Themed collection Environmental exposure and impacts

125 items - Showing page 1 of 2
Open Access Perspective

To be or not to be degraded: in defense of persistence assessment of chemicals

Characterizing the degradation behavior of chemicals in the environment is a key component of chemical hazard and risk assessment.

Graphical abstract: To be or not to be degraded: in defense of persistence assessment of chemicals
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Perspective

Influence of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: a review from the climate change perspective

This perspective article reports the possible relationships between climate change and the SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 pandemic and vice versa.

Graphical abstract: Influence of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: a review from the climate change perspective
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Perspective

A framework to model exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in indoor environments

We propose a framework based on exposure models for semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) to describe the emission and transport of, and exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in indoor environments.

Graphical abstract: A framework to model exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in indoor environments
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Perspective

Placenta as a target of trichloroethylene toxicity

Trichloroethylene (TCE) is an industrial solvent and a common environmental contaminant. Reactive metabolites of TCE disrupt placental cell functions important for pregnancy health.

Graphical abstract: Placenta as a target of trichloroethylene toxicity
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Perspective

A perspective on the role of fugacity and activity for evaluating the PBT properties of organic chemicals and providing a multi-media synoptic indicator of environmental contamination

We present a perspective on how models based on the equilibrium criteria of fugacity and chemical activity can contribute to evaluation of persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity criteria.

Graphical abstract: A perspective on the role of fugacity and activity for evaluating the PBT properties of organic chemicals and providing a multi-media synoptic indicator of environmental contamination
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Critical Review

Red tides in the Galician rías: historical overview, ecological impact, and future monitoring strategies

The Galician rías (NW Iberia, Spain) are responsible for most of the national shellfish production. This is the first review of red tides in that area including an historical overview, social challenges and proposals for improving their monitoring.

Graphical abstract: Red tides in the Galician rías: historical overview, ecological impact, and future monitoring strategies
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Critical Review

Impact of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) on secondary sludge microorganisms: removal, potential toxicity, and their implications on existing wastewater treatment regulations in Canada

There is limited data on perfluorinated PFAS, with PFOS and PFOA dominating the research field. Laboratory studies with these two compounds demonstrate potential biodegradation and bioadsorption, but also show negative impacts on the performance of AS and AGS after long-term exposure.

Graphical abstract: Impact of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) on secondary sludge microorganisms: removal, potential toxicity, and their implications on existing wastewater treatment regulations in Canada
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Critical Review

Biomonitoring, exposure routes and risk assessment of chlorinated paraffins in humans: a mini-review

CPs are extensively existed in human samples with increased M/S ratio. Dietary intake is the main source. The reported upper bound of EDIs may be close or exceed TDIs, thus further risk assessments are required.

Graphical abstract: Biomonitoring, exposure routes and risk assessment of chlorinated paraffins in humans: a mini-review
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Critical Review

Lithium-ion battery recycling: a source of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) to the environment?

PFAS are widely used in lithium-ion batteries, which may be problematic for the rapidly growing battery recycling industry.

Graphical abstract: Lithium-ion battery recycling: a source of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) to the environment?
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Critical Review

Particulate matter and ultrafine particles in urban air pollution and their effect on the nervous system

Pollutant particulate matter and ultrafine particles have been related to the rise of neurodegenerative diseases and other brain disorders. It is necessary to understand their potential health impacts in order to develop strategies to reduce risks.

Graphical abstract: Particulate matter and ultrafine particles in urban air pollution and their effect on the nervous system
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Critical Review

Chemicals/materials of emerging concern in farmlands: sources, crop uptake and potential human health risks

Contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) from different agricultural inputs enter the farmland soils and tend to get transferred to humans through meat from grazing animals and plant produce, causing serious health concern.

Graphical abstract: Chemicals/materials of emerging concern in farmlands: sources, crop uptake and potential human health risks
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Critical Review

The influence of global climate change on accumulation and toxicity of persistent organic pollutants and chemicals of emerging concern in Arctic food webs

Global climate change-driven shifts in physical and ecological processes may alter POPs concentrations in Arctic food webs.

Graphical abstract: The influence of global climate change on accumulation and toxicity of persistent organic pollutants and chemicals of emerging concern in Arctic food webs
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Critical Review

Critical review of antibiotic resistance genes in the atmosphere

Our critical review compares ARG profiles in the atmosphere across different locations and discusses characterization methods, atmospheric transport, and future research questions.

Graphical abstract: Critical review of antibiotic resistance genes in the atmosphere
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Critical Review

A pandemic-induced environmental dilemma of disposable masks: solutions from the perspective of the life cycle

Massive use of disposable masks and mismanagement could raise emerging environmental and bio-safety concerns.

Graphical abstract: A pandemic-induced environmental dilemma of disposable masks: solutions from the perspective of the life cycle
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Critical Review

Epidemiological significance of the occurrence and persistence of rotaviruses in water and sewage: a critical review and proposal for routine microbiological monitoring

Globally, waterborne gastroenteritis attributable to rotaviruses is on the increase due to the rapid increase in population growth, poor socioeconomic conditions, and drastic changes in climatic conditions.

Graphical abstract: Epidemiological significance of the occurrence and persistence of rotaviruses in water and sewage: a critical review and proposal for routine microbiological monitoring
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Critical Review

Occurrence, human exposure, and risk of microplastics in the indoor environment

Pathways of human exposure to MPs and associated risks.

Graphical abstract: Occurrence, human exposure, and risk of microplastics in the indoor environment
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Critical Review

Emerging investigator series: the role of chemical properties in human exposure to environmental chemicals

We review how chemical properties govern human exposure to environmental chemicals through different routes from different sources.

Graphical abstract: Emerging investigator series: the role of chemical properties in human exposure to environmental chemicals
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Critical Review

A critical review on the potential impacts of neonicotinoid insecticide use: current knowledge of environmental fate, toxicity, and implications for human health

The review examines literature relevant to environmental fate, transformation, and toxicity, and human exposure and health risks of neonicotinoid insecticides.

Graphical abstract: A critical review on the potential impacts of neonicotinoid insecticide use: current knowledge of environmental fate, toxicity, and implications for human health
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Critical Review

Association of phthalate exposure with precocious and delayed pubertal timing in girls and boys: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Herein, recent studies were evaluated to obtain regulation results in relation to puberty status and phthalate exposure in children.

Graphical abstract: Association of phthalate exposure with precocious and delayed pubertal timing in girls and boys: a systematic review and meta-analysis
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Critical Review

Reproductive and developmental health effects of prenatal exposure to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water

Tetrachloroethylene (PCE) is a common contaminant in both occupational and community settings.

Graphical abstract: Reproductive and developmental health effects of prenatal exposure to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Critical Review

Trichloroethylene, a ubiquitous environmental contaminant in the risk for Parkinson's disease

Trichloroethylene (TCE) is a volatile organic solvent, released into the environment from industrial sites. It contaminates ground water and soil and poses a vapor intrusion hazard for residential and commercial buildings.

Graphical abstract: Trichloroethylene, a ubiquitous environmental contaminant in the risk for Parkinson's disease
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Communication

Increased cytotoxicity of Pb2+ with co-exposures to a mitochondrial uncoupler and mitochondrial calcium uniporter inhibitor

Mixtures of Pb2+ and two mechanistically distinct mitochondrial toxicants, ruthenium red and carbonyl cyanide-p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone (FCCP), resulted in greater than additive Pb2+-induced cytotoxicity in HepG2 (human liver) cells.

Graphical abstract: Increased cytotoxicity of Pb2+ with co-exposures to a mitochondrial uncoupler and mitochondrial calcium uniporter inhibitor
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Communication

Detection of exposed phosgene in household bleach: development of a selective and cost-effective sensing tool

Preparation of a novel, simple and cost-effective chemosensor (ANO) to detect lethal phosgene exposed from household bleach.

Graphical abstract: Detection of exposed phosgene in household bleach: development of a selective and cost-effective sensing tool
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Communication

Increased prevalence of indoor Aspergillus and Penicillium species is associated with indoor flooding and coastal proximity: a case study of 28 moldy buildings

Indoor dampness causes mold growth. The likelihood of such molds being clinically relevant Aspergillus and Penicillium spp. is higher in coastal homes with history of indoor flooding. Fungal surveillance in flood prone homes is therefore critical.

Graphical abstract: Increased prevalence of indoor Aspergillus and Penicillium species is associated with indoor flooding and coastal proximity: a case study of 28 moldy buildings
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Communication

Emerging per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in human milk from Sweden and China

Emerging per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) were investigated in human milk from Stockholm (Sweden), and the cities of Shanghai, Jiaxing, and Shaoxing (China).

Graphical abstract: Emerging per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in human milk from Sweden and China
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Communication

Short-term exposure to low concentrations of copper oxide nanoparticles can negatively impact the ecological performance of a cosmopolitan freshwater fungus

Short term exposure to very low concentrations of CuO NPs can have an impact on freshwater ecological processes.

Graphical abstract: Short-term exposure to low concentrations of copper oxide nanoparticles can negatively impact the ecological performance of a cosmopolitan freshwater fungus
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Co-exposure to tire wear particles and nickel inhibits mung bean yield by reducing nutrient uptake

Tire wear particles and nickel have detrimental effects on plant health by causing blockage and altering nutrient hemotasis, ultimately reducing plant yield.

Graphical abstract: Co-exposure to tire wear particles and nickel inhibits mung bean yield by reducing nutrient uptake
From the themed collection: Contaminant remediation and fate
Paper

Phytotoxicity of metal–organic framework MOF-74(Co) nanoparticles to pea seedlings

MOF-74(Co) NPs lower root length, fresh weight and dry weight of pea seedlings. MOF-74(Co) NPs decreased net photosynthetic rate and increased intercellular CO2 content. Released Co ions induced oxidative stress and damaged photosynthesis system II.

Graphical abstract: Phytotoxicity of metal–organic framework MOF-74(Co) nanoparticles to pea seedlings
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Ecotoxicological assessment of biomass-derived furan platform chemicals using aquatic and terrestrial bioassays

An environmental toxicological assessment of fourteen furanic compounds serving as valuable building blocks produced from biomass was performed.

Graphical abstract: Ecotoxicological assessment of biomass-derived furan platform chemicals using aquatic and terrestrial bioassays
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Association between short-term ambient air pollutants and type 2 diabetes outpatient visits: a time series study in Lanzhou, China

Diabetes is a global public health problem, and the impact of air pollutants on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has attracted people's attention.

Graphical abstract: Association between short-term ambient air pollutants and type 2 diabetes outpatient visits: a time series study in Lanzhou, China
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Combined toxicity and adverse outcome pathways of common pesticides on Chlorella pyrenoidosa

Adverse outcome pathways framework of pesticides.

Graphical abstract: Combined toxicity and adverse outcome pathways of common pesticides on Chlorella pyrenoidosa
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Paper

A prospective ecological risk assessment of high-efficiency III–V/silicon tandem solar cells

III–V/silicon tandem solar cells offer a promising avenue for high-efficiency, high-stability photovoltaics with low environmental risk.

Graphical abstract: A prospective ecological risk assessment of high-efficiency III–V/silicon tandem solar cells
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Occurrence profiling, risk assessment, and correlations of antimicrobials in surface water and groundwater systems in Southwest Nigeria

In this study, nine PPCPs were widely detected in surface and groundwater. Ciprofloxacin and methylparaben were the most dominant antibiotic and paraben compounds, respectively, with ciprofloxacin posing a high health risk to all population groups.

Graphical abstract: Occurrence profiling, risk assessment, and correlations of antimicrobials in surface water and groundwater systems in Southwest Nigeria
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Disruption and recovery of outdoor bioaerosols before, during, and after the COVID-19 outbreak at a campus in Central China: pathogen composition, particle size distribution, influencing factors, and exposure risk

With the evolving dynamics of the COVID-19 outbreak, this study investigates variations in bioaerosols at various sampling points in the outdoor environment of a campus before, during, and after COVID-19, along with a corresponding risk assessment.

Graphical abstract: Disruption and recovery of outdoor bioaerosols before, during, and after the COVID-19 outbreak at a campus in Central China: pathogen composition, particle size distribution, influencing factors, and exposure risk
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Paper

Applying a modified systematic review and integrated assessment framework (SYRINA) – a case study on triphenyl phosphate

This work presents a case study in applying a systematic review framework (SYRINA) to the identification of chemicals as endocrine disruptors.

Graphical abstract: Applying a modified systematic review and integrated assessment framework (SYRINA) – a case study on triphenyl phosphate
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Polystyrene microplastics interaction and influence on the growth kinetics and metabolism of tilapia gut probiotic Bacillus tropicus ACS1

Polystyrene microplastics affects the growth kinetics and cell viability of Bacillus tropicus ACS1, a probiotic isolated from tilapia gut. It induced oxidative stress and influenced the EPS production of the bacteria under in vitro conditions.

Graphical abstract: Polystyrene microplastics interaction and influence on the growth kinetics and metabolism of tilapia gut probiotic Bacillus tropicus ACS1
Open Access Paper

Identification and quantification of fluorinated polymers in consumer products by combustion ion chromatography and pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Using the combination of total analysis and pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to identify fluoropolymers in a broad range of consumer products.

Graphical abstract: Identification and quantification of fluorinated polymers in consumer products by combustion ion chromatography and pyrolysis-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Source-specific ecological and health risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the adjacent coastal area of the Yellow River Estuary, China

The source of pollution was different from the source of pollution risk, shedding light on the importance of risk-based pollution source control.

Graphical abstract: Source-specific ecological and health risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the adjacent coastal area of the Yellow River Estuary, China
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Predictive binary mixture toxicity modeling of fluoroquinolones (FQs) and the projection of toxicity of hypothetical binary FQ mixtures: a combination of 2D-QSAR and machine-learning approaches

We have developed conventional and machine learning-based mixture QSAR models from the toxicity data of the binary mixtures of fluoroquinolones in E. coli.

Graphical abstract: Predictive binary mixture toxicity modeling of fluoroquinolones (FQs) and the projection of toxicity of hypothetical binary FQ mixtures: a combination of 2D-QSAR and machine-learning approaches
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Polystyrene nanoplastics alter the ecotoxicological effects of diclofenac on freshwater microalgae Scenedesmus obliquus

Diclofenac and polystyrene nanoplastics are toxic to algal cells at higher doses. When combined, they have a surprising hormesis effect on toxicity and show significant synergistic effects in higher-dose combinations.

Graphical abstract: Polystyrene nanoplastics alter the ecotoxicological effects of diclofenac on freshwater microalgae Scenedesmus obliquus
Paper

Co-PBK: a computational biomonitoring tool for assessing chronic internal exposure to chemicals and metabolites

A computational tool is introduced for simulating long-term internal exposure to chemicals and their metabolites.

Graphical abstract: Co-PBK: a computational biomonitoring tool for assessing chronic internal exposure to chemicals and metabolites
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in grocery store foods: method optimization, occurrence, and exposure assessment

Dietary exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) is poorly understood.

Graphical abstract: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in grocery store foods: method optimization, occurrence, and exposure assessment
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Prioritizing molecular formulae identified by non-target analysis through high-throughput modelling: application to identify compounds with high human accumulation potential from house dust

Model calculations for molecular formulae are feasible, if there is a means of assembling collections of plausible isomers. Such calculations can aid in prioritizing chemical features from non-target analysis.

Graphical abstract: Prioritizing molecular formulae identified by non-target analysis through high-throughput modelling: application to identify compounds with high human accumulation potential from house dust
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Paper

Adding open spectral data to MassBank and PubChem using open source tools to support non-targeted exposomics of mixtures

Adding mass spectra from complex mixtures of chemicals relevant for exposomics to open spectral libraries such as MassBank and chemical databases like PubChem empowers identification efforts for non-target high resolution mass spectrometry workflows.

Graphical abstract: Adding open spectral data to MassBank and PubChem using open source tools to support non-targeted exposomics of mixtures
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Occurrence of emerging contaminants in pet hair and indoor air: integrative health risk assessment using multiple ToxCast endpoints

Various contaminants in indoor air, dust, and pet hair samples. The distribution of pollutants between media was explained by their sources and partitioning processes. In vitro data helped estimate the risks to human health from indoor exposome.

Graphical abstract: Occurrence of emerging contaminants in pet hair and indoor air: integrative health risk assessment using multiple ToxCast endpoints
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Paper

Mixture effect assessment applying in vitro bioassays to in-tissue silicone extracts of traditional foods prepared from beluga whale blubber

Mixtures extracted from beluga traditional food preparations activated oxidative stress response and the aryl hydrocarbon receptor but did not show any hormone-like effects.

Graphical abstract: Mixture effect assessment applying in vitro bioassays to in-tissue silicone extracts of traditional foods prepared from beluga whale blubber
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Characterizing the marine mammal exposome by iceberg modeling, linking chemical analysis and in vitro bioassays

The analysis of mixtures of environmental contaminants from marine mammal organs revealed distinct distribution patterns for single compounds. The combination of chemical analysis and bioassays can comprehensively characterize the mixture exposome.

Graphical abstract: Characterizing the marine mammal exposome by iceberg modeling, linking chemical analysis and in vitro bioassays
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Autoxidation of glycols used in inhalable daily products: implications for the use of artificial fogs and e-cigarettes

The use of glycols is seen in various industries and occupations.

Graphical abstract: Autoxidation of glycols used in inhalable daily products: implications for the use of artificial fogs and e-cigarettes
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Read-across-based intelligent learning: development of a global q-RASAR model for the efficient quantitative predictions of skin sensitization potential of diverse organic chemicals

This computational work presents a novel similarity-based q-RASAR approach for the development of a global model that can quantitatively and efficiently identify the skin sensitization potential of hazardous chemicals.

Graphical abstract: Read-across-based intelligent learning: development of a global q-RASAR model for the efficient quantitative predictions of skin sensitization potential of diverse organic chemicals
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Toxicity and tolerance mechanism of binary zinc oxide nanoparticles and tetrabromobisphenol A regulated by humic acid in Chlorella vulgaris

This study confirms that the synergistic effects of binary ZnO NPs and TBBPA lead to combined toxicity, while the regulation of HA alleviates oxidative stress and the toxicological response.

Graphical abstract: Toxicity and tolerance mechanism of binary zinc oxide nanoparticles and tetrabromobisphenol A regulated by humic acid in Chlorella vulgaris
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

The key constituents underlying the combined toxicity of eight cosmetic contaminants towards Vibrio qinghaiensis

Pathways for finding key components of toxicity and interaction intensity of cosmetic contaminants.

Graphical abstract: The key constituents underlying the combined toxicity of eight cosmetic contaminants towards Vibrio qinghaiensis
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Paper

Characterizing metals in particulate pollution in communities at the fenceline of heavy industry: combining mobile monitoring and size-resolved filter measurements

This study investigates metal/metalloid concentrations and emission sources in fenceline communities of a heavy industry area using advanced online and offline mass spectrometry techniques.

Graphical abstract: Characterizing metals in particulate pollution in communities at the fenceline of heavy industry: combining mobile monitoring and size-resolved filter measurements
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Combined effects of P25 TiO2 nanoparticles and disposable face mask leachate on microalgae Scenedesmus obliquus: analysing the effects of heavy metals

Disposable surgical face masks extensively used during the COVID-19 outbreak would release microplastics into the aquatic environment and that in combination with TiO2 nanoparticles may harm the aquatic biota.

Graphical abstract: Combined effects of P25 TiO2 nanoparticles and disposable face mask leachate on microalgae Scenedesmus obliquus: analysing the effects of heavy metals
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Association of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with thyroid hormones in adolescents and adults, and the influence of the iodine status

Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is associated with thyroid hormones (THs) among American adolescents and adults. There are age, sex and smoking status differences, and the iodine status has an influence on PAH–TH associations.

Graphical abstract: Association of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons with thyroid hormones in adolescents and adults, and the influence of the iodine status
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Developmental toxicity of the emerging contaminant cyclophosphamide and the integrated biomarker response (IBRv2) in zebrafish

The safety of cyclophosphamide (CP) in the early developmental stages is not studied yet; it is important to study the responses at these stages because it might have relevance to CP-administered humans.

Graphical abstract: Developmental toxicity of the emerging contaminant cyclophosphamide and the integrated biomarker response (IBRv2) in zebrafish
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Occurrence, distribution and environmental risk of 19 anthelmintic drugs in river water and sediment from the Jinjiang River, China

This study explored the occurrence and distribution of 19 common anthelmintic drugs (ADs) in river water and sediment of the Jinjiang River in Sichuan, China, during summer and winter seasons.

Graphical abstract: Occurrence, distribution and environmental risk of 19 anthelmintic drugs in river water and sediment from the Jinjiang River, China
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Ecological risk of galaxolide and its transformation product galaxolidone: evidence from the literature and a case study in Guangzhou waterways

Galaxolidone (HHCB-lac) is a major transformation product of the commonly used synthetic musk galaxolide (HHCB) and is ubiquitous in the environment along with the parent compound.

Graphical abstract: Ecological risk of galaxolide and its transformation product galaxolidone: evidence from the literature and a case study in Guangzhou waterways
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Paper

Determination of the distribution of rare earth elements La and Gd in Daphnia magna via micro and nano-SXRF imaging

While our awareness of the toxicity of rare earth elements to aquatic organisms increases, our understanding of their direct interaction and accumulation remains limited.

Graphical abstract: Determination of the distribution of rare earth elements La and Gd in Daphnia magna via micro and nano-SXRF imaging
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Partitioning into phosphatidylcholine–cholesterol membranes: liposome measurements, coarse-grained simulations, and implications for bioaccumulation

Liposome measurements and coarse-grained simulations are used to assess the cholesterol dependence of membrane-water partitioning for small molecules and the implications for bioaccumulation.

Graphical abstract: Partitioning into phosphatidylcholine–cholesterol membranes: liposome measurements, coarse-grained simulations, and implications for bioaccumulation
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Comprehensive methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) evaluation method comparison using a laboratory generation system

A comprehensive method comparison for the evaluation of airborne methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) with emphasis on how MDI is spatially distributed within sampling devices.

Graphical abstract: Comprehensive methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) evaluation method comparison using a laboratory generation system
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Paper

A rapid micro chamber method to measure SVOC emission and transport model parameters

A rapid micro chamber method is used to measure emission model parameters of plasticizers, compared to a traditional chamber method and then applied in an exposure assessment with the DustEx webtool.

Graphical abstract: A rapid micro chamber method to measure SVOC emission and transport model parameters
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Associations between environmental characteristics, high-resolution indoor microbiome, metabolome and allergic and non-allergic rhinitis symptoms for junior high school students

Bacteria Brasilonema bromeliae and Aeromonas enteropelogenes and the metabolite pipecolic acid were protectively associated with both allergic and non-allergic rhinitis symptoms. Pipecolic acid was highly co-occurrent with B. bromeliae.

Graphical abstract: Associations between environmental characteristics, high-resolution indoor microbiome, metabolome and allergic and non-allergic rhinitis symptoms for junior high school students
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Paper

A multi-pathway exposure assessment for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons among residents in the Athabasca oil sands region, Canada

The dietary intake of PAHs with traditional food, estimated with a mechanistic food chain bioaccumulation model, is compared with the exposure arising from ingesting market food and smoking cigarettes.

Graphical abstract: A multi-pathway exposure assessment for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons among residents in the Athabasca oil sands region, Canada
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Towards a surface metric to measure the dustiness of nanomaterial powders

This work shows that the dustiness index could be a reliable criterion for nanomaterial risk assessment in occupational exposure context and environment safety.

Graphical abstract: Towards a surface metric to measure the dustiness of nanomaterial powders
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Spatiotemporal patterns of soil heavy metal pollution risk and driving forces of increment in a typical industrialized region in central China

The long-term investigation of soil heavy metal pollution in one industrial area shows that the soil Cu, Pb and Cd pollution is quite serious, and the heavy metal increase is mainly caused by various industrial and mining activities.

Graphical abstract: Spatiotemporal patterns of soil heavy metal pollution risk and driving forces of increment in a typical industrialized region in central China
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Generation characteristics and spreading risk of VOCs released from a biological fermentation pharmaceutical factory

Pharmaceutical factories produce a large amount of volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which may pose a potential health threat to the environment, workers, and nearby residents.

Graphical abstract: Generation characteristics and spreading risk of VOCs released from a biological fermentation pharmaceutical factory
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Open Access Paper

Molecular speciation controls arsenic and lead bioaccessibility in fugitive dusts from sulfidic mine tailings

Mine tailings are sources of metal(loid)-rich particulate matter (PM), particularly in dry climates. Inhaled or ingested PM bioavailability and toxicity depends on the solid phase speciation and the rate of PM dissolution.

Graphical abstract: Molecular speciation controls arsenic and lead bioaccessibility in fugitive dusts from sulfidic mine tailings
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Paper

Real-time measurements of product compounds formed through the reaction of ozone with breath exhaled VOCs

Human presence can affect indoor air quality because of secondary organic compounds formed upon reactions between gaseous oxidant species, e.g., ozone (O3), hydroxyl radicals (OH), and chemical compounds from skin, exhaled breath, hair and clothes.

Graphical abstract: Real-time measurements of product compounds formed through the reaction of ozone with breath exhaled VOCs
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Determination of contaminants of emerging concern in raw pig manure as a whole: difference with the analysis of solid and liquid phases separately

The determination of the total amount of CECs in raw manure as a whole seems an advisable option compared to the analysis of the phases separately. The determination of the amounts of CECs contained in the liquid phase could be underestimated.

Graphical abstract: Determination of contaminants of emerging concern in raw pig manure as a whole: difference with the analysis of solid and liquid phases separately
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
Paper

Phthalate migration and its effects on poly(vinyl chloride)-based footwear: pathways, influence of environmental conditions, and the possibility of human exposure

This study is designed to assess the migration of phthalates in footwear from the PVC sole to the insole and emission through the surface causing potential exposure risk to the user and the environment.

Graphical abstract: Phthalate migration and its effects on poly(vinyl chloride)-based footwear: pathways, influence of environmental conditions, and the possibility of human exposure
From the themed collection: Environmental exposure and impacts
125 items - Showing page 1 of 2

About this collection

This web collection features research articles published in Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts focussed on environmental exposure and risk, and biological effects (toxicology).

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