Inside front cover
Dietary polysaccharides and polyphenols can promote health by influencing gut microbiota populations
Guest editors Michael Conlon and David Topping introduce this themed collection on foods, the large bowel microbiota and health outcomes.
Probiotics in early life: a preventative and treatment approach
Microbial colonization of the infant gut plays a key role in immunological and metabolic pathways impacting human health.
Towards an integrated understanding of the therapeutic utility of exclusive enteral nutrition in the treatment of Crohn's disease
The therapeutic effects associated with EEN may be mediated by co-ordinate effects on the host gut mucosa and microbiota.
Diet, microbiota, and dysbiosis: a ‘recipe’ for colorectal cancer
The food we consume feeds not only us, but also a vast and diverse community of microbiota within our gastrointestinal tract.
The human gut microbial ecology associated with overweight and obesity determines ellagic acid metabolism
We recently identified three metabotypes (0, A and B) that depend on the metabolic profile of urolithins produced from polyphenol ellagic acid (EA).
A search for synbiotics: effects of enzymatically modified arabinoxylan and Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens on short-chain fatty acids in the cecum content and plasma of rats
Identification of dietary strategies to increase large intestinal production and absorption of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially butyrate, is of great interest due to the possible health promoting effects.
In vitro analysis of partially hydrolyzed guar gum fermentation differences between six individuals
Partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) is a fermentable, soluble, non-gelling fiber consumed as both a supplement and ingredient.
The fate of 13C-labelled and non-labelled inulin predisposed to large bowel fermentation in rats
The fate of stable-isotope 13C labelled and non-labelled inulin catabolism by the gut microbiota was assessed in a healthy rat model.
Impact of increasing fruit and vegetables and flavonoid intake on the human gut microbiota
Plant-derived dietary fibre and/or flavonoids may mediate the protective effects of fruits and vegetables (F&V) in lowering the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and cancers particularly through their interaction with the gut microbiota.
Red wine polyphenols modulate fecal microbiota and reduce markers of the metabolic syndrome in obese patients
Moderate intake of red wine by obese adults with MetS resulted in positive effects on gut microbiota composition and a reduction in the metabolic syndrome risk markers.
Microencapsulation of probiotics in hydrogel particles: enhancing Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris LM0230 viability using calcium alginate beads
Encapsulation in alginate improved the viability of lactococcal probiotics.
The impact of long-term dietary pattern of fecal donor on in vitro fecal fermentation properties of inulin
A diet high in whole grains, dry beans, and certain vegetables that contributed dietary fiber, plant protein, and B vitamins resulted in high short chain fatty acids, while a diet high in diary and processed meats that provided cholesterol and little fiber resulted in high branched chain fatty acids and ammonia during fecal fermentation of inulin.
Spent turmeric reduces fat mass in rats fed a high-fat diet
The industrial waste product spent turmeric remarkably reduced obesity in rats fed a high-fat diet. The mesentery adipocyte' size in rats fed a STP diet was smaller than that in rats fed a control diet with or without antibiotic cocktail.
About this collection
This special themed collection features a selection of manuscripts on the theme of Foods, the large bowel microbiota and health outcomes, guest edited by Dr David Topping and Dr Michael Conlon . There is intense and growing interest in the role of the large bowel microbial populations and its metabolic products on outcomes which have a profound influence on human health and the risk of serious disease. Diet has a significant impact on the microbiota and its activities and this special issue seeks to capture the latest research on the interplay between foods (and food components) on the microbiota and the consequences for health status.