Niga-ichigoside F1 ameliorates high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis in male mice by Nrf2 activation†
Hepatic lipid accumulation and oxidative stress (OS) lead to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Thus, we hypothesized that antihyperlipidemic and antioxidant activities of niga-ichigoside F1 (NI) would ameliorate events leading to NAFLD. Lanbuzheng (Geum japonicum Thunb. var. chinense), a type of wild vegetable found in Southwest China, was used to extract NI. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a standard diet (Con) or a high-fat diet (HFD) (denoted as diet) with or without 40 mg kg−1 NI (defined as treatment) for 12 weeks. Diet-treatment interactions were observed in the final body weight, fat pad mass, respiratory exchange ratio (RER) in the daytime, and energy expenditure during the whole day. Moreover, NI alleviated hepatic steatosis, possibly by significantly interacting with HFD to regulate lipid metabolism genes (including Srebp1c, Acc1, Fasn, Scd1, Cpt1a and Fabp5). We also found significant diet-treatment interactions on superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (CAT) activities, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) levels, as well as the nuclear and cellular Nrf2 protein levels. Significant free fatty acid (FFA)-treatment interactions on Nrf2 nuclear translocation, antioxidant enzymes activities, genes in lipogenesis (Srebp1c, Acc1, Fasn, and Scd1), and fatty acid oxidation (Pparα) and transport (Fabp5 and Cd36) were also detected in 1 mM FFA-treated HepG2 cells with or without 20 μM NI. These beneficial effects of NI on oxidative stress and lipid accumulation were abolished by Nrf2 siRNA. Our data revealed that dietary NI could prevent HFD-induced hepatic steatosis, possibly via interacting with HFD to activate Nrf2 nuclear translocation to maintain a redox status, thus regulating lipid metabolism genes expressions.