Recent advances toward environment-friendly photodetectors based on lead-free metal halide perovskites and perovskite derivatives
Recently, metal-halide perovskites have emerged as promising materials for photodetector (PD) applications owing to their superior optoelectronic properties, such as ambipolar charge transport characteristics, high carrier mobility, and so on. In the past few years, rapid progress in lead-based perovskite PDs has been witnessed. However, the critical environmental instability and lead-toxicity seriously hinder their further applications and commercialization. Therefore, searching for environmentally stable and lead-free halide perovskites (LFHPs) to address the above hurdles is certainly a worthwhile subject. In this review, we present a comprehensive overview of currently explored LFHPs with an emphasis on their crystal structures, optoelectronic properties, synthesis and modification methods, as well as the PD applications. LFHPs are classified into four categories according to the replacement strategies of Pb2+, including AB(II)X3, A3B(III)2X9, A2B(I)B(III)′X6, and newly-emerging perovskite derivatives. Then, we give a demonstration of the preliminary achievements and limitations in environment-friendly PDs based on such LFHPs and perovskite derivatives, and also discuss their applications in biological synapses, imaging, and X-ray detection. With the perspective of their properties and current challenges, we provide an outlook for future directions in this rapidly evolving field to achieve high-quality LFHPs and perovskite derivatives for a broader range of fundamental research and practical applications.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Recent Review Articles