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Themed collection 2017 Perspective articles collection

19 items
Perspective

Ultraviolet radiation-induced immunosuppression and its relevance for skin carcinogenesis

Major steps in the pathway leading to the increased risk of skin cancer by the immunosuppression induced by UVR exposure.

Graphical abstract: Ultraviolet radiation-induced immunosuppression and its relevance for skin carcinogenesis
Perspective

2-Phenylbenzoxazole derivatives: a family of robust emitters of solid-state fluorescence

In addition to thermal, chemical and photochemical stability, the 2-phenylbenzoxazole fragment exhibits attractive emission properties in the solid state, thus leading to highly photoluminescent materials and sensors.

Graphical abstract: 2-Phenylbenzoxazole derivatives: a family of robust emitters of solid-state fluorescence
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

The photochemistry and photobiology of vitamin B12

This Perspective provides the first detailed overview of the photoresponse of vitamin B12 and its derivatives, from the early, photophysical events to the burgeoning area of B12-dependent photobiology.

Graphical abstract: The photochemistry and photobiology of vitamin B12
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

Sunlight exposure is just one of the factors which influence vitamin D status

Studies on the determinants of vitamin D status have tended to concentrate on input – exposure to ultraviolet B radiation and the limited sources in food.

Graphical abstract: Sunlight exposure is just one of the factors which influence vitamin D status
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

The role of UV radiation and vitamin D in the seasonality and outcomes of infectious disease

Individual components of solar radiation, UVA, UVB and heat generation, are linked to their downstream immune functions, inducing vitamin D production, demonstrating a great degree of overlap between various components.

Graphical abstract: The role of UV radiation and vitamin D in the seasonality and outcomes of infectious disease
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

Challenge and perspective: the relevance of ultraviolet (UV) radiation and the vitamin D endocrine system (VDES) for psoriasis and other inflammatory skin diseases

Focussing on the UV induced cutaneous synthesis of vitamin D, this review gives an update on the relevance of the VDES and of UV radiation for the management of psoriasis and other inflammatory skin diseases.

Graphical abstract: Challenge and perspective: the relevance of ultraviolet (UV) radiation and the vitamin D endocrine system (VDES) for psoriasis and other inflammatory skin diseases
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

ASTHMA – comparing the impact of vitamin D versus UVR on clinical and immune parameters

Asthma is estimated to affect more than 300 million individuals worldwide. Vitamin D is increasingly believed to beneficially influence asthma incidence and control, likely due to effects on innate and adaptive immunity. The primary mechanism for increasing vitamin D in the body is via UVB radiation of skin, however whether UVB has comparable effects to vitamin D on relevant immune mechanisms and asthma is unclear.

Graphical abstract: ASTHMA – comparing the impact of vitamin D versus UVR on clinical and immune parameters
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

The health benefits of UV radiation exposure through vitamin D production or non-vitamin D pathways. Blood pressure and cardiovascular disease

UV photoreduces nitrogen oxides sequestered in the skin. The resulting NO moves to the systemic circulation where it vasodilates and lowers BP.

Graphical abstract: The health benefits of UV radiation exposure through vitamin D production or non-vitamin D pathways. Blood pressure and cardiovascular disease
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

Ultraviolet radiation, vitamin D and the development of obesity, metabolic syndrome and type-2 diabetes

Obesity prevalence is increasing around the world; however, the causes are not known. Here, we discuss moderate sun exposure as a potential modifier of obesity and metabolic dysfunction, with a focus on sun-induced mediators such as vitamin D and nitric oxide.

Graphical abstract: Ultraviolet radiation, vitamin D and the development of obesity, metabolic syndrome and type-2 diabetes
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

The relationship between sun exposure and all-cause mortality

Women with low sun exposure are at a dose-dependently increased risk of all-cause mortality, mainly due to an increased risk of death from cardiovascular or noncancer/noncardiovascular disease compared higher exposure.

Graphical abstract: The relationship between sun exposure and all-cause mortality
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Open Access Perspective

Are low sun exposure and/or vitamin D risk factors for type 1 diabetes?

Ultraviolet radiation and vitamin D, with their known immunosuppressive effects, have the potential to delay or inhibit type 1 diabetes.

Graphical abstract: Are low sun exposure and/or vitamin D risk factors for type 1 diabetes?
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

A short history of phototherapy, vitamin D and skin disease

The earliest record between sun exposure and skin disease goes back five millennia to the ancient Egyptians. Cod liver oil was a folk remedy prior to 1789 and with the observation that sunlight prevented the “appearance of mycelial fungi” in 1877 the modern era commenced with the treatment of cutaneous Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Graphical abstract: A short history of phototherapy, vitamin D and skin disease
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

UVB radiation, vitamin D and multiple sclerosis

Acheson et al. (1960) observed an inverse relationship between sunlight exposure and the incidence of Multiple Sclerosis (MS).

Graphical abstract: UVB radiation, vitamin D and multiple sclerosis
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

Does sunlight protect us from cancer?

The Ultraviolet (UV) radiation contained in sunlight is a powerful mutagen and immune suppressant which partly explains why exposure to solar UV is the biggest risk factor for the development of cutaneous tumours.

Graphical abstract: Does sunlight protect us from cancer?
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

Time outdoors, blood vitamin D status and myopia: a review

Myopia is a major public health concern throughout the world but whether vitamin D played a role in myopia development remains unknown.

Graphical abstract: Time outdoors, blood vitamin D status and myopia: a review
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

Lung development

Recent equivocal results in high profile randomised controlled trials suggest that the impact of vitamin D deficiency on lung development is complex. In this narrative review we summarise our current understanding of the link between UV exposure, vitamin D and lung development.

Graphical abstract: Lung development
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Open Access Perspective

UVR: sun, lamps, pigmentation and vitamin D

Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) has important and significant consequences on human health.

Graphical abstract: UVR: sun, lamps, pigmentation and vitamin D
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

The role of UVR and vitamin D on T cells and inflammatory bowel disease

Vitamin D/UVR effects on T cells that are important in the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

Graphical abstract: The role of UVR and vitamin D on T cells and inflammatory bowel disease
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
Perspective

Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: Progress report, 2016

After entering Earth's atmosphere, solar UV radiation is selectively attenuated by a variety of gaseous, particulate, and dissolved compounds. These include ozone and smoke in the atmosphere, and dissolved organic carbon in both inland waters and marine ecosystems.

Graphical abstract: Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: Progress report, 2016
From the themed collection: 2017 Perspective articles collection
19 items

About this collection

This web collection contains Perspective articles that Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences has published in 2017.

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