Dielectric films for high performance capacitive energy storage: multiscale engineering
This minireview summarizes the very recent advances in energy-storage dielectric films in the framework of engineering at multiple scales.
Correlative cathodoluminescence electron microscopy bioimaging: towards single protein labelling with ultrastructural context
We discuss the opportunities and challenges of correlative cathodoluminescence electron microscopy for biomedical applications.
Isothermal titration calorimetry as a complementary method for investigating nanoparticle–protein interactions
Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) is a complementary technique that can be used for investigations of protein adsorption on nanomaterials, as it quantifies the thermodynamic parameters of intermolecular interactions in situ.
Towards fast-charging technologies in Li+/Na+ storage: from the perspectives of pseudocapacitive materials and non-aqueous hybrid capacitors
Pseudocapacitive materials and non-aqueous hybrid capacitors represent promising strategies to realize fast-charging technologies. This minireview provides fundamentals and recent developments of these two growing research fields.
Graphitic carbon nitride-based nanocomposites and their biological applications: a review
Graphitic carbon nitrides present the finest energy gap and catalysis function and can be applied for biosensing, bioimaging, and therapy.
Blue perovskite light-emitting diodes: progress, challenges and future directions
We report on the progress, challenges and future directions of blue perovskite light-emitting diodes to facilitate their further development.
Photodynamic therapy in 3D cancer models and the utilisation of nanodelivery systems
Testing Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) using nanoparticles on cells embedded in a 3-dimensional scaffold.
Leveraging synthetic particles for communication: from passive to active systems
Recent progress in the use of passive and active particles to build artificial communication is highlighted.
Molecular gold strings: aurophilicity, luminescence and structure–property correlations
Different external stimuli can affect the molecular structure of molecular gold strings, influencing their physical properties.
Recent progress in hybrid perovskite solar cells through scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy
The contribution of STM techniques is unique in analyzing the topography and opto-electronic properties of the unknown materials.
Atomic-level separation of thiolate-protected metal clusters
This review summarizes previous studies on high-resolution separation of Aun(SR)m clusters for better understanding the utility of each separation technique.
Mechanisms of mechanical reinforcement by graphene and carbon nanotubes in polymer nanocomposites
This in-depth review deals with the subject of how mechanical reinforcement takes place in polymer nanocomposites containing graphene and carbon nanotubes and offers guidelines for the maximization of the performance of such systems.
Probing the frictional properties of soft materials at the nanoscale
A knowledge gap exists in understanding nanoscale friction in soft–soft contacts with modulus <100 MPa, relevant to most biological interfaces.
High-performance sodium-ion batteries with a hard carbon anode: transition from the half-cell to full-cell perspective
SIB with hard carbon anode is getting competitive vs. LIB, but one needs to be careful in assessing capacity and cycle life with conventional half-cell tests. New guidelines are provided for half-cell and full-cell tests and understanding the results.
Sensing of circulating cancer biomarkers with metal nanoparticles
In this comprehensive review, we summarize the current progress on metal nanoparticle-based analytical methods for the sensing of circulating cancer biomarkers, including cfDNA, ctDNA, miRNAs, CTCs and exosomes.
Surface coatings for solid-state nanopores
Nanopores enable the characterization of single biomolecules; to interrogate these molecules without artifacts from wall interactions, nanopore coatings are required.
Two-dimensional layered materials: from mechanical and coupling properties towards applications in electronics
With the increasing interest in nanodevices based on two-dimensional layered materials (2DLMs) after the birth of graphene, the mechanical and coupling properties of these materials, which play an important role in determining the performance and life of nanodevices, have drawn increasingly more attention.
Structural nanotechnology: three-dimensional cryo-EM and its use in the development of nanoplatforms for in vitro catalysis
Three-dimensional cryo-EM analysis of protein-based nanoreactors to improve in vitro catalysis.
Metal enhanced fluorescence biosensing: from ultra-violet towards second near-infrared window
To increase disease survival rates, there is a vital need for diagnosis at very preliminary stages.
Occupational exposure to graphene based nanomaterials: risk assessment
The most significant routes associated with occupational exposure to graphene-based materials (GBMs) are the inhalation, cutaneous, ocular and oral ones. The manuscript presents a review of the in vivo toxicity data of GBMs after these exposure routes.
Characterization techniques for nanoparticles: comparison and complementarity upon studying nanoparticle properties
Combined and carefully selected use of experimental techniques – understanding nanoparticle properties and optimizing performance in applications.
An in situ and real time study of the formation of CdSe NCs
In situ studies are crucial to demonstrate that magic-size clusters are always intermediates in the formation of regular NCs.
Supramolecular nanomotors with “pH taxis” for active drug delivery in the tumor microenvironment
Supramolecular architecture-based truly “pH taxis” exhibiting nanomotors are fabricated by in-situ grown CaCO3 particles, which can sense the endogenously present pH gradient in HeLa cells making them suitable for targeted drug delivery applications.
On the identification of twinning in body-centred cubic nanoparticles
This Communication describes diagnostic approaches to identify BCC twinning based on shape as well as electron microscopy and diffraction signatures.
Quantitative mechanics of 3D printed nanopillars interacting with bacterial cells
For the first time, we applied a novel AFM technique to study the interaction between EBID nanopillars and bacteria.
Supramolecular assembly of DNA-constructed vesicles
The self-assembly of DNA hybrids with tetraphenylethylene sticky ends into vesicular architectures is demonstrated.
Spatially resolved thermoelectric effects in operando semiconductor–metal nanowire heterostructures
The thermoelectric properties of a nanoscale germanium segment connected by aluminium nanowires are studied using scanning thermal microscopy.
Carbon supported noble metal nanoparticles as efficient catalysts for electrochemical water splitting
Due to an increasing requirement of clean and sustainable hydrogen energy economy, it is significant to develop new highly effective catalysts for electrochemical water splitting.
3D electrohydrodynamic printing and characterisation of highly conductive gold nanowalls
Electrohydrodynamically printed high-aspect-ratio gold nanowalls with resistivities down to 2.5× of bulk gold.
Adaptable DNA interactions regulate surface triggered self assembly
Exploiting DNA-mediated multivalent interactions, we demonstrate the selective triggering of colloidal self-assembly in the presence of a functional surface.
Elucidating the mechanism of the surface functionalization dependent neurotoxicity of graphene family nanomaterials
Differentially functionalized graphene caused different neurotoxicities. G-COOH, G-OH, and RGO induced more severe acute toxicity than G-NH2, while G-NH2 caused more persistent toxicity and more disturbance of the cellular metabolism.
Homogeneous nanodiscs of native membranes formed by stilbene–maleic-acid copolymers
Methylstilbene-alt-maleic acid copolymers spontaneously convert biological membranes into bilayer discs with ∼20 nm diameters.
Nitric oxide-dependent biodegradation of graphene oxide reduces inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract
Graphene oxide (GO) undergoes nitric oxide (NO)-dependent degradation leading to reduced infiltration of polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) in the GI tract.
Selective magnetometry of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in liquids
A new photon-in/photon-out magnetic probe empowers an in situ estimation of size distribution and atomic structure of iron oxide nanoparticles in suspension.
Size-dependent electron transfer from atomically defined nanographenes to metal oxide nanoparticles
We analyze for the first time size-dependent electron transfer from atomically precise nanographenes to a mesoporous oxide electrode.
Tuning trion binding energy and oscillator strength in a laterally finite 2D system: CdSe nanoplatelets as a model system for trion properties
We show that CdSe nanoplatelets are a model system to investigate the tunability of trions and excitons in laterally finite 2D semiconductors.
Scalable growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes with a highly uniform structure
Structure-controlled growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes by floating catalyst CVD.
Transition from Schottky to Ohmic contacts in Janus MoSSe/germanene heterostructures
We propose an effective route to high performance MoSSe electronic devices.
Direct 3D printing of graphene using capillary suspensions
3D printed graphene with capillary suspensions require lower concentrations of additives to produce high conductivity constructs.
Vertically-oriented MoS2 nanosheets for nonlinear optical devices
We demonstrate a novel strategy for large-area fabrication of vertical MoS2 exhibiting enhanced non-linear optical signal for applications in photonics.
Photon induced quantum yield regeneration of cap-exchanged CdSe/CdS quantum rods for ratiometric biosensing and cellular imaging
A new photon activation method is developed to regenerate CdSe/CdS quantum rod fluorescence for biosensing and imaging applications.
Surface functionalization of gold nanoclusters with arginine: a trade-off between microtumor uptake and radiotherapy enhancement
Gold nanoclusters (AuNC) have strong potential for cancer imaging and therapy. We demonstrate that optimizing the surface chemistry of AuNCs for increased tumor uptake can significantly affect its potential to augment radiotherapy outcomes.
Protein-directed crystalline 2D fullerene assemblies
Repeat proteins with engineered tyrosine clamps enhance the innate properties of fullerenes in water soluble hybrid 2D crystalline materials with long range molecular order and photo-generated charge carrier capacity.
Dual-peptide functionalized acetalated dextran-based nanoparticles for sequential targeting of macrophages during myocardial infarction
Fabrication of a dual-peptide functionalized acetalated dextran based nanosystem able to exploit macrophage recruitment occurring during myocardial infarction.
2D MoS2 nanosheets on 1D anodic TiO2 nanotube layers: an efficient co-catalyst for liquid and gas phase photocatalysis
A novel 1D nanotubular TiO2/MoS2 nanosheet heterostructure possesses synergistic effects that yield superior photon-to-electron conversion and photocatalysis.
Surface state tunable energy and mass renormalization from homothetic quantum dot arrays
The surface electronic structure is engineered by means of metal–organic networks. We show that on top of electron confinement phenomena, the energy of the state can be controlled via the adatom coordination density.
Thermal conductivity suppression in GaAs–AlAs core–shell nanowire arrays
Semiconductor nanowire heterostructures have been shown to provide appealing properties for optoelectronics and solid-state energy harvesting by thermoelectrics.
Antibody-targeting of ultra-small nanoparticles enhances imaging sensitivity and enables longitudinal tracking of multiple myeloma
Monitoring malignant progression and disease recurrence post-therapy are central challenges to improving the outcomes of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).
Large-area, lithography-free, narrow-band and highly directional thermal emitter
In this work, the authors propose and experimentally demonstrate a large-area long-wavelength infrared thermal emitter, which is spectrally selective, highly directional, and easily fabricated.
Strength of bacterial adhesion on nanostructured surfaces quantified by substrate morphometry
Bacterial adhesion to nanostructured surfaces can be quantified by surface morphometry: the surface area that is accessible in a certain depth for tethering cell wall molecules equals the fraction of adhesion force as compared to a smooth surface.
A facile synthetic approach to nanostructured Li2S cathodes for rechargeable solid-state Li–S batteries
We report a facile and scalable microwave approach to directly synthesize nanostructured Li2S which presents an ideal architecture for the construction of free-standing cathodes for all-solid-state Li–S batteries.
Functionalization and patterning of nanocellulose films by surface-bound nanoparticles of hydrolyzable tannins and multivalent metal ions
Functionalization and patterning of nanocellulose with tannin–metal ion complexes.
Proteoliposomes as energy transferring nanomaterials: enhancing the spectral range of light-harvesting proteins using lipid-linked chromophores
Self-assembled proteoliposomes allow highly efficient energy transfer from the spectrally-complementary chromophore Texas Red to the plant light-harvesting protein LHCII, increasing the effective absorption range of this bio-hybrid system.
Outer–inner dual reinforced micro/nano hierarchical scaffolds for promoting osteogenesis
A biomimetic outer–inner dual reinforced micro/nano hierarchical scaffold was built by combining interfacial ionic bond interaction for bone reconstruction.
Fabrication of ultrathin nanocellulose shells on tough microparticles via an emulsion-templated colloidal assembly: towards versatile carrier materials
Ultrathin nanocellulose shells are constructed on the surface of polymer microparticles by an emulsion-templated self-assembly. The shell renders the microparticles biocompatible and highly dispersible in water with molecular recognition properties.
Ionizable amino lipid interactions with POPC: implications for lipid nanoparticle function
The distribution of ionizable amino lipids (KC2) is critical in structure of lipid nanoparticles, siRNA entrapment and endosomal release. Neutral KC2 segregates from phospholipids (POPC) and forms an oily core in the bilayer interior.
Light-induced reversible hydrophobization of cationic gold nanoparticles via electrostatic adsorption of a photoacid
Photo-switching between the zwitterionic and anionic forms of a photoacid allows reversible hydrophobization and assembly of cationic gold nanoparticles.
Cross-conjugation increases the conductance of meta-connected fluorenones
In meta-connected fluorenones, the carbonyl group almost negates the effects of destructive quantum interference, compared with corresponding meta-connected fluorenes.
Anisotropic buckling of few-layer black phosphorus
The strongly anisotropic crystal structure of bP yields anisotropic buckling upon compressive strain, analysis of which can be used to determine its Young's modulus.
Probing the interaction of nanoparticles with small molecules in real time via quartz crystal microbalance monitoring
We report on a novel screening route to obtain quantitative measures for nanoparticle binding affinities to target analytes.
Exchange coupling in a frustrated trimetric molecular magnet reversed by a 1D nano-confinement
Single-molecule magnets exhibit magnetic ordering due to exchange coupling between localized spin components that makes them primary candidates as nanometric spintronic elements.
Fully inkjet printed ultrathin microsupercapacitors based on graphene electrodes and a nano-graphene oxide electrolyte
Ultrathin all-solid-state microsupercapacitors with graphene electrodes and a graphene oxide electrolyte are fabricated entirely by inkjet printing.
InSe: a two-dimensional semiconductor with superior flexibility
The Young's modulus of thin InSe flakes was determined experimentally to be 23 GPa, one of the lowest values reported to date for a crystalline two-dimensional material.
Electric field interference and bimodal particle translocation in nano-integrated multipores
Parallel integration of multiple channels is a fundamental strategy for high-throughput particle detection in solid-state nanopores wherein understanding and control of crosstalk is an important issue for the post resistive pulse analysis.
A sub 20 nm metal-conjugated molecule junction acting as a nitrogen dioxide sensor
A 20 nm gas sensor based on short chain organic molecules detects 55 ppb concentration of NO2.
Supramolecular chirality and crystallization from biocatalytic self-assembly in lipidic cubic mesophases
Kinetically controlled supramolecular chirality was achieved by biocatalytic self-assembly in Lipidic cubic mesophases (LCMs). During aging, thermodynamically stable organic crystals are formed.
Gate-tuned conductance of graphene-ribbon junctions with nanoscale width variations
On applying partial gate voltages, we were able to perceive precise and minute conductance variations for the entire graphene electrode, arising mainly from different sub-micrometer scale widths of the graphene ribbons (GRs), which could not be distinguished using conventional global gating methods.
Mechanochemical synthesis of N-doped porous carbon at room temperature
One-pot mechanochemical synthesis of N-doped porous carbons at room temperature using a planetary ball mill.
Nanoassemblies of ultrasmall clusters with remarkable activity in carbon dioxide conversion into C1 fuels
Cu nanoassemblies formed transiently from cluster tetramer building blocks during reaction turn over CO2 to methanol and hydrocarbons with leap in activity.
Universal 1/f type current noise of Ag filaments in redox-based memristive nanojunctions
We demonstrate the universal 1/f type current noise in Ag based, nanofilamentary resistive switches which arises from internal resistance fluctuations.
About this collection
This collection contains recent Open Access articles published by Nanoscale. New articles will be added to this webpage as soon as possible after publication.