Rational design and resolution of the mystery of the structure of Cyclocarbon
A solid-state carbon allotrope cyclocarbon has been isolated at cryogenic temperatures, and its bonding structure revealed.
Direct ink writing advances in multi-material structures for a sustainable future
Direct Ink Writing (DIW) potential in developing multi-material structures.
The fox and the hound: in-depth and in-grain Na doping and Ga grading in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells
Highly efficient chalcopyrite photovoltaic cells display complex distributions of sodium dopant and gallium: how are these distributions related to each other?
Challenges and opportunities in the bottom-up mechanochemical synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles
This review covers the fundamentals and recent developments on the mechanochemical synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles.
Controlled colloidal metal nanoparticles and nanoclusters: recent applications as cocatalysts for improving photocatalytic water-splitting activity
This review introduces the importance of controlled colloidal NPs/NCs in research on water-splitting photocatalysis by summarizing the existing research.
Polymeric carbon nitrides and related metal-free materials for energy and environmental applications
Carbon nitrides have emerged as a new class of functional materials for a wide range of energy and environmental applications due to their chemical, photophysical and catalytic properties as well as their low-price, facile synthesis and stability.
Review of high entropy ceramics: design, synthesis, structure and properties
Design models, synthesis methods, atomic scale structure characterization, properties and applications of high entropy ceramics are reviewed.
Organic electrode materials with solid-state battery technology
Organic electrode materials are promising next-generation battery materials. Combining them with a solid-state electrolyte, and fabricating the materials using atomic/molecular layer deposition provides us a unique platform to study the interactions.
A review of nanostructured non-titania photocatalysts and hole scavenging agents for CO2 photoreduction processes
Non-titania photocatalysts, including metal sulphides, oxides, oxynitrides and nitrides, have been deployed as the photocatalyst for CO2 photoreduction since last century. The nanostructured non-titania photocatalysts and the introduction of hole scavenging agents into the CO2 photoreduction system have revealed some key characteristics to stimulate the conversion of CO2 to hydrocarbons.
Nanocatalysis by noble metal nanoparticles: controlled synthesis for the optimization and understanding of activities
This review discusses the importance of physical/chemical control in metallic NPs for the optimization and understanding of catalytic performances.
Nanofibrillated cellulose composites and wood derived scaffolds for functional materials
We compare functional NFC composites and wood derived scaffolds regarding mechanical performance, electric and magnetic properties as well as oil/water separation and heavy metal remediation.
Metal-based nanostructured materials for advanced lithium–sulfur batteries
This review spotlights the recent progress to enhance the electrochemical performance of Li–S batteries by using nanostructured metal-based materials.
A bright outlook on organic photoelectrochemical cells for water splitting
A review on organic photoelectrochemical water splitting cells giving perspective on promising device architectures and materials.
A review of magnesiothermic reduction of silica to porous silicon for lithium-ion battery applications and beyond
We reviewed magnesiothermic reduction of silica – a scalable route to porous silicon for battery electrodes – and identify the topics for future research.
Metal–organic framework nanosheets (MONs): a new dimension in materials chemistry
Metal–organic framework nanosheets (MONs) are emerging as a novel class of two-dimensional materials. Here we critically review the distinct set of design principles, synthetic approaches, characterisation techniques and applications associated with this exciting new class of materials.
Realising the environmental benefits of metal–organic frameworks: recent advances in microwave synthesis
Review detailing the use of microwave technology for the synthesis and scale-up of metal–organic frameworks.
Defect chemistry and electrical properties of sodium bismuth titanate perovskite
We review the diversity of the electrical behaviour of NBT induced by various defect mechanisms, including A-site Na or Bi non-stoichiometry, isovalent-substitution, and acceptor- and donor-doping.
Graphene and graphene-like materials in biomass conversion: paving the way to the future
In this review we identify the key factors for the successful design of catalysts based on graphene derivatives for biomass conversion and suggest our perspective for the development of this field.
Materials chemistry approaches to the control of the optical features of perovskite solar cells
This work presents a comprehensive revision of the different options developed under the materials chemistry umbrella to control the optical properties of ABX3 solar cells and to endow them with additional functionalities.
Nanostructured anode materials for lithium-ion batteries: principle, recent progress and future perspectives
Recent progress in nanostructured carbon, alloys, transition metal oxides and silicon as anode materials for LIBs has been reviewed.
Recent progress in nanostructured silver sulfide: from synthesis and nonstoichiometry to properties
This review is focused on recent progress in the synthesis and design of different forms of nanostructured silver sulfide from nanopowders to colloidal solutions, quantum dots and heteronanostructures.
Tailoring pores in graphene-based materials: from generation to applications
Combining the merits from both porous material and graphene, porous graphene-based materials have received significant attention due to their unique porous structures, large surface areas and prominent electrical conductivity.
Nanocellulose-based foams and aerogels: processing, properties, and applications
This review summarizes the main processing routes and significant properties of nanocellulose-based foams and aerogels.
Multiscale-structuring of polyvinylidene fluoride for energy harvesting: the impact of molecular-, micro- and macro-structure
Energy harvesting exploits ambient sources of energy such as mechanical loads, vibrations, human motion, waste heat, light or chemical sources and converts them into useful electrical energy.
A review on special wettability textiles: theoretical models, fabrication technologies and multifunctional applications
In this review, we have briefly summarized the fundamental theoretical models and characterization methods of textile surfaces with special wettability, various fabrication technologies and potential applications.
Characterization of mechanical degradation in an all-solid-state battery cathode
In this work, we visualize and quantify the microstructure evolution in the composite electrode after solid-state battery (SSB) cycling. The observed severe mechanical degradation highlights the importance of mechanical considerations in SSB design.
Pyrochlore nanocrystals as versatile quasi-single-source precursors to lithium conducting garnets
Doped pyrochlore nanocrystal reagents enable new routes to low temperature reactions and dense Li garnet ceramics.
Long-range exciton diffusion in non-fullerene acceptors and coarse bulk heterojunctions enable highly efficient organic photovoltaics
Time-resolved photoluminescence measurements provide an accurate estimate of the three-dimensional exciton diffusion length in three ITICs based non-fullerene acceptors (NFAs).
Synthesis of high-performance polycrystalline metal–organic framework membranes at room temperature in a few minutes
Our method hinders the Ostwald ripening of polycrystalline MOF film during the solvothermal synthesis, allowing the growth of high-quality MOF films in just 8 min at room temperature.
“Nano-garden cultivation” for electrocatalysis: controlled synthesis of Nature-inspired hierarchical nanostructures
The rational coupling of hydrothermal and electrodeposition approaches enables controlled synthesis of various CoP Nature-inspired nanostructures with distinct electrocatalytic performance.
A flexible semitransparent photovoltaic supercapacitor based on water-processed MXene electrodes
MXene based all-solution processed semitransparent flexible photovoltaic supercapacitor was fabricated by integrating the flexible organic photovoltaic with MXene as the electrode and transparent MXene supercapacitors in the vertical direction.
Oxygen vacancy engineering in spinel-structured nanosheet wrapped hollow polyhedra for electrochemical nitrogen fixation under ambient conditions
Electrochemical nitrogen-to-ammonia conversion under ambient conditions is realized by an oxygen vacancy-rich spinel structured materials, showing relatively high faradaic efficiency and yields.
Unparalleled mitigation of membrane degradation in fuel cells via a counter-intuitive approach: suppression of H2O2 production at the hydrogen anode using a Ptskin–PtCo catalyst
PtCo/CHT anode catalyst showed a large suppression of H2O2 generation, by ≥50% in comparison with commercial Pt/CB at practical potentials for H2 oxidation, resulting in greatly enhanced durability of the fuel cell by mitigating membrane degradation.
Dispersible porous classical polymer photocatalysts for visible light-mediated production of pharmaceutically relevant compounds in multiple solvents
Porous classical polymer photocatalyst produced by RAFT mediated PISA, easily dispersible in a broad range of solvents for drug synthesis.
Fundamental nanoscale surface strategies for robustly controlling heterogeneous nucleation of calcium carbonate
Stable ultrathin polymer films synthesized via initiated chemical vapor deposition enable robust control of heterogeneous nucleation of CaCO3 on metal heat transfer surfaces at high temperatures.
Layered metal vanadates with different interlayer cations for high-rate Na-ion storage
The relationship between the interlayer metal ions and the Na-ion storage performance of layered metal vanadates is systematically explored.
Acidic liquid-swollen polymer membranes exhibiting anhydrous proton conductivity higher than 100 mS cm−1 at around 100 °C
Anhydrous proton-conductive membranes are prepared by swelling cross-linked flexible basic polymers with a large amount of H2SO4via ionic interaction.
Demonstration of an azobenzene derivative based solar thermal energy storage system
Molecules capable of reversible storage of solar energy have recently attracted increasing interest. Here, a liquid azobenzene molecule has been studied for solar thermal energy storage applications and integrated into flow-chemistry devices.
In situ fabricated nickel vanadate/N-doped reduced graphene oxide hybrid as an advanced electrocatalyst in alkaline hydrogen evolution reaction
Uniform distribution of Ni3V2O8 nanoparticles over N-doped RGO in a hybrid nanostructure demonstrates efficient and durable electrocatalytic alkaline hydrogen evolution activity with a low overpotential (η10) of 43 mV.
Photovoltaic properties of a triple cation methylammonium/formamidinium/phenylethylammonium tin iodide perovskite
Solar cells based on the novel triple cation tin perovskite MA0.75FA0.15PEA0.1SnI3 exhibit PCEs of 5.0% and notably good stability over more than 5000 hours.
Emulsion polymerization derived organic photocatalysts for improved light-driven hydrogen evolution
Here, we present the use of mini-emulsion polymerization to generate small particle analogues of three insoluble conjugated polymers for highly efficient photocatalytic hydrogen production.
Cryo-TEM and electron tomography reveal leaching-induced pore formation in ZSM-5 zeolite
Leaching-induced pore formation in ZSM-5 zeolites from pristine via mesoporous to hollow zeolites is studied by cryo-TEM and electron tomography.
Organic heterojunction photocathodes for optimized photoelectrochemical hydrogen peroxide production
This work demonstrates that high performance and stable photocathodes for H2O2 evolution can be easily fabricated from semiconductive organic pigments.
Visualizing the morphological and compositional evolution of the interface of InLi-anode|thio-LISION electrolyte in an all-solid-state Li–S cell by in operando synchrotron X-ray tomography and energy dispersive diffraction
The interfacial evolution in ASSLSB is reported.
Highly sensitive and selective SO2 MOF sensor: the integration of MFM-300 MOF as a sensitive layer on a capacitive interdigitated electrode
This work reports on the fabrication of an advanced capacitive sensor based on a MFM-300 (In) MOF for the detection of SO2 at room temperature. The sensor revealed remarkable SO2 sensitivity down to 75 ppb with excellent stability and selectivity to other common gases/vapors.
Gaudefroyite: a mineral with excellent magnetocaloric effect suitable for liquefying hydrogen
A natural mineral, gaudefroyite, displays excellent low temperature magnetocaloric properties that are suitable for liquefying hydrogen.
A solar actuator based on hydrogen-bonded azopolymers for electricity generation
A solar actuator is fabricated by incorporating sunlight-responsive azobenzene into agarose and the sunlight-induced motion is utilized for electricity generation.
Radiation-induced grafting of a butyl-spacer styrenic monomer onto ETFE: the synthesis of the most alkali stable radiation-grafted anion-exchange membrane to date
Adding a butyl spacer between the benzene and N-methylpyrrolidinium group led to double the ex situ alkaline stability compared to use of a methylene spacer.
Understanding the stability of mixed A-cation lead iodide perovskites
Thin films of the mixed A-cation phase MA1−xFAxPbI3 have been shown experimentally and computationally to have greater kinetic and thermodynamic stability towards decomposition.
Optimisation of oxide-ion conductivity in acceptor-doped Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 perovskite: approaching the limit?
σ b of NBT is optimised by acceptor-doping, which is restrained by oxygen-vacancy diffusivity limit in perovskites.
Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-tosylate (PEDOT-Tos) electrodes in thermogalvanic cells
The interest in thermogalvanic cells (TGCs) has grown because it is a candidate technology for harvesting electricity from natural and waste heat. The polymer electrode PEDOT is investigated as potential material to replace Pt electrode in TGCs. The power of the TGC increases with thickness and PEDOT provides an efficient electron transfer to Fe(CN)63−.
Electrodeposited films to MOF-derived electrochemical energy storage electrodes: a concept of simplified additive-free electrode processing for self-standing, ready-to-use materials
Already electrically contacted metal oxide/carbon materials for supercapacitor electrodes are derived from electrodeposited cobalt– or manganese–organic films on current collectors.
Constructing semiconductive crystalline microporous materials by Coulomb interactions
A new strategy has been demonstrated to construct conducting microporous crystalline materials, where inorganic components and organic molecules pack with each other through long distance Coulomb interactions. The two compounds show typical semiconductive properties, relatively high thermal stability, interesting selective adsorption and electrical response to methanol and ethanol.
Design of hyperporous graphene networks and their application in solid-amine based carbon capture systems
We demonstrate a simple and fully scalable method for obtaining hierarchical hyperporous graphene networks, of ultrahigh pore volumes (>6 cm3 g−1) by thermal exfoliation, and achieve an efficient solid-amine system for CO2 capture under true flue-gas conditions.
A CaCO3/nanocellulose-based bioinspired nacre-like material
The controlled wettability of liquid calcium carbonate precursors on nanocellulose yields a nacre-like material with plasticity outperforming a biological example.
Advancing the n → π* electron transition of carbon nitride nanotubes for H2 photosynthesis
Carbon nitride nanotubes with enhanced optical absorption and advanced charge carrier behavior stimulate photocatalytic hydrogen production.
High performance carbon-based printed perovskite solar cells with humidity assisted thermal treatment
We report humidity assisted thermal exposure (HTE) as a post-treatment method for carbon based printed perovskite solar cells (CPSCs).
Interstitial boron-doped anatase TiO2 thin-films on optical fibres: atmospheric pressure-plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition as the key for functional oxide coatings on temperature-sensitive substrates
Synthesis of boron-doped anatase TiO2 thin films on temperature-sensitive polymeric optical fibres by AP-PECVD.
Carbon nitride nanosheets as visible light photocatalytic initiators and crosslinkers for hydrogels with thermoresponsive turbidity
Carbon nitride nanosheets act as visible light photocatalytic initiators and crosslinkers for hydrogel formation with thermoresponsive turbidity.
Selective blocking of grain boundary defects in high-flux zeolite membranes by coking
Commercial application of zeolite membranes has been hindered by the challenge of preparing defect-free membranes. We have developed a facile but effective method based on mild coking that is able to selectively block defects in high-permeance zeolite membranes. The developed method also has a high practical value as it can be easily adapted for repairing membranes already mounted in the module.
Reversible hydrogen storage in yttrium aluminum hydride
Reversible hydrogen storage has been found in transition metal alanates, Y(AlH4)3, for the first time. 3.4 wt% H2 can be released at 140 °C from the first dehydrogenation step, and 75% is reversible at 145 °C and 100 bar H2, which is promising for low-temperature applications.
Long term stability of air processed inkjet infiltrated carbon-based printed perovskite solar cells under intense ultra-violet light soaking
The long term stability of air processed inkjet infiltrated carbon based perovskite solar cells (CPSCs) is investigated under intense ultra-violet light soaking equivalent to 1.5 Sun UV light illumination.
A fixed-bed photoreactor using conjugated nanoporous polymer-coated glass fibers for visible light-promoted continuous photoredox reactions
Here, we report on a fixed-bed photoreactor containing conjugated nanoporous polymer-coated glass fibers for visible light-promoted, heterogeneous photoredox reactions in a continuous flow system.
Improving the activity and stability of Ir catalysts for PEM electrolyzer anodes by SnO2:Sb aerogel supports: does V addition play an active role in electrocatalysis?
Aerogel is introduced as an OER catalyst substrate for PEM electrolyzer and shows superior activity.
Inspired by the “tip effect”: a novel structural design strategy for the cathode in advanced lithium–sulfur batteries
Inspired by the “tip effect”, hollow cupric oxide spheres can be used as an effective host for Li–S batteries.
A facile strategy towards a highly accessible and hydrostable MOF-phase within hybrid polyHIPEs through in situ metal-oxide recrystallization
HKUST-1(Cu) and MOF-5(Zn)@polyHIPE hybrid materials were prepared using a metal salt-free technique, wherein metal–organic frameworks were in situ generated from the CuO- and ZnO-nanoparticles through secondary recrystallization.
Strong reinforcement effects in 2D cellulose nanofibril–graphene oxide (CNF–GO) nanocomposites due to GO-induced CNF ordering
Nanocomposites from native cellulose with low 2D nanoplatelet content are of interest as sustainable materials combining functional and structural performance.
Efficient Kr/Xe separation from triangular g-C3N4 nanopores, a simulation study
Poly(triazine imide) or PTI is a promising material for separation of 85Kr/Xe mixture, thanks to its atom-thick nanoporous structure hosting triangular-shaped nanopores of ∼0.34 nm diameter.
Design and development of 3D hierarchical ultra-microporous CO2-sieving carbon architectures for potential flow-through CO2 capture at typical practical flue gas temperatures
A category of 3D hierarchical CO2-sieving carbon architectures has been developed for CO2 capture at realistic flue gas temperatures and low CO2 partial pressure, with CO2 capacities reaching up to 2.30 mmol g−1 at 40 °C and 1.90 mmol g−1 at 70 °C.
3D printing the next generation of enhanced solid oxide fuel and electrolysis cells
Improving of SOCs performance by 3D printing are proved, increasing the active area by high-aspect ratio structuration of their components.
About this collection
This collection contains recent Open Access articles published by Journal of Materials Chemistry A, the home for high impact applications, properties and synthesis of exciting new materials for energy and sustainability. New articles will be added to this webpage as soon as possible after publication.