Twenty-five years of polymersomes: lost in translation?
In this minireview, we discuss the progress of polymersome formulations towards clinical translation and highlight key opportunities and challenges.
Towards a classification strategy for complex nanostructures
The range of possible nanostructures is so large and continuously growing, that collating and unifying the knowledge connected to them, including their biological activity, is a major challenge.
Materials science based on synthetic polysaccharides
Automated Glycan Assembly produces well-defined oligosaccharides for detailed structural characterization. These glycans can assemble into supramolecular materials with different morphologies.
Physical magnification of objects
For hundreds of years, scientists have magnified images of objects to reveal their detailed composition and structure. Now, scientists are beginning to physically magnify objects themselves.
Advances in design engineering and merits of electron transporting layers in perovskite solar cells
The electron transport layer plays an essential part for high-performing perovskite solar cells, on which successful extraction of charges from light harvester and the transfer to the electrode are critically dependent.
Lignin-based smart materials: a roadmap to processing and synthesis for current and future applications
Lignin-based smart materials are emerging into advanced material applications as stimuli-responsive actuators, sensors, controlled release systems, and more.
The damaging effects of the acidity in PEDOT:PSS on semiconductor device performance and solutions based on non-acidic alternatives
Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate), PEDOT:PSS, has been widely used as an effective hole transporting material in many different organic semiconductor devices for well over a decade.
Erbium complexes as pioneers for implementing linear light-upconversion in molecules
Trivalent erbium, Er3+, with its 4f11 electronic configuration, was the first lanthanide cation for which linear upconversion could be induced in a molecular complex. The reasons for this success and its perspectives are discussed in this review.
About the amplification factors in organic bioelectronic sensors
A systematic comparison between electrochemical and organic bioelectronic sensors reveals a unified rational description for a transistor amplified detection.
Graphitic carbon nitride and polymers: a mutual combination for advanced properties
The present review highlights the combination of graphitic carbon nitride and polymers for materials with outstanding properties.
It's a trap! On the nature of localised states and charge trapping in lead halide perovskites
The recent surge of scientific interest for lead halide perovskite semiconductors and optoelectronic devices has seen a mix of materials science sub-fields converge on the same “magical” crystal structure.
Designing conjugated porous polymers for visible light-driven photocatalytic chemical transformations
A review on the recent developments in controlling the structural, photophysical and electronic properties of conjugated porous polymer (CPP) photocatalysts is presented.
Advances in designs and mechanisms of semiconducting metal oxide nanostructures for high-precision gas sensors operated at room temperature
A comprehensive review on designs and mechanisms of semiconducting metal oxides with various nanostructures for room-temperature gas sensor applications.
The progress and prospects of non-fullerene acceptors in ternary blend organic solar cells
This review summarizes the advantages of non-fullerene acceptors and their applications in ternary blend organic solar cells.
Giant magnetoelectric effect in perpendicularly magnetized Pt/Co/Ta ultrathin films on a ferroelectric substrate
We demonstrate a giant magnetoelectric effect in perpendicularly magnetized Pt/Co/Ta ultrathin films on a ferroelectric substrate.
Monitoring supported lipid bilayers with n-type organic electrochemical transistors
An n-type, accumulation mode, microscale organic electrochemical transistor monitors the activity of a pore-forming protein integrated into a lipid bilayer.
Self-stratification of amphiphilic Janus particles at coating surfaces
Durable hydrophobic coatings are created by adding amphiphilic Janus particles to binder polymers through the unique self-stratification behaviours, which offer a novel and cost-effective solution to challenges in waterborne emulsion coatings.
Cost-effective materials discovery: Bayesian optimization across multiple information sources
Multi-information source Bayesian optimization and how it can be used to capture relevant information from cheap approximations to accelerate research in the materials sciences.
Local manipulation of metamagnetism by strain nanopatterning
Our work demonstrates the local enhancement of antiferromagnetic phase stability in FeRh films by strain nanopatterning.
Graphene oxide nanosheets modulate spinal glutamatergic transmission and modify locomotor behaviour in an in vivo zebrafish model
The article reports that graphene oxide nanosheets (s-GO), by interfering with synapses, have the potential to be used as behavioural modulators.
Finally, inkjet-printed metal halide perovskite LEDs – utilizing seed crystal templating of salty PEDOT:PSS
Light-emitting diodes with an inkjet-printed active layer based on MAPbBr3 perovskite are produced for the first time.
Biogenic fluorescent protein–silk fibroin phosphors for high performing light-emitting diodes
This work presents a new family of bio-hybrid light-emitting diodes (Bio-HLEDs) using all-bio color down-converting coatings that combine silk fibroin (SF) as a packaging matrix and fluorescent proteins (FPs) as emitters.
Temperature dependence of the spectral line-width of charge-transfer state emission in organic solar cells; static vs. dynamic disorder
The origin of line-widths of electro-luminescent charge-transfer states in photovoltaic blends is evaluated and discussed in terms of vibrational theory.
Ice recrystallisation inhibiting polymer nano-objects via saline-tolerant polymerisation-induced self-assembly
Saline-tolerant PISA synthesis is developed, to generate poly(vinyl alcohol) based nanoparticles, which are potent ice recrystallisation inhibitors.
Optical microresonator arrays of fluorescence-switchable diarylethenes with unreplicable spectral fingerprints
Photochromic microresonator arrays with whispering gallery mode fingerprints are successfully prepared, which function as high-security optical authentication microdevices.
Strong size selectivity in the self-assembly of rounded nanocubes into 3D mesocrystals
Depth-resolved structural analysis reveals strong size selectivity of self-assembled iron oxide nanoparticles.
Molecular-scale thermoelectricity: a worst-case scenario
Molecules with silent orbitals deliver high thermoelectric performance.
Reconfigurable all-dielectric Fano metasurfaces for strong full-space intensity modulation of visible light
We demonstrated strong full-space modulation of visible intensities based on Fano resonances in all-dielectric VO2 metasurface gratings.
Key role of the meniscus shape in crystallization of organic semiconductors during meniscus-guided coating
The crystallization and film formation of organic semiconductors are controlled by the meniscus shape during meniscus guided coating for field-effect transistors.
Superfast and controllable microfluidic inking of anti-inflammatory melanin-like nanoparticles inspired by cephalopods
We report a microfluidic approach for superfast melanin-like nanoparticle preparation with tunable size and monodispersity.
Fast chemical force microscopy demonstrates that glycopeptidolipids define nanodomains of varying hydrophobicity on mycobacteria
We use chemical force microscopy with high spatiotemporal resolution to study the nanoscale distribution of hydrophobicity on living mycobacterial cells.
A nature-inspired protective coating on soft/wet biomaterials for SEM by aerobic oxidation of polyphenols
We introduce a nature-inspired coating for SEM imaging of hydrated soft biomaterials by aerobic oxidation of polyphenols.
Preferred orientations of organic cations at lead-halide perovskite interfaces revealed using vibrational sum-frequency spectroscopy
Using vibrational sum frequency generation (VSFG) spectroscopy, we investigate the behaviour of organic cations at the surface of a series of multilayer lead halide perovskite systems, finding that the behaviour of the organic cations changes dramatically close to the interface.
Metal assisted chemical etching of silicon in the gas phase: a nanofabrication platform for X-ray optics
Gas-MacEtch of Si with a Pt catalyst allows vertical etching nanostructures with an extreme aspect ratio up to 10 000 : 1.
3D texturing of the air–water interface by biomimetic self-assembly
The air–water interface can be textured according to the same self-assembly packing criteria that determine the wealth of 3D structures found in micellar and other amphiphilic meso-phases.
Beyond graphene oxide: laser engineering functionalized graphene for flexible electronics
We show a novel concept for the design of graphene-based materials via diazonium-mediated functionalization and subsequent laser treatment for flexible electronics.
Understanding and designing one-dimensional assemblies of ligand-protected metal nanoclusters
This study demonstrates that controlling intra-cluster ligand interactions is important to obtain an assembled structure with the desired connecting structures.
Interface limited hole extraction from methylammonium lead iodide films
A new method is proposed to determine charge diffusion coefficient and transfer velocity to extraction layers. Hole diffusion coefficient in MAPbI3 is constant between 1016 – 1017 cm−3, a hallmark of band transport but overall extraction is interface limited.
A versatile biomaterial ink platform for the melt electrowriting of chemically-crosslinked hydrogels
Click-crosslinked microperiodic hydrogels scaffolds from polymer melts: soft but surprisingly robust.
A simple yet effective AIE-based fluorescent nano-thermometer for temperature mapping in living cells using fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy
A novel nano-thermometer composed of butter and AIE molecules can be used for intracellular temperature mapping using fluorescence lifetime imaging.
Safer-by-design biocides made of tri-thiol bridged silver nanoparticle assemblies
A tri-thiol bio-inspired ligand triggers thiol-mediated silver nanoparticle assemblies. This novel nanomaterial delivers an amount of Ag(I) sufficient for biocidal activity but no release of AgNPs that makes it a safer solution for future applications.
The surface hybridization of diamond with vertical graphene: a new route to diamond electronics
Herein a method is proposed for engineering the electronic properties of diamond via surface hybridization with graphene.
When nanocellulose meets diffraction grating: freestanding photonic paper with programmable optical coupling
Bio-inspired chiral nematic cellulose films with periodic surface grating structures exhibit optically programmable photonic–photonic coupling.
Multiple morphologies and functionality of nanowires made from earth-abundant zinc phosphide
Semiconductors made of earth-abundant elements, such as zinc phosphide, have the potential to substitute less abundant, highly functional compound semiconductors such as InAs or InP.
Biomacromolecular charge chirality detected using chiral plasmonic nanostructures
The charge distributions of solvent exposed surfaces of complex biomolecules such has proteins are unique fingerprints.
Resonant doping for high mobility transparent conductors: the case of Mo-doped In2O3
Superior transparent conducting properties of indium oxide realised by molybdenum donors resonant in the conduction band, avoiding detrimental effects of tin doping.
The role of traps in the photocurrent generation mechanism in thin InSe photodetectors
Due to the excellent electrical transport properties and optoelectronic performance, thin indium selenide (InSe) has recently attracted attention in the field of 2D semiconducting materials.
Selective deposition of silver and copper films by condensation coefficient modulation
Patterning evaporated silver and copper films without metal removal using extremely thin printed organofluorine films to modulate metal vapour condensation.
Customizing H3Sb3P2O14 nanosheet sensors by reversible vapor-phase amine intercalation
Reversible post-synthetic modification of H3Sb3P2O14 nanosheet-based thin films by applying a facile two-step amine intercalation over the vapor phase.
Growth of 2H stacked WSe2 bilayers on sapphire
Bilayer WSe2 nuclei were initially grown along the atomic steps of a sapphire substrate, resembling a “graphoepitaxial mechanism” and gradually formed into overlapped 2H stacked WSe2 bilayers.
Bright and fast scintillation of organolead perovskite MAPbBr3 at low temperatures
Scintillators detect ionising radiation by converting energy deposited in them to a proportional number of photons. They are omnipresent in large-scale technical applications around us. Here, we report excellent scintillation properties of perovskites at low temperatures providing the potential for a new generation of cryogenic scintillators. One intriguing option would be replacing current medical scintillation detectors with cryogenic perovskites that could achieve higher imaging resolutions, for example for diagnosing early-stage brain cancer.
Molecular spectroscopy in a solid-state device
The quantification of the electronic transport energy gap of a molecular semiconductor is essential for pursuing any challenge in molecular optoelectronics.
Negative piezoelectric effect in an organic supramolecular ferroelectric
A pronounced and tunable negative piezoelectric effect in a family of organic small-molecular ferroelectrics is demonstrated and explained.
Reprogramming of cancer invasiveness and macrophage education via a nanostructured antagonist of the TGFβ receptor
An interactome network analysis reveals functional intervention of TGFβ signaling by nanodiamonds, which diminishes cancer metastasis, tumor-associated macrophage recruitment and M2 macrophage polarization.
Vanadyl phthalocyanines on graphene/SiC(0001): toward a hybrid architecture for molecular spin qubits
VOPc maintains an “oxygen-up” orientation and its spin on graphene is S = 1/2: this is an interesting system for qubit applications.
Measuring optical activity in the far-field from a racemic nanomaterial: diffraction spectroscopy from plasmonic nanogratings
Photograph of the experimental setup with light diffracting from a racemic nanoarray. The diffracted spectra change depending on the direction of circularly polarized illumination.
Ultrafast rotational motions of supported nanoclusters probed by electron diffraction
Femtosecond electron diffraction is established as goniometer of ultrafast nanocrystal rotations.
Niobium oxide dihalides NbOX2: a new family of two-dimensional van der Waals layered materials with intrinsic ferroelectricity and antiferroelectricity
A new group of two-dimensional layered materials with intrinsic ferroelectricity and antiferroelectricity are identified through first-principles calculations.
Magnetically driven piezoelectric soft microswimmers for neuron-like cell delivery and neuronal differentiation
Wireless piezoelectric microrobots are biomedical devices with a potential use in high-precision minimally invasive therapies.
Ultrahigh hydrogen-sorbing palladium metallic-glass nanostructures
The hydrogenation mechanism in a Pd–Si–Cu metallic glass nanofilm, and its post-characterization by chronoamperometry/cyclic voltammetry and HR(S)TEM analyses.
Ultra-programmable buckling-driven soft cellular mechanisms
We harnessed buckling which was once considered the epitome of design failure to develop mechanical metamaterials for soft robotic applications.
Bioinspired interface design modulates pathogen and immunocyte responses in biomaterial-centered infection combination therapy
Biologically inspired biomaterial interface design can regulate the behaviors of pathogens and immunocytes for “infection combination therapy”.
Reversely toposelective vapor deposition at normal pressure and temperature by capillary condensation
Nanotopography was utilized to coat previously hardest-to-reach surfaces and to bypass issues related to traditional vapor deposition methods.
Green light lithography: a general strategy to create active protein and cell micropatterns
Micropatterns of functional protein are important in biotechnology and research.
Nanoscale antiadhesion properties of sophorolipid-coated surfaces against pathogenic bacteria
By means of single-cell force nanoscopy we show that sophorolipid biosurfactants feature unusually strong antiadhesion properties against nosocomial pathogens involved in catheter-related infections.
Hole delocalization as a driving force for charge pair dissociation in organic photovoltaics
Hole polaron delocalization on polymer chains helps charge separation by lowering the free energy of the spatially separated charge pair.
MOFs have demonstrated outstanding properties for the protection and controlled release of different bio-entities, from proteins to living cells.
Enhanced electrochemical biosensor and supercapacitor with 3D porous architectured graphene via salt impregnated inkjet maskless lithography
Advances in solution-phase graphene patterning has provided a facile route for rapid, low-cost and scalable manufacturing of electrochemical devices, even on flexible substrates.
Nanocellulose films with multiple functional nanoparticles in confined spatial distribution
Laminated multifunctional bacterial cellulose nanocomposite with a millefeuille topographic distribution of inorganic nanoparticles.
Dispersed nano-MOFs via a stimuli-responsive biohybrid-system with enhanced photocatalytic performance
MOF-based heterogeneous catalysts with enhanced dispersibility and photocatalytic property are realized via introducing pollen pivots.