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Themed collection Recent Open Access Articles

39 items
Open Access Paper

Updated and validated solar irradiance reference spectra for estimating environmental photodegradation rates

Irradiance reference spectra are used to calculate environmentally relevant photodegradation half-lives, but the currently used spectra were originally published in the 1980s with limited validation.

Graphical abstract: Updated and validated solar irradiance reference spectra for estimating environmental photodegradation rates
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Aqueous singlet oxygen reaction kinetics of furfuryl alcohol: effect of temperature, pH, and salt content

The rate constant for the reaction between furfuryl alcohol (FFA) and singlet oxygen (1O2) in aqueous solution was measured as a function of temperature, pH and salt content employing both steady-state photolysis (β value determination) and time-resolved singlet oxygen phosphorescence methods.

Graphical abstract: Aqueous singlet oxygen reaction kinetics of furfuryl alcohol: effect of temperature, pH, and salt content
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

A strategic screening approach to identify transformation products of organic micropollutants formed in natural waters

Many transformation products (TPs) from organic micropollutants are not included in routine environmental monitoring programs due to limited knowledge of their occurrence and fate.

Graphical abstract: A strategic screening approach to identify transformation products of organic micropollutants formed in natural waters
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Determination of polar organic micropollutants in surface and pore water by high-resolution sampling-direct injection-ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

A new method was developed for in situ characterization of polar organic micropollutants in hyporheic pore water at high spatial and temporal resolution.

Graphical abstract: Determination of polar organic micropollutants in surface and pore water by high-resolution sampling-direct injection-ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Differences in bulk and microscale yttrium speciation in coal combustion fly ash

Yttrium speciation in coal fly ash differs depending on the scale of the analysis.

Graphical abstract: Differences in bulk and microscale yttrium speciation in coal combustion fly ash
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

High-throughput evaluation of organic contaminant removal efficiency in a wastewater treatment plant using direct injection UHPLC-Orbitrap-MS/MS

Removal efficiency can be estimated from non-target data using the ratio of peak areas in effluent and influent.

Graphical abstract: High-throughput evaluation of organic contaminant removal efficiency in a wastewater treatment plant using direct injection UHPLC-Orbitrap-MS/MS
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Atmospheric oxidation of halogenated aromatics: comparative analysis of reaction mechanisms and reaction kinetics

This study provides valuable insight into the mechanism of tropospheric degradation and fate of halogenated aromatic systems.

Graphical abstract: Atmospheric oxidation of halogenated aromatics: comparative analysis of reaction mechanisms and reaction kinetics
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Perspective

Why is high persistence alone a major cause of concern?

High persistence has important implications for chemicals regulation and management.

Graphical abstract: Why is high persistence alone a major cause of concern?
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Temporal trends of halogenated flame retardants in the atmosphere of the Canadian Great Lakes Basin (2005–2014)

Temporal and spatial trends of total air concentrations (gas + particle) of halogenated flame retardants at the Canadian Great Lakes Basin were assessed (2005–2014).

Graphical abstract: Temporal trends of halogenated flame retardants in the atmosphere of the Canadian Great Lakes Basin (2005–2014)
Open Access Critical Review

Methane emissions: choosing the right climate metric and time horizon

We compare and make recommendations for the use of different climate metrics and time horizons with respect to methane emissions, applying to a case study of LNG as a shipping fuel.

Graphical abstract: Methane emissions: choosing the right climate metric and time horizon
Open Access Paper

Environmental trends of metals and PCDD/Fs around a cement plant after alternative fuel implementation: human health risk assessment

This study aimed at evaluating the potential impact of a cement plant after 4 years of the employment of alternative fuel.

Graphical abstract: Environmental trends of metals and PCDD/Fs around a cement plant after alternative fuel implementation: human health risk assessment
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Microphysics of the aqueous bulk counters the water activity driven rate acceleration of bromide oxidation by ozone from 289–245 K

Microphysics of the aqueous bulk counters rate acceleration of bromide oxidation by ozone at low temperatures.

Graphical abstract: Microphysics of the aqueous bulk counters the water activity driven rate acceleration of bromide oxidation by ozone from 289–245 K
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Oxidation potentials of phenols and anilines: correlation analysis of electrochemical and theoretical values

New experimental and theoretical oxidation potentials for substituted phenols and anilines give improved correlations to kinetic data with manganese oxides.

Graphical abstract: Oxidation potentials of phenols and anilines: correlation analysis of electrochemical and theoretical values
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Long-range transport clusters and positive matrix factorization source apportionment for investigating transboundary PM2.5 in Gothenburg, Sweden

Contribution of PM2.5 from different sources and areas.

Graphical abstract: Long-range transport clusters and positive matrix factorization source apportionment for investigating transboundary PM2.5 in Gothenburg, Sweden
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Mining legacy across a wetland landscape: high mercury in Upper Peninsula (Michigan) rivers, lakes, and fish

A geographic enigma is that atmospheric deposition of mercury is low and declining in the Upper Peninsula although total mercury (THg) and (MeHg) levels are high in waters and fish.

Graphical abstract: Mining legacy across a wetland landscape: high mercury in Upper Peninsula (Michigan) rivers, lakes, and fish
Open Access Paper

Transferring mixtures of chemicals from sediment to a bioassay using silicone-based passive sampling and dosing

Environmental mixtures of chemicals consist of a countless number of compounds with unknown identity and quantity.

Graphical abstract: Transferring mixtures of chemicals from sediment to a bioassay using silicone-based passive sampling and dosing
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Arsenic in residential soil and household dust in Cornwall, south west England: potential human exposure and the influence of historical mining

Exposure to arsenic (As) via residential soil and dust is a global concern, in regions affected by mining or with elevated concentrations present in underlying geology.

Graphical abstract: Arsenic in residential soil and household dust in Cornwall, south west England: potential human exposure and the influence of historical mining
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Effect of bicarbonate and phosphate on arsenic release from mining-impacted sediments in the Cheyenne River watershed, South Dakota, USA

We investigated the effect of competing environmentally relevant anions (PO43−,HCO3) on the release of As from solids (WW, DR) collected from the Cheyenne River watershed exposed to surface oxidizing conditions.

Graphical abstract: Effect of bicarbonate and phosphate on arsenic release from mining-impacted sediments in the Cheyenne River watershed, South Dakota, USA
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Inter-individual, inter-city, and temporal trends of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in human milk from Swedish mothers between 1972 and 2016

Inter-individual, inter-city, and temporal trends (1972–2016) in PFAS concentrations were examined in human milk from Sweden.

Graphical abstract: Inter-individual, inter-city, and temporal trends of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in human milk from Swedish mothers between 1972 and 2016
Open Access Perspective

Refining tools to bridge the gap between academia and chemical regulation: perspectives for WikiREACH

WikiREACH – a tool that reduces the resources needed and simplifies the process of gathering peer-reviewed studies for hazard and risk assessment of chemicals.

Graphical abstract: Refining tools to bridge the gap between academia and chemical regulation: perspectives for WikiREACH
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Evaluating the consumption of chemical products and articles as proxies for diffuse emissions to the environment

The lack of knowledge on chemicals in products hampers effective chemical management.

Graphical abstract: Evaluating the consumption of chemical products and articles as proxies for diffuse emissions to the environment
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Global transport of perfluoroalkyl acids via sea spray aerosol

Sea spray aerosols can act as a vector for sea-to-land transport of perfluorinated alkyl acids via the atmosphere.

Graphical abstract: Global transport of perfluoroalkyl acids via sea spray aerosol
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Development and validation of a simulation method, PeCHREM, for evaluating spatio-temporal concentration changes of paddy herbicides in rivers

A model simulating high-resolution concentration changes of various herbicides in Japan was developed and validated.

Graphical abstract: Development and validation of a simulation method, PeCHREM, for evaluating spatio-temporal concentration changes of paddy herbicides in rivers
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Critical Review

Isocyanic acid (HNCO) and its fate in the atmosphere: a review

Isocyanic acid (HNCO) has recently been identified in ambient air at potentially concerning concentrations for human health. Since its first atmospheric detection, significant progress has been made in understanding its sources and sinks.

Graphical abstract: Isocyanic acid (HNCO) and its fate in the atmosphere: a review
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances and fluorine mass balance in cosmetic products from the Swedish market: implications for environmental emissions and human exposure

Occurrence of PFASs, total fluorine and extractable organic fluorine in cosmetic products and their importance to human and environmental exposure.

Graphical abstract: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances and fluorine mass balance in cosmetic products from the Swedish market: implications for environmental emissions and human exposure
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Perspective

An academic researcher's guide to increased impact on regulatory assessment of chemicals

This paper proposes a set of actions to increase the usability of research data in chemical assessments.

Graphical abstract: An academic researcher's guide to increased impact on regulatory assessment of chemicals
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

A critical assessment of the environmental fate of linear and cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes using multimedia fugacity models

Modeled residence times of volatile methyl siloxanes exceed several persistence criteria in aquatic environments.

Graphical abstract: A critical assessment of the environmental fate of linear and cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes using multimedia fugacity models
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Cloud droplet activation of organic–salt mixtures predicted from two model treatments of the droplet surface

A new monolayer model predicts the bulk-surface partitioning, surface composition, and thickness of droplets comprising chemically unresolved, atmospherically relevant organic aerosols.

Graphical abstract: Cloud droplet activation of organic–salt mixtures predicted from two model treatments of the droplet surface
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Perspective

Can the Stockholm convention address the spectrum of chemicals currently under regulatory scrutiny? Advocating a more prominent role for modeling in POP screening assessment

Applying POP screening to a large chemical domain requires less reliance on individual criteria and more on integrated assessment with models.

Graphical abstract: Can the Stockholm convention address the spectrum of chemicals currently under regulatory scrutiny? Advocating a more prominent role for modeling in POP screening assessment
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Spatial variation in the atmospheric deposition of perfluoroalkyl acids: source elucidation through analysis of isomer patterns

Perfluorooctanoic acid present in the atmosphere stems from both telomer and electrochemical fluorination manufacturing.

Graphical abstract: Spatial variation in the atmospheric deposition of perfluoroalkyl acids: source elucidation through analysis of isomer patterns
Open Access Critical Review

Environmental fate and exposure models: advances and challenges in 21st century chemical risk assessment

Twenty-five years of progress in modeling the environmental fate and exposure of organic contaminants is reviewed, and a strategy for more rapidly adopting scientific progress into regulatory models is proposed.

Graphical abstract: Environmental fate and exposure models: advances and challenges in 21st century chemical risk assessment
Open Access Paper

Urban sources of synthetic musk compounds to the environment

Synthetic musk compounds found in ambient air and surface tributary waters may due to emissions from indoor air and release from wastewater treatment plant.

Graphical abstract: Urban sources of synthetic musk compounds to the environment
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Indigenous 14C-phenanthrene biodegradation in “pristine” woodland and grassland soils from Norway and the United Kingdom

In this study, the indigenous microbial mineralisation of 14C-phenanthrene in seven background soils (four from Norwegian woodland and three from the UK (two grasslands and one woodland)) was investigated.

Graphical abstract: Indigenous 14C-phenanthrene biodegradation in “pristine” woodland and grassland soils from Norway and the United Kingdom
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Critical Review

Sunlight-mediated inactivation of health-relevant microorganisms in water: a review of mechanisms and modeling approaches

Inactivation occurs via direct and indirect processes in sunlit waters.

Graphical abstract: Sunlight-mediated inactivation of health-relevant microorganisms in water: a review of mechanisms and modeling approaches
Open Access Paper

Variations in serum concentrations of selected organochlorines among delivering women in Argentina. The EMASAR study

The EMASAR study is the first study to describe the body burden of OCs in Argentinian women after delivery.

Graphical abstract: Variations in serum concentrations of selected organochlorines among delivering women in Argentina. The EMASAR study
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Effect of ageing on the properties and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon composition of biochar

Biochar field ageing changed PAH composition, generally decreased PAH leaching, and could not be simulated by lab ageing.

Graphical abstract: Effect of ageing on the properties and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon composition of biochar
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Paper

Predicting global scale exposure of humans to PCB 153 from historical emissions

Modeled global concentrations of PCB-153 in human milk agree with measurements within a factor 4 for 49 of 78 observations.

Graphical abstract: Predicting global scale exposure of humans to PCB 153 from historical emissions
Open Access Critical Review

Emerging investigator series: towards a framework for establishing the impacts of pharmaceuticals in wastewater irrigation systems on agro-ecosystems and human health

Use of reclaimed wastewater for agricultural irrigation is seen as an attractive option to meet agricultural water demands of a growing number of countries suffering from water scarcity.

Graphical abstract: Emerging investigator series: towards a framework for establishing the impacts of pharmaceuticals in wastewater irrigation systems on agro-ecosystems and human health
From the themed collection: Emerging Investigator Series
Open Access Perspective

In silico environmental chemical science: properties and processes from statistical and computational modelling

Theoretical and statistical approaches to calculation of properties that determine the environmental fate and effects of substances are summarized, with emphasis on their integration into “in silico environmental chemical science”.

Graphical abstract: In silico environmental chemical science: properties and processes from statistical and computational modelling
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
39 items

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Please see below for recent Open Access papers published in Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts.

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