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Issue 7, 2011
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Hierarchical assembly of micro-/nano-building blocks: bio-inspired rigid structural functional materials

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Abstract

The huge diversity of hierarchical micro-/nano-rigid structures existing in biological systems is increasingly becoming a source of inspiration of materials scientists and engineers to create next-generation advanced functional materials. In the past decades, these multiscale hierarchical structures have been intensively investigated to show their contributions to high performance in mechanical properties. Recently, accompanied with the development of nanotechnology, some biologically hierarchical rigid structures have been duplicated and mimicked in artificial materials through hierarchical organization of micro-/nano-building blocks. In this critical review, we will present biological rigid structural models, functional micro-/nano-building blocks, and hierarchical assembly techniques for the manufacture of bio-inspired rigid structural functional materials (177 references).

Graphical abstract: Hierarchical assembly of micro-/nano-building blocks: bio-inspired rigid structural functional materials

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Sep 2010 and first published on 22 Mar 2011


Article type: Critical Review
DOI: 10.1039/C0CS00121J
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2011,40, 3764-3785
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    Hierarchical assembly of micro-/nano-building blocks: bio-inspired rigid structural functional materials

    H. Yao, H. Fang, X. Wang and S. Yu, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2011, 40, 3764
    DOI: 10.1039/C0CS00121J

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