both the cell membrane and the intracellular organelles of the cells. In particular, intracellular release of calcium from the endoplasmic reticulum was detected in real time using the device, after exposure of adherent cells to these nsPEFs. The high intensity and spatial homogeneity of the electric field could be achieved in the device thanks to the miniaturization and the use of thick (25 μm) electroplated electrodes, disposed on a quartz substrate whose transparency allowed real time monitoring of the nsPEFs effects. The proposed biochip is compatible with cell culture glass slides that can be placed on the chip after separate culture of several days prior to exposure. This device allows the easy exposure of almost any kind of attached cells and the monitoring in real time while exposed to nsPEFs, opening large possibilities for potential use of the developed biochips.

Graphical abstract: A microfluidic device with removable packaging for the real time visualisation of intracellular effects of nanosecond electrical pulses on adherent cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Jul 2012, accepted on 05 Sep 2012 and first published on 06 Sep 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2LC40857K
Citation: Lab Chip, 2012,12, 4709-4715
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    A microfluidic device with removable packaging for the real time visualisation of intracellular effects of nanosecond electrical pulses on adherent cells

    C. Dalmay, M. A. De Menorval, O. Français, L. M. Mir and B. Le Pioufle, Lab Chip, 2012, 12, 4709
    DOI: 10.1039/C2LC40857K

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