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Issue 3, 2013
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A mechanistic study on the Hooker oxidation: synthesis of novel indanecarboxylic acid derivatives from lapachol

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Abstract

The Hooker oxidation is one of the most intriguing transformations wherein lapachol (1) is readily converted to norlapachol (2) in very good yield. This one-pot reaction involves a very intricate mechanism in which the alkyl side chain of lapachol is shortened by one carbon unit. Previous studies have unequivocally established the involvement of an indane carboxylic acid derivative 3, as a key intermediate (Hooker intermediate), and its simultaneous conversion to norlapachol (2) via the oxidative cleavage of vicinol diol and subsequent intramolecular aldol reaction of the resulting keto acid. However, the formation of the key Hooker intermediate 3 from lapachol (1) remains ambiguous. The present study has thrown some light on the formation of the key intermediate 3 from lapachol (1) via benzilic acid rearrangement of the corresponding labile o-diquinone intermediate 8 derived from lapachol. The involvement of o-diquinone intermediate 8 in the Hooker oxidation has been further established by trapping of this labile intermediate as the corresponding phenazine derivative 9. The involvement of benzilic acid rearrangement as a key step in the Hooker oxidation is further shown with a variety of o-quinones prepared from lapachol (1).

Graphical abstract: A mechanistic study on the Hooker oxidation: synthesis of novel indane carboxylic acid derivatives from lapachol

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 sep. 2012, accepted on 07 nóv. 2012 and first published on 07 nóv. 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2OB26737C
Org. Biomol. Chem., 2013,11, 459-468

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    A mechanistic study on the Hooker oxidation: synthesis of novel indane carboxylic acid derivatives from lapachol

    K. O. Eyong, M. Puppala, P. S. Kumar, M. Lamshöft, G. N. Folefoc, M. Spiteller and S. Baskaran, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2013, 11, 459
    DOI: 10.1039/C2OB26737C

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