Why is high persistence alone a major cause of concern?
High persistence has important implications for chemicals regulation and management.
Can the Stockholm convention address the spectrum of chemicals currently under regulatory scrutiny? Advocating a more prominent role for modeling in POP screening assessment
Applying POP screening to a large chemical domain requires less reliance on individual criteria and more on integrated assessment with models.
Refining tools to bridge the gap between academia and chemical regulation: perspectives for WikiREACH
WikiREACH – a tool that reduces the resources needed and simplifies the process of gathering peer-reviewed studies for hazard and risk assessment of chemicals.
An academic researcher's guide to increased impact on regulatory assessment of chemicals
This paper proposes a set of actions to increase the usability of research data in chemical assessments.
In silico environmental chemical science: properties and processes from statistical and computational modelling
Theoretical and statistical approaches to calculation of properties that determine the environmental fate and effects of substances are summarized, with emphasis on their integration into “in silico environmental chemical science”.
Isocyanic acid (HNCO) and its fate in the atmosphere: a review
Isocyanic acid (HNCO) has recently been identified in ambient air at potentially concerning concentrations for human health. Since its first atmospheric detection, significant progress has been made in understanding its sources and sinks.
Emerging investigator series: towards a framework for establishing the impacts of pharmaceuticals in wastewater irrigation systems on agro-ecosystems and human health
Use of reclaimed wastewater for agricultural irrigation is seen as an attractive option to meet agricultural water demands of a growing number of countries suffering from water scarcity.
Methane emissions: choosing the right climate metric and time horizon
We compare and make recommendations for the use of different climate metrics and time horizons with respect to methane emissions, applying to a case study of LNG as a shipping fuel.
Sunlight-mediated inactivation of health-relevant microorganisms in water: a review of mechanisms and modeling approaches
Inactivation occurs via direct and indirect processes in sunlit waters.
Environmental fate and exposure models: advances and challenges in 21st century chemical risk assessment
Twenty-five years of progress in modeling the environmental fate and exposure of organic contaminants is reviewed, and a strategy for more rapidly adopting scientific progress into regulatory models is proposed.
Provenance of drinking water revealed through compliance sampling
First use of drinking water compliance samples for hydrochemistry. Distinct groundwater–surface water split. Samples show water provenance.
The behaviour of irrigation induced Se in the groundwater-soil-plant system in Punjab, India
Selenium species transformation is the key to understand the strong long-term Se enrichment in soils and its critical transfer into plants.
Comparison of analytical techniques to explain variability in stored drinking water quality and microbial hand contamination of female caregivers in Tanzania
Identifying explanatory variables of stored drinking water quality and hand contamination in Bagamoyo, Tanzania using 3 different modeling techniques.
Bromoanisoles and methoxylated bromodiphenyl ethers in macroalgae from Nordic coastal regions
The content of bromoanisoles and methoxylated bromodiphenyl ethers varies by orders of magnitude among sixteen species of macroalgae collected from Nordic coastal waters.
Dietary exposure to silver nitrate compared to two forms of silver nanoparticles in rainbow trout: bioaccumulation potential with minimal physiological effects
Overall, fish showed more Ag accumulation from AgNO3 and Ag NP exposures compared to the Ag2S NP treatment.
The food additive E171 and titanium dioxide nanoparticles indirectly alter the homeostasis of human intestinal epithelial cells in vitro
Repeated exposure to E171 or TiO2-NPs, in vitro, induce moderate inflammation and mucus secretion in intestinal cells.
Surface-controlled dissolution rates: a case study of nanoceria in carboxylic acid solutions
Nanoparticle dissolution in local milieu can affect its ecotoxicity and therapeutic applications.
Global transport of perfluoroalkyl acids via sea spray aerosol
Sea spray aerosols can act as a vector for sea-to-land transport of perfluorinated alkyl acids via the atmosphere.
Effect of bicarbonate and phosphate on arsenic release from mining-impacted sediments in the Cheyenne River watershed, South Dakota, USA
We investigated the effect of competing environmentally relevant anions (PO43−,HCO3−) on the release of As from solids (WW, DR) collected from the Cheyenne River watershed exposed to surface oxidizing conditions.
Updated and validated solar irradiance reference spectra for estimating environmental photodegradation rates
Irradiance reference spectra are used to calculate environmentally relevant photodegradation half-lives, but the currently used spectra were originally published in the 1980s with limited validation.
Urban sources of synthetic musk compounds to the environment
Synthetic musk compounds found in ambient air and surface tributary waters may due to emissions from indoor air and release from wastewater treatment plant.
Microphysics of the aqueous bulk counters the water activity driven rate acceleration of bromide oxidation by ozone from 289–245 K
Microphysics of the aqueous bulk counters rate acceleration of bromide oxidation by ozone at low temperatures.
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances and fluorine mass balance in cosmetic products from the Swedish market: implications for environmental emissions and human exposure
Occurrence of PFASs, total fluorine and extractable organic fluorine in cosmetic products and their importance to human and environmental exposure.
Determination of polar organic micropollutants in surface and pore water by high-resolution sampling-direct injection-ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
A new method was developed for in situ characterization of polar organic micropollutants in hyporheic pore water at high spatial and temporal resolution.
Cloud droplet activation of organic–salt mixtures predicted from two model treatments of the droplet surface
A new monolayer model predicts the bulk-surface partitioning, surface composition, and thickness of droplets comprising chemically unresolved, atmospherically relevant organic aerosols.
Differences in bulk and microscale yttrium speciation in coal combustion fly ash
Yttrium speciation in coal fly ash differs depending on the scale of the analysis.
Evaluating the consumption of chemical products and articles as proxies for diffuse emissions to the environment
The lack of knowledge on chemicals in products hampers effective chemical management.
Inter-individual, inter-city, and temporal trends of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in human milk from Swedish mothers between 1972 and 2016
Inter-individual, inter-city, and temporal trends (1972–2016) in PFAS concentrations were examined in human milk from Sweden.
Spatial variation in the atmospheric deposition of perfluoroalkyl acids: source elucidation through analysis of isomer patterns
Perfluorooctanoic acid present in the atmosphere stems from both telomer and electrochemical fluorination manufacturing.
Predicting global scale exposure of humans to PCB 153 from historical emissions
Modeled global concentrations of PCB-153 in human milk agree with measurements within a factor 4 for 49 of 78 observations.
Mining legacy across a wetland landscape: high mercury in Upper Peninsula (Michigan) rivers, lakes, and fish
A geographic enigma is that atmospheric deposition of mercury is low and declining in the Upper Peninsula although total mercury (THg) and (MeHg) levels are high in waters and fish.
Temporal trends of halogenated flame retardants in the atmosphere of the Canadian Great Lakes Basin (2005–2014)
Temporal and spatial trends of total air concentrations (gas + particle) of halogenated flame retardants at the Canadian Great Lakes Basin were assessed (2005–2014).
High-throughput evaluation of organic contaminant removal efficiency in a wastewater treatment plant using direct injection UHPLC-Orbitrap-MS/MS
Removal efficiency can be estimated from non-target data using the ratio of peak areas in effluent and influent.
Development and validation of a simulation method, PeCHREM, for evaluating spatio-temporal concentration changes of paddy herbicides in rivers
A model simulating high-resolution concentration changes of various herbicides in Japan was developed and validated.
A critical assessment of the environmental fate of linear and cyclic volatile methylsiloxanes using multimedia fugacity models
Modeled residence times of volatile methyl siloxanes exceed several persistence criteria in aquatic environments.
Variations in serum concentrations of selected organochlorines among delivering women in Argentina. The EMASAR study
The EMASAR study is the first study to describe the body burden of OCs in Argentinian women after delivery.
Indigenous 14C-phenanthrene biodegradation in “pristine” woodland and grassland soils from Norway and the United Kingdom
In this study, the indigenous microbial mineralisation of 14C-phenanthrene in seven background soils (four from Norwegian woodland and three from the UK (two grasslands and one woodland)) was investigated.
Transferring mixtures of chemicals from sediment to a bioassay using silicone-based passive sampling and dosing
Environmental mixtures of chemicals consist of a countless number of compounds with unknown identity and quantity.
Long-range transport clusters and positive matrix factorization source apportionment for investigating transboundary PM2.5 in Gothenburg, Sweden
Contribution of PM2.5 from different sources and areas.
Environmental trends of metals and PCDD/Fs around a cement plant after alternative fuel implementation: human health risk assessment
This study aimed at evaluating the potential impact of a cement plant after 4 years of the employment of alternative fuel.
Effect of ageing on the properties and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon composition of biochar
Biochar field ageing changed PAH composition, generally decreased PAH leaching, and could not be simulated by lab ageing.
Arsenic in residential soil and household dust in Cornwall, south west England: potential human exposure and the influence of historical mining
Exposure to arsenic (As) via residential soil and dust is a global concern, in regions affected by mining or with elevated concentrations present in underlying geology.
Aqueous singlet oxygen reaction kinetics of furfuryl alcohol: effect of temperature, pH, and salt content
The rate constant for the reaction between furfuryl alcohol (FFA) and singlet oxygen (1O2) in aqueous solution was measured as a function of temperature, pH and salt content employing both steady-state photolysis (β value determination) and time-resolved singlet oxygen phosphorescence methods.
A strategic screening approach to identify transformation products of organic micropollutants formed in natural waters
Many transformation products (TPs) from organic micropollutants are not included in routine environmental monitoring programs due to limited knowledge of their occurrence and fate.
Oxidation potentials of phenols and anilines: correlation analysis of electrochemical and theoretical values
New experimental and theoretical oxidation potentials for substituted phenols and anilines give improved correlations to kinetic data with manganese oxides.
Atmospheric oxidation of halogenated aromatics: comparative analysis of reaction mechanisms and reaction kinetics
This study provides valuable insight into the mechanism of tropospheric degradation and fate of halogenated aromatic systems.
About this collection
Please see below for recent Open Access papers published in Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts.