Multifunctional nanozymes: enzyme-like catalytic activity combined with magnetism and surface plasmon resonance
Combining the intrinsic enzyme-mimicking properties of nanomaterials with their unique characteristics enables the design of multifunctional nanozymes for new biomedical applications and beyond.
Novel properties and applications of carbon nanodots
Overview of the optical properties and versatile applications of carbon dots.
Review on nanoscale Bi-based photocatalysts
Recent studies on nanoscale Bi-based photocatalysts including component adjustment, morphology control, heterojunction construction and surface modification are reviewed.
Rational design of materials interface at nanoscale towards intelligent oil–water separation
Oil–water separation is critical for the water treatment of oily wastewater or oil-spill accidents. In this review, we present the state-of-the-art developments in the rational design of materials at the nanoscale with special wettability for separation of immiscible/emulsified oil–water mixtures.
Group 6 transition metal dichalcogenide nanomaterials: synthesis, applications and future perspectives
Looking at the science and production methods of group 6 transition metal dichalcogenide (MoS2, WSe2, etc.) nanomaterials from the viewpoint of technological applications.
2D transition metal dichalcogenide nanosheets for photo/thermo-based tumor imaging and therapy
TMD nanosheets exhibit promising applications for both photo/thermo-based tumor bioimaging and therapy.
A location- and sharpness-specific tactile electronic skin based on staircase-like nanowire patches
A new stretchable tactile electronic skin sensor that could sense touch, location and sharpness is presented.
A tumor treatment strategy based on biodegradable BSA@ZIF-8 for simultaneously ablating tumors and inhibiting infection
Biodegradable BSA@ZIF-8 can treat cancer by tumor microwave ablation, while simultaneously inhibiting bacteria and resisting infection.
Au3Cu tetrapod nanocrystals: highly efficient and metabolizable multimodality imaging-guided NIR-II photothermal agents
Au3Cu tetrapod nanocrystals were synthesized. After surface modification, the obtained monodisperse Au3Cu@PEG-Cy5,FA showed great potential as a fluorescence imaging and MSOT imaging-guided photothermal agent in the NIR-II region, which could be metabolized in vitro after treatment.
Separating and enhancing the green and red emissions of NaYF4:Yb3+/Er3+ by sandwiching them into photonic crystals with different bandgaps
Rational control of the multiple emission outputs and achieving single-band and strong luminescence of Ln3+ doped upconversion nanoparticles is highly desirable for their applications in sensor and display fields.
High-temperature driven inter-valley carrier transfer and significant fluorescence enhancement in multilayer WS2
A high-temperature driven carrier transfer process of multilayer WS2 is proposed and demonstrated for significant fluorescence emission enhancement.
Activating basal plane in NiFe layered double hydroxide by Mn2+ doping for efficient and durable oxygen evolution reaction
Reducing Mn2+ ions were doped to tailor the electronic structure of Ni and Fe sites in NiFe-layered double hydroxides.
Percolation in networks of 1-dimensional objects: comparison between Monte Carlo simulations and experimental observations
This work directly compares the percolation threshold of silver nanowire networks to predictions from Monte Carlo simulations, focusing particularly on incorporating the impact of real world imperfections. This SEM image of silver nanowire networks compared to MATLAB simulation based on the physical characteristics of the sample.
Zinc oxide–black phosphorus composites for ultrasensitive nitrogen dioxide sensing
ZnO–BP composites exhibit high sensitivity, fast response behavior, outstanding selectivity, and ultralow detection limit towards nitrogen dioxide due the large surface area, excellent carrier mobility, and enhanced charge transfer of ZnO–BP in the presence of BP. Moreover, the introduction of ZnO significantly enhances BP environmental stability.
None of us is the same as all of us: resolving the heterogeneity of extracellular vesicles using single-vesicle, nanoscale characterization with resonance enhanced atomic force microscope infrared spectroscopy (AFM-IR)
An innovative high-resolution nano-bio-spectroscopy approach to identify nanoscale differences in the structural composition of individual stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles.
pH-Triggered self-assembly and hydrogelation of cyclic peptide nanotubes confined in water micro-droplets
The controlled one-dimensional supramolecular polymerization of synthetic building blocks in confined spaces constitutes a key challenge to simplify the understanding of the fundamental physical principles behind the behavior of more complex encapsulated polymer networks.
Understanding charge transfer and recombination by interface engineering for improving the efficiency of PbS quantum dot solar cells
In Mg-doped ZnO/PbS QDHSCs, a spike structure is formed between the QDs and the “electron acceptor”, which improved charge collection efficiency.
Improving analyte selectivity by post-assembly modification of metal–organic framework based photonic crystal sensors
The porous nature and tailorable host–guest interactions of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), cast into a 1D photonic crystal architecture, provide a versatile platform for specific and selective sorption, which can be exploited for chemo-optical sensing.
Graphdiyne: a superior carbon additive to boost the activity of water oxidation catalysts
Graphdiyne with a highly π-conjugated structure of sp- and sp2-hybridized carbon networks serves as a superior carbon additive to boost the activity of water oxidation catalysts.
Nanoscale membrane architecture of healthy and pathological red blood cells
Red blood cells present a complex cell plasma membrane architecture with submicrometric organization leading to nanomechanical heterogeneities.
MBene (MnB): a new type of 2D metallic ferromagnet with high Curie temperature
Inspired by 3D MAB, we propose a new concept of 2D MBenes, among which MnB metal exhibits stable ferromagnetism (FM) and high Curie temperature.
Growth of high-quality covalent organic framework nanosheets at the interface of two miscible organic solvents
A facile approach for growth of COF nanosheets at the interface of two miscible organic solvents is designed and employed.
Chemical induced fragmentation of MOFs for highly efficient Ni-based hydrogen evolution catalysts
NH3 induces chemical fragmentation of the ligands in MOFs below their carbonization temperature and effectively removes the ligands.
Size dependent surface reconstruction in detonation nanodiamonds
Sub 3 nm diamond particles show size- and shape-dependent surface reconstructions, which have significant impact to their functionality and performance.
Sliced graphene foam films for dual-functional wearable strain sensors and switches
We report dual-functional wearable strain sensors and switches with tunable sensitivities and switching capabilities for wearable wireless health monitoring.
Nematic structuring of transparent and multifunctional nanocellulose papers
Nematic structuring of nanocellulose fibers is proposed as a strategy for exploiting the full potential of the multifunctional transparent papers of nanocellulose.
About this collection
Showcasing some of the most popular articles published in Nanoscale Horizons during 2018. We hope you enjoy reading them!