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Themed collection Brine Mining Nexus

9 items
Perspective

Lithium extraction from Chinese salt-lake brines: opportunities, challenges, and future outlook

Chinese salt-lake brine is mainly of the magnesium sulfate subtype with a high Mg/Li ratio. To extract high purity lithium chloride from Chinese brine has been a decade-long challenge. This review summarizes the state-of-the-art of lithium extraction from Chinese salt-lake brine.

Graphical abstract: Lithium extraction from Chinese salt-lake brines: opportunities, challenges, and future outlook
Open Access Perspective

Three promising applications of microbial electrochemistry for the water sector

The potential applications of microbial electrochemistry are many; three promising ones are sensors, in situ bioremediation, and metal recovery.

Graphical abstract: Three promising applications of microbial electrochemistry for the water sector
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Critical Review

A review of the management and treatment of brine solutions

This paper critically reviews current technologies for concentrate management including emerging membrane technologies, which could recover valuable minerals from brine solutions.

Graphical abstract: A review of the management and treatment of brine solutions
Open Access Critical Review

Mining valuable minerals from seawater: a critical review

Methods of extracting valuable minerals from seawater and seawater brines generated in desalination plants are critically reviewed in this paper.

Graphical abstract: Mining valuable minerals from seawater: a critical review
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

On the optimal design of forward osmosis desalination systems with NH3–CO2–H2O solutions

The optimal working pressure and composition of the draw solution is identified. The forward osmosis process is compared with reverse osmosis and thermal desalination in terms of specific work, membrane area, and second law efficiency.

Graphical abstract: On the optimal design of forward osmosis desalination systems with NH3–CO2–H2O solutions
Paper

Silica fouling in coal seam gas water reverse osmosis desalination

Silica fouling was studied in RO desalination of high salinity (30–60 g L−1 as NaCl) coal seam gas (CSG) water for a range of silica concentrations, pH conditions and dissolved aluminium concentrations.

Graphical abstract: Silica fouling in coal seam gas water reverse osmosis desalination
From the themed collection: Brine Mining Nexus
Paper

Demonstration of membrane distillation on textile waste water: assessment of long term performance, membrane cleaning and waste heat integration

A three month membrane distillation trial demonstrated innovative pretreatments, cleaning and waste heat integration as an inland textile industry wastewater solution.

Graphical abstract: Demonstration of membrane distillation on textile waste water: assessment of long term performance, membrane cleaning and waste heat integration
Paper

Enhanced water recovery in the coal seam gas industry using a dual reverse osmosis system

A robust method involving intermediate nanofiltration in a dual stage RO system to achieve high water recovery rates from coal seam water has been developed.

Graphical abstract: Enhanced water recovery in the coal seam gas industry using a dual reverse osmosis system
From the themed collection: Brine Mining Nexus
Paper

Synergistic effect of combined colloidal and organic fouling in membrane distillation: Measurements and mechanisms

We examined the synergistic effect of combined fouling in MD process with three organic foulants – alginate, bovine serum albumin, and humic acid – in the presence of colloidal silica particles.

Graphical abstract: Synergistic effect of combined colloidal and organic fouling in membrane distillation: Measurements and mechanisms
From the themed collection: Brine Mining Nexus
9 items

About this collection

Guest Edited by Long Nghiem (University of Wollongong, Australia), Enrico Drioli (Università della Calabria, Italy), Tzahi Cath (Colorado School of Mines, USA) and Tao He (Shanghai Advanced Research Institute, China), this themed collection in Environmental Science: Water Research & Technology showcases some of the latest work being conducted in the field of brine management technology.

Brine or concentrate management represents both challenges in terms of saline wastewater disposal and opportunities regarding the recovery of valuable minerals. Successful integration of brine management techniques and other processes can open up a new horizon for water and wastewater treatment, but will require complementary and innovative development in both process engineering and materials science. The papers in this collection cover an array of research topics in process engineering and materials sciences specific toward the development or further improvement of brine management technologies.

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