Themed collection Energy and Environmental Science Recent Review Articles
The significance of detecting imperceptible physical/chemical changes/reactions in lithium-ion batteries: a perspective
The lifetime of Li-ion batteries (LIBs) is highly dependent on the imperceptible physical/chemical changes/reactions that occur on/between the electrodes and electrolyte.
The quest for the holy grail of solid-state lithium batteries
Tremendous improvements in the Li+ conductivity of inorganic solid electrolytes over the past 15 years have renewed interest in developing solid state batteries, with a particular focus on realizing the lithium metal anode.
Layered 2D PtX2 (X = S, Se, Te) for the electrocatalytic HER in comparison with Mo/WX2 and Pt/C: are we missing the bigger picture?
A critical perspective that questions the use of PtX2 for the HER when we have a better performing Pt/C while analysing the potential ways in which PtX2 can actually be better than Pt/C.
Perspective on the hydrogen economy as a pathway to reach net-zero CO2 emissions in Europe
The envisioned role of hydrogen in the energy transition – or the concept of a hydrogen economy – has varied through the years.
Designing wearable microgrids: towards autonomous sustainable on-body energy management
Inspired by traditional energy-autonomous microgrids, this perspective summarizes the key design and energy-budgeting considerations and outlook of integrated wearable systems.
Electrocatalytic CO2 reduction: role of the cross-talk at nano-carbon interfaces
CO2RR is enhanced by the unique role of carbon nanostructures cooperating with metal and metal-oxide active phases to leverage charge transfer, reagent diffusion and structural stability, regulating a successful asset of interfacial interactions.
Intelligence-assisted predesign for the sustainable recycling of lithium-ion batteries and beyond
Intelligence-assisted predesign for economically and environmentally sustainable recycling of spent lithium-ion batteries and beyond.
Addressing energy storage needs at lower cost via on-site thermal energy storage in buildings
Energy storage needs to support commercial and residential buildings in the U.S. in 2050 for various 100% renewable energy scenarios.
Strategies towards enabling lithium metal in batteries: interphases and electrodes
Perspective on recent improvements in experiment and theory towards realizing lithium metal electrodes with liquid electrolytes.
Seawater electrolysis for hydrogen production: a solution looking for a problem?
This study assesses research and development needs for direct seawater electrolysis from energy, cost and environmental aspects and presents a forward-looking perspective on future R&D priorities in desalination and electrolysis technologies.
Towards circular carbo-chemicals – the metamorphosis of petrochemicals
The petrochemical industry must transition into a circular carbo-chemical industry to respond to three main challenges: shifting hydrocarbon stock, climate change and circular economy.
Durability of anion exchange membrane water electrolyzers
Understanding the durability-limiting factors of anion exchange membrane water electrolyzers operating under pure water-, KOH- and K2CO3-fed conditions.
Solar fuels and feedstocks: the quest for renewable black gold
Photocatalysis is capable of C–C, C–O, and C–N bond transformations and has the potential to drive light-activated feedstock chemical production.
Optimisation of sodium-based energy storage cells using pre-sodiation: a perspective on the emerging field
This perspective discusses how the tool of pre-sodiation can improve sodium-based electrochemical cells; the pros and cons of available pre-sodiation methods are then evaluated.
Reducing cobalt from lithium-ion batteries for the electric vehicle era
This perspective discusses the challenges to, and strategies for, the commercially viable development of these three classes of cathodes for LIBs.
Enabling large-scale hydrogen storage in porous media – the scientific challenges
This article identifies and discusses the scientific challenges of hydrogen storage in porous media for safe and efficient large-scale energy storage to enable a global hydrogen economy.
Laboratory protocols for measuring and reporting the performance of luminescent solar concentrators
Recommendation of standardised experiments for adoption by all researchers on luminescent solar concentrators to unify reporting and legitimise the field.
Energy transfer in ternary blend organic solar cells: recent insights and future directions
Resonance energy transfer in ternary blend organic solar cells is discussed by drawing parallels from natural photosynthetic proteins.
Guidelines for performing lignin-first biorefining
With these guidelines, we aim to unite the lignin-first biorefining research field around best practices for performing or reporting feedstock analysis, reactor design, catalyst performance, and product yields.
Pseudo-solid-state electrolytes utilizing the ionic liquid family for rechargeable batteries
This review summarises the properties and electrochemical performance of pseudo-solid-state electrolytes prepared using ionic liquids, along with insights into design strategies to improve their application in various secondary batteries.
Porous crystalline frameworks for thermocatalytic CO2 reduction: an emerging paradigm
A comprehensive and critical analysis of thermocatalytic CO2 reduction over heterogeneous catalysts derived from porous crystalline frameworks.
Strategies to activate inert nitrogen molecules for efficient ammonia electrosynthesis: current status, challenges, and perspectives
This review emphasizes the strategies to activate N2 molecules in view of microscopic electron effects, macroscopic external field effects, local microenvironment regulation, and characterization techniques.
Hydrogen liquefaction: a review of the fundamental physics, engineering practice and future opportunities
Hydrogen is emerging as one of the most promising energy carriers for a decarbonised global energy system.
Strategies in cell design and operation for the electrosynthesis of ammonia: status and prospects
Our review manuscript based on 190 references gives a status update regarding all the cell design types currently in use, and discusses the impact of diverse cell components (cathode catalyst layer, membrane, electrodes) and operating conditions on NH3 electrosynthesis.
PEM Fuel cell and electrolysis cell technologies and hydrogen infrastructure development – a review
This review presents the current status of PEM fuel cell & electrolysis cell technologies, along with the H2 infrastructure, describes their similarities & differences in structures, materials, and fundamentals, and outlines challenges/opportunities.
Perovskites for protonic ceramic fuel cells: a review
This review rearranges the most important fundamentals in PCFCs based on perovskite-type oxides, provides recent advances in the rational design of perovskite materials, and proposes some perspectives in the research of PCFCs.
Flexible solid-state hybrid supercapacitors for the internet of everything (IoE)
The review provides the recent progress of flexible solid-state hybrid supercapacitors for portable and wearable energy storage devices in terms of design and performance with their state-of-the-art commercialized products for IoE applications.
Historical development and novel concepts on electrolytes for aqueous rechargeable batteries
In battery systems, aqueous electrolytes are superior in ionic conductivity, interfacial wettability, safety and environmentally benign compared to organic liquids, polymers, inorganic solid-state and ionic liquid electrolytes.
Catalytic selective ring opening of polyaromatics for cleaner transportation fuels
Selective ring opening (SRO) catalysts transform polycyclic molecules in low grade oil to produce cleaner burning diesel fuel. Mechanistic insight, structure-reactivity relationships, catalyst design, and future opportunities for pyrolysis oil refining from municipal solid waste are discussed.
Challenges and advances in wide-temperature rechargeable lithium batteries
Building rechargeable lithium batteries for wide-temperature applications requires us to investigate the battery failure mechanism at low/high temperature, design advanced electrode/electrolyte materials, and optimize the battery management system.
Direct air capture: process technology, techno-economic and socio-political challenges
This comprehensive review appraises the state-of-the-art in direct air capture materials, processes, economics, sustainability, and policy, to inform, challenge and inspire a broad audience of researchers, practitioners, and policymakers.
Evaluating the effectiveness of in situ characterization techniques in overcoming mechanistic limitations in lithium–sulfur batteries
Li–S batteries hold great promise for electric vehicles but complex reaction mechanisms during operation have, to date, prevented commercialization. In situ techniques provide insights that may overcome these limitations.
Carrier grain boundary scattering in thermoelectric materials
This review gives a comprehensive understanding of carrier grain boundary scattering in thermoelectric materials. Moreover, the difference between grain boundary scattering and ionized impurity scattering and how to distinguish them are highlighted.
Toward low-cost biological and hybrid biological/catalytic conversion of cellulosic biomass to fuels
Hybrid processes, featuring biological conversion of lignocellulose to small molecules followed by chemo-catalytic conversion to larger molecules suitable for difficult-to-electrify transport modes, are a promising route to biomass-derived fuels in demand for climate stabilization.
Chemical stability of sulfide solid-state electrolytes: stability toward humid air and compatibility with solvents and binders
Sulfide solid electrolyte (S-SE) based all-solid-state batteries (ASSBs) have received particular attention due to their outstanding ionic conductivity and higher energy density over conventional lithium-ion batteries.
Solar fuels: research and development strategies to accelerate photocatalytic CO2 conversion into hydrocarbon fuels
Photocatalytic CO2 conversion is vital technology to realize global carbon neutrality and generate future energy supplies. This review proposes fundamentals, challenges, strategies, and prospects for photocatalytic CO2 conversion research.
Liquid electrolyte development for low-temperature lithium-ion batteries
A review on liquid electrolyte design for LIBs operating under low-temperature (<0 °C) conditions. Covers various processes that determine performance below 0 °C and recent literature on electrolyte-based strategies to improve said performance.
Assessing the value of electric vehicle managed charging: a review of methodologies and results
Electric vehicle managed charging can benefit all consumers by supporting grid planning, operation, and reliability – especially complementing high-renewable systems.
Strategies of regulating Zn2+ solvation structures for dendrite-free and side reaction-suppressed zinc-ion batteries
This review gives a comprehensive introduction of the solvation structure regulation strategies for dendrite-free and side reaction-suppressed zinc-ion batteries, and further proposes the potential directions and perspectives for further research.
Panoramic insights into semi-artificial photosynthesis: origin, development, and future perspective
This review comprehensively elaborates the modes of semi-artificial photosynthetic systems (SAPSs) based on the different combinations of photosensitizers and catalytic centers for energy and environmental application.
Crystallization kinetics modulation and defect suppression of all-inorganic CsPbX3 perovskite films
The recent research progress in film quality optimization strategies and the investigations of the film formation mechanism in all-inorganic CsPbX3 perovskite solar cells are systematically reviewed.
High-temperature polyimide dielectric materials for energy storage: theory, design, preparation and properties
Dielectric capacitors with a high operating temperature applied in electric vehicles, aerospace and underground exploration require dielectric materials with high temperature resistance and high energy density.
Development of encapsulation strategies towards the commercialization of perovskite solar cells
Systematic encapsulation of PVSK solar cells is comprehensively reviewed by considering external encapsulation against H2O/O2 intrusion, along with internal encapsulation to improve the intrinsic stabilities of their constituting layers.
Current density in solar fuel technologies
Current density as figure-of-merit to analyze solar-to-fuel direct conversion devices for H2O, CO2 and N2 utilization.
Assessment and progress of polyanionic cathodes in aqueous sodium batteries
An assessment of the latest ground-breaking advances of polyanionic materials as cathodes for aqueous sodium-ion batteries is given. Future research directions and challenges on material development are provided.
Wide-bandgap organic–inorganic hybrid and all-inorganic perovskite solar cells and their application in all-perovskite tandem solar cells
We summarize the progress in organic–inorganic hybrid and all-inorganic wide-Eg perovskite solar cells. Key challenges and effective strategies are discussed, followed by applications in tandems. We outline perspectives to design superior devices.
Regulation methods for the Zn/electrolyte interphase and the effectiveness evaluation in aqueous Zn-ion batteries
The working principles of interphase strategies to enhance Zn reversibility are discussed. The effectiveness evaluation techniques, including electrochemical methods, characterization measurements, and computational simulations, are proposed.
Solution-processed perovskite thin-films: the journey from lab- to large-scale solar cells
This review explores perovskite crystallization in scalable deposition techniques, including blade, slot-die, spray coating, and inkjet printing.
Natural gas hydrate resources and hydrate technologies: a review and analysis of the associated energy and global warming challenges
The roles of natural gas hydrates and their related technologies in the future energy supply, carbon cycle and climate change mitigation.
Integration of redox cocatalysts for artificial photosynthesis
This review summarizes the design principle, emerging configurations, and photocatalytic applications of redox cocatalysts, and offers insights and perspectives on this topic.
Review and outlook on high-entropy alloys for hydrogen storage
High-entropy alloys (HEAs) are a new class of alloys that has been investigated for hydrogen storage. Here we discuss the design, synthesis, and hydrogen storage properties of HEAs studied to date.
Atomic heterointerface engineering overcomes the activity limitation of electrocatalysts and promises highly-efficient alkaline water splitting
This review summarizes the recent progress of atomic heterointerface engineering to overcome the activity limitation of electrocatalysts for water splitting and elaborates its electron effect and ensemble effect, etc.
Lessons learned from spiro-OMeTAD and PTAA in perovskite solar cells
Organic semiconductors have become essential parts of thin-film electronic devices, particularly as hole transport layers in perovskite solar cells where they represent one of the major bottlenecks to further enhancements in stability and efficiency.
Battery cost forecasting: a review of methods and results with an outlook to 2050
This review analyzes 53 publications that forecast battery cost and provides transparency on methodological and technological details.
Status and prospect of in situ and operando characterization of solid-state batteries
Advanced characterization of solid state batteries is necessary to uncover material transformation pathways at buried solid-solid interfaces.
Roles and opportunities for microbial anaerobic oxidation of methane in natural and engineered systems
Anaerobic oxidation of methane (AOM) is a crucial bioprocess in global methane mitigation. Adoption of AOM in an engineered system provides an opportunity for the development of methane-based biotechnologies.
Temporal-spatial-energy resolved advance multidimensional techniques to probe photovoltaic materials from atomistic viewpoint for next-generation energy solutions
Advanced characterization tools capable of probing material properties multi-dimensionally at high spatial, temporal and energy resolutions are presented.
Decoupled electrochemical water-splitting systems: a review and perspective
Decoupled electrochemical water splitting systems separate the hydrogen- and oxygen-evolution reactions spatially, temporally, or both, resulting in modular, flexible, and intrinsically safe electrolysis.
Lattice oxygen redox chemistry in solid-state electrocatalysts for water oxidation
Lattice oxygen redox chemistry in solid-state electrocatalysts rationalizes the remarkable OER activity by lattice oxygen-mediated mechanism. Here we elucidate the fundamental principle of this mechanism and summarize recently related developments.
Phase change material-integrated latent heat storage systems for sustainable energy solutions
This review highlights the broad and critical role of latent heat storage in sustainable energy systems including solar-thermal storage, electro-thermal storage, waste heat storage and thermal regulations.
Recent advanced skeletons in sodium metal anodes
The “host” modification strategy can guide homogeneous Na deposition, suppress dendrite formation and mitigate volume fluctuation. This work reviews the research progress of various skeleton materials for sodium metal anodes in recent years.
Progress and prospects of the morphology of non-fullerene acceptor based high-efficiency organic solar cells
This review summarizes the important morphological characteristics and recent research progress of non-fullerene acceptor based organic solar cells, as well as provides insights and perspectives on this topic.
Liquid metal batteries for future energy storage
A succinct but critical survey of the recent progress in LMBs is presented, comprising their intriguing electrode chemistries, underlying electrochemical behaviors with various electrolytes, and sophisticated electrode–electrolyte interfaces in the context of the most recent research and development.
Recent advances and challenges of inverted lead-free tin-based perovskite solar cells
Here, recent developments and future perspectives of inverted p–i–n Sn-based PSCs are reviewed, highlighting the roadblocks to progress and opportunities for future work.
Molecular engineering of carbonyl organic electrodes for rechargeable metal-ion batteries: fundamentals, recent advances, and challenges
A concise review discussing four molecular engineering strategies for a rational design of carbonyl electrodes is provided, encompassing key fundamentals, recent advances, and challenges for practical organic batteries.
The role of supercritical carbon dioxide for recovery of shale gas and sequestration in gas shale reservoirs
This review summarizes the potential and challenges of supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) enhanced shale gas recovery and sequestration in shale reservoirs.
Materials engineering for adsorption and catalysis in room-temperature Na–S batteries
Room-temperature sodium–sulfur (RT Na–S) batteries combine abundant natural resources, low cost, and outstanding energy density, thus attracting much research attention.
Role of oxygen-bound reaction intermediates in selective electrochemical CO2 reduction
The review presents the important role of oxygen-bound intermediates in directing the selectivity of electrochemical CO2 reduction by considering available theoretical calculations, electrochemical measurements and operando spectroscopy observations.
Engineering electrocatalyst nanosurfaces to enrich the activity by inducing lattice strain
Electrocatalysis undeniably offers noteworthy improvements to future energy conversion and storage technologies, such as fuel cells, water electrolyzers, and metal–air batteries.
Comprehensive understanding of the roles of water molecules in aqueous Zn-ion batteries: from electrolytes to electrode materials
This review summarizes the influences of water molecules during the energy storage process from the perspectives of the electrolyte, Zn anode, and cathode materials, including the basic theory, modification methods, and practical applications.
About this collection
Welcome to our rolling collection of Review and Perspective articles published in Energy & Environmental Science