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Themed collection Foods, the large bowel microbiota and health outcomes

15 items
Cover

Front cover

Graphical abstract: Front cover
Cover

Inside front cover

Graphical abstract: Inside front cover
Editorial

Dietary polysaccharides and polyphenols can promote health by influencing gut microbiota populations

Guest editors Michael Conlon and David Topping introduce this themed collection on foods, the large bowel microbiota and health outcomes.

Graphical abstract: Dietary polysaccharides and polyphenols can promote health by influencing gut microbiota populations
From the themed collection: Probiotics, Prebiotics and Gut Health
Review Article

Probiotics in early life: a preventative and treatment approach

Microbial colonization of the infant gut plays a key role in immunological and metabolic pathways impacting human health.

Graphical abstract: Probiotics in early life: a preventative and treatment approach
From the themed collection: Probiotics, Prebiotics and Gut Health
Review Article

Towards an integrated understanding of the therapeutic utility of exclusive enteral nutrition in the treatment of Crohn's disease

The therapeutic effects associated with EEN may be mediated by co-ordinate effects on the host gut mucosa and microbiota.

Graphical abstract: Towards an integrated understanding of the therapeutic utility of exclusive enteral nutrition in the treatment of Crohn's disease
Review Article

Diet, microbiota, and dysbiosis: a ‘recipe’ for colorectal cancer

The food we consume feeds not only us, but also a vast and diverse community of microbiota within our gastrointestinal tract.

Graphical abstract: Diet, microbiota, and dysbiosis: a ‘recipe’ for colorectal cancer
From the themed collection: Recent HOT articles
Communication

The human gut microbial ecology associated with overweight and obesity determines ellagic acid metabolism

We recently identified three metabotypes (0, A and B) that depend on the metabolic profile of urolithins produced from polyphenol ellagic acid (EA).

Graphical abstract: The human gut microbial ecology associated with overweight and obesity determines ellagic acid metabolism
From the themed collection: Probiotics, Prebiotics and Gut Health
Paper

A search for synbiotics: effects of enzymatically modified arabinoxylan and Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens on short-chain fatty acids in the cecum content and plasma of rats

Identification of dietary strategies to increase large intestinal production and absorption of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially butyrate, is of great interest due to the possible health promoting effects.

Graphical abstract: A search for synbiotics: effects of enzymatically modified arabinoxylan and Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens on short-chain fatty acids in the cecum content and plasma of rats
Paper

In vitro analysis of partially hydrolyzed guar gum fermentation differences between six individuals

Partially hydrolyzed guar gum (PHGG) is a fermentable, soluble, non-gelling fiber consumed as both a supplement and ingredient.

Graphical abstract: In vitro analysis of partially hydrolyzed guar gum fermentation differences between six individuals
Paper

The fate of 13C-labelled and non-labelled inulin predisposed to large bowel fermentation in rats

The fate of stable-isotope 13C labelled and non-labelled inulin catabolism by the gut microbiota was assessed in a healthy rat model.

Graphical abstract: The fate of 13C-labelled and non-labelled inulin predisposed to large bowel fermentation in rats
Paper

Impact of increasing fruit and vegetables and flavonoid intake on the human gut microbiota

Plant-derived dietary fibre and/or flavonoids may mediate the protective effects of fruits and vegetables (F&V) in lowering the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and cancers particularly through their interaction with the gut microbiota.

Graphical abstract: Impact of increasing fruit and vegetables and flavonoid intake on the human gut microbiota
From the themed collection: Probiotics, Prebiotics and Gut Health
Paper

Red wine polyphenols modulate fecal microbiota and reduce markers of the metabolic syndrome in obese patients

Moderate intake of red wine by obese adults with MetS resulted in positive effects on gut microbiota composition and a reduction in the metabolic syndrome risk markers.

Graphical abstract: Red wine polyphenols modulate fecal microbiota and reduce markers of the metabolic syndrome in obese patients
Paper

Microencapsulation of probiotics in hydrogel particles: enhancing Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris LM0230 viability using calcium alginate beads

Encapsulation in alginate improved the viability of lactococcal probiotics.

Graphical abstract: Microencapsulation of probiotics in hydrogel particles: enhancing Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris LM0230 viability using calcium alginate beads
From the themed collection: Probiotics, Prebiotics and Gut Health
Paper

The impact of long-term dietary pattern of fecal donor on in vitro fecal fermentation properties of inulin

A diet high in whole grains, dry beans, and certain vegetables that contributed dietary fiber, plant protein, and B vitamins resulted in high short chain fatty acids, while a diet high in diary and processed meats that provided cholesterol and little fiber resulted in high branched chain fatty acids and ammonia during fecal fermentation of inulin.

Graphical abstract: The impact of long-term dietary pattern of fecal donor on in vitro fecal fermentation properties of inulin
Paper

Spent turmeric reduces fat mass in rats fed a high-fat diet

The industrial waste product spent turmeric remarkably reduced obesity in rats fed a high-fat diet. The mesentery adipocyte' size in rats fed a STP diet was smaller than that in rats fed a control diet with or without antibiotic cocktail.

Graphical abstract: Spent turmeric reduces fat mass in rats fed a high-fat diet
15 items

About this collection

This special themed collection features a selection of manuscripts on the theme of Foods, the large bowel microbiota and health outcomes, guest edited by Dr David Topping and Dr Michael Conlon . There is intense and growing interest in the role of the large bowel microbial populations and its metabolic products on outcomes which have a profound influence on human health and the risk of serious disease. Diet has a significant impact on the microbiota and its activities and this special issue seeks to capture the latest research on the interplay between foods (and food components) on the microbiota and the consequences for health status.

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