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Issue 11, 2011
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New insights into ergot alkaloid biosynthesis in Claviceps purpurea: An agroclavine synthase EasG catalyses, via a non-enzymatic adduct with reduced glutathione, the conversion of chanoclavine-I aldehyde to agroclavine

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Abstract

Ergot alkaloids are indole derivatives with diverse structures and biological activities. They are produced by a wide range of fungi with Claviceps purpurea as the most important producer for medical use. Chanoclavine-I aldehyde is proposed as a branch point via festuclavine or pyroclavine to clavine-type alkaloids in Trichocomaceae and via agroclavine to ergoamides and ergopeptines in Clavicipitaceae. Here we report the conversion of chanoclavine-I aldehyde to agroclavine by EasG from Claviceps purpurea, a homologue of the festuclavine synthase FgaFS in Aspergillus fumigatus, in the presence of reduced glutathione and NADPH. EasG comprises 290 amino acids with a molecular mass of about 31.9 kDa. The soluble monomeric His6-EasG was purified after overproduction in E. coli by affinity chromatography and used for enzyme assays. The structure of agroclavine was unequivocally elucidated by NMR and MS analyses.

Graphical abstract: New insights into ergot alkaloid biosynthesis in Claviceps purpurea: An agroclavine synthase EasG catalyses, via a non-enzymatic adduct with reduced glutathione, the conversion of chanoclavine-I aldehyde to agroclavine

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Dec 2010, accepted on 15 Mar 2011 and first published on 16 Mar 2011


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0OB01215G
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2011,9, 4328-4335
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    New insights into ergot alkaloid biosynthesis in Claviceps purpurea: An agroclavine synthase EasG catalyses, via a non-enzymatic adduct with reduced glutathione, the conversion of chanoclavine-I aldehyde to agroclavine

    M. Matuschek, C. Wallwey, X. Xie and S. Li, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2011, 9, 4328
    DOI: 10.1039/C0OB01215G

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