Themed collection 2021 Energy and Environmental Science Review Articles

67 items
Open Access Perspective

Durability of anion exchange membrane water electrolyzers

Understanding the durability-limiting factors of anion exchange membrane water electrolyzers operating under pure water-, KOH- and K2CO3-fed conditions.

Graphical abstract: Durability of anion exchange membrane water electrolyzers
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Perspective

Solar fuels and feedstocks: the quest for renewable black gold

Photocatalysis is capable of C–C, C–O, and C–N bond transformations and has the potential to drive light-activated feedstock chemical production.

Graphical abstract: Solar fuels and feedstocks: the quest for renewable black gold
Perspective

Optimisation of sodium-based energy storage cells using pre-sodiation: a perspective on the emerging field

This perspective discusses how the tool of pre-sodiation can improve sodium-based electrochemical cells; the pros and cons of available pre-sodiation methods are then evaluated.

Graphical abstract: Optimisation of sodium-based energy storage cells using pre-sodiation: a perspective on the emerging field
Perspective

Reducing cobalt from lithium-ion batteries for the electric vehicle era

This perspective discusses the challenges to, and strategies for, the commercially viable development of these three classes of cathodes for LIBs.

Graphical abstract: Reducing cobalt from lithium-ion batteries for the electric vehicle era
Open Access Perspective

Enabling large-scale hydrogen storage in porous media – the scientific challenges

This article identifies and discusses the scientific challenges of hydrogen storage in porous media for safe and efficient large-scale energy storage to enable a global hydrogen economy.

Graphical abstract: Enabling large-scale hydrogen storage in porous media – the scientific challenges
From the themed collection: Recent Open Access Articles
Open Access Perspective

Laboratory protocols for measuring and reporting the performance of luminescent solar concentrators

Recommendation of standardised experiments for adoption by all researchers on luminescent solar concentrators to unify reporting and legitimise the field.

Graphical abstract: Laboratory protocols for measuring and reporting the performance of luminescent solar concentrators
Perspective

Energy transfer in ternary blend organic solar cells: recent insights and future directions

Resonance energy transfer in ternary blend organic solar cells is discussed by drawing parallels from natural photosynthetic proteins.

Graphical abstract: Energy transfer in ternary blend organic solar cells: recent insights and future directions
Open Access Perspective

Guidelines for performing lignin-first biorefining

With these guidelines, we aim to unite the lignin-first biorefining research field around best practices for performing or reporting feedstock analysis, reactor design, catalyst performance, and product yields.

Graphical abstract: Guidelines for performing lignin-first biorefining
Minireview

Porous crystalline frameworks for thermocatalytic CO2 reduction: an emerging paradigm

A comprehensive and critical analysis of thermocatalytic CO2 reduction over heterogeneous catalysts derived from porous crystalline frameworks.

Graphical abstract: Porous crystalline frameworks for thermocatalytic CO2 reduction: an emerging paradigm
Open Access Review Article

Up-scalable emerging energy conversion technologies enabled by 2D materials: from miniature power harvesters towards grid-connected energy systems

Emerging energy harvesters enabled by 2D materials distributed across different locations of an energy sustainable city, providing power for miniature IoT devices and contributing in on-grid electricity generation.

Graphical abstract: Up-scalable emerging energy conversion technologies enabled by 2D materials: from miniature power harvesters towards grid-connected energy systems
Review Article

Electrochemical energy storage devices working in extreme conditions

This review provides key scientific points and critical barriers for electrochemical ESSs under various extreme conditions, and corresponding rational strategies and promising directions to maintain satisfactory performance.

Graphical abstract: Electrochemical energy storage devices working in extreme conditions
Review Article

Pushing commercialization of perovskite solar cells by improving their intrinsic stability

This review provides a comprehensive understanding on degradation mechanisms related to intrinsic properties of perovskites and effective strategies for pushing commercialization of perovskite photovoltaic are summarized.

Graphical abstract: Pushing commercialization of perovskite solar cells by improving their intrinsic stability
Open Access Review Article

Accelerating organic solar cell material's discovery: high-throughput screening and big data

This review article presents the state-of-the-art in high-throughput computational and experimental screening routines with application in organic solar cells, including materials discovery, device optimization and machine-learning algorithms.

Graphical abstract: Accelerating organic solar cell material's discovery: high-throughput screening and big data
Review Article

Toward highly efficient and stable Sn2+ and mixed Pb2+/Sn2+ based halide perovskite solar cells through device engineering

Device engineering with various strategies is discussed in detail to improve the performance and stability of Sn2+-based perovskite solar cells.

Graphical abstract: Toward highly efficient and stable Sn2+ and mixed Pb2+/Sn2+ based halide perovskite solar cells through device engineering
Review Article

All-solid-state lithium batteries enabled by sulfide electrolytes: from fundamental research to practical engineering design

This review summarizes the latest fundamental research advances on all-solid-state lithium batteries with sulfide electrolytes and provides an energy-density-oriented roadmap for practical solid-state pouch cells.

Graphical abstract: All-solid-state lithium batteries enabled by sulfide electrolytes: from fundamental research to practical engineering design
Review Article

Passivation and process engineering approaches of halide perovskite films for high efficiency and stability perovskite solar cells

Recent advances on passivation and morphology engineering approaches adopted to obtain high efficiency and stability in perovskite solar cells are thoroughly reviewed.

Graphical abstract: Passivation and process engineering approaches of halide perovskite films for high efficiency and stability perovskite solar cells
Open Access Review Article

High-entropy energy materials: challenges and new opportunities

An overview of high-entropy materials for energy applications, including H2 catalysis and storage, CO2 conversion, O2 catalysis and electrochemical energy storage, is given and the challenges and opportunities within this field are discussed.

Graphical abstract: High-entropy energy materials: challenges and new opportunities
Open Access Review Article

Towards the digitalisation of porous energy materials: evolution of digital approaches for microstructural design

The digital transformation empowered by artificial intelligence will create huge opportunities for the porous energy materials research community.

Graphical abstract: Towards the digitalisation of porous energy materials: evolution of digital approaches for microstructural design
Review Article

Noble-metal single-atoms in thermocatalysis, electrocatalysis, and photocatalysis

This review summarizes the recent advances about noble-metal single-atom catalysts in thermocatalysis, electrocatalysis, and photocatalysis.

Graphical abstract: Noble-metal single-atoms in thermocatalysis, electrocatalysis, and photocatalysis
Review Article

Non-carbon-supported single-atom site catalysts for electrocatalysis

Non-carbon supported SACs were classified into eight categories based on the nature of their substrates for the first time, and their corresponding anchoring and stabilization mechanisms have been systematically summarized and discussed.

Graphical abstract: Non-carbon-supported single-atom site catalysts for electrocatalysis
Review Article

Pyrolysis-free polymer-based oxygen electrocatalysts

This review summarizes the fundamental and recent progress in optimizing pyrolysis-free polymer-based oxygen electrocatalysts with clear structure–performance relationships. The challenges and future directions in this field are also discussed.

Graphical abstract: Pyrolysis-free polymer-based oxygen electrocatalysts
Review Article

Ion regulation of ionic liquid electrolytes for supercapacitors

As a member of the liquid electrolyte family, ionic liquids (ILs) possess distinctive chemical and electrochemical stability, offering a pathway to realize supercapacitors (SCs) with both outstanding energy density and high safety.

Graphical abstract: Ion regulation of ionic liquid electrolytes for supercapacitors
Open Access Review Article

Palladium alloys used as electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction

This review provides an overview on Pd-based electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) through the scientometric analysis and critical review methods. The main focus is on activity regulation and synthetic methods.

Graphical abstract: Palladium alloys used as electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction
Review Article

A mechanistic study of electrode materials for rechargeable batteries beyond lithium ions by in situ transmission electron microscopy

This article summarizes the real-time information on electrodes, electrolytes and their interfaces of various rechargeable battery systems including heavier alkali ion, lithium-sulfur, alkali-metal oxygen and all-solid-state batteries made by in situ transmission electron microscopy.

Graphical abstract: A mechanistic study of electrode materials for rechargeable batteries beyond lithium ions by in situ transmission electron microscopy
Open Access Review Article

In situ polymerization process: an essential design tool for lithium polymer batteries

A comprehensive review article addressing the prospects of the in situ polymerization strategy as a tool for surpassing the challenges of electrode|electrolyte interfaces & interphases in lithium polymer batteries.

Graphical abstract: In situ polymerization process: an essential design tool for lithium polymer batteries
Review Article

Atomic-level insight into reasonable design of metal-based catalysts for hydrogen oxidation in alkaline electrolytes

Systematic understanding of the crucial roles of the atomic coordination, stacking and arrangement of metal-based electrocatalysts in the alkaline HOR process is provided.

Graphical abstract: Atomic-level insight into reasonable design of metal-based catalysts for hydrogen oxidation in alkaline electrolytes
Open Access Review Article

Passive, high-efficiency thermally-localized solar desalination

This review summarizes recent advances in passive thermally-localized solar desalination and provides a roadmap for more efficient, reliable, and commercially feasible solar desalination technologies.

Graphical abstract: Passive, high-efficiency thermally-localized solar desalination
Review Article

Transition metal-based bimetallic MOFs and MOF-derived catalysts for electrochemical oxygen evolution reaction

The review summarizes transition metal-based bimetallic MOFs and their derived materials as electrocatalytic materials for the OER. The mechanisms of the OER as probed by DFT calculation and in situ characterization techniques are also discussed.

Graphical abstract: Transition metal-based bimetallic MOFs and MOF-derived catalysts for electrochemical oxygen evolution reaction
Review Article

Gas diffusion electrodes (GDEs) for electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and dinitrogen to value-added products: a review

Opportunities, challenges and design criteria associated with Gas diffusion electrodes (GDEs) for various electrochemical applications.

Graphical abstract: Gas diffusion electrodes (GDEs) for electrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and dinitrogen to value-added products: a review
Review Article

Perfecting electrocatalysts via imperfections: towards the large-scale deployment of water electrolysis technology

A tuned electronic structure favors the electrocatalytic water splitting reaction via accelerating the reaction kinetics, changing the rate-determining step, and optimizing the adsorption energy for intermediates; this is achieved via intentionally incorporating imperfections into the crystal lattices of electrocatalysts.

Graphical abstract: Perfecting electrocatalysts via imperfections: towards the large-scale deployment of water electrolysis technology
Review Article

A review on the stability of inorganic metal halide perovskites: challenges and opportunities for stable solar cells

The composition, light, moisture and oxygen all affect the stability of metal halide inorganic perovskites, whose degradation mechanisms are significantly different from those of hybrid perovskites.

Graphical abstract: A review on the stability of inorganic metal halide perovskites: challenges and opportunities for stable solar cells
Review Article

Pyrolyzed M–Nx catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction: progress and prospects

This review showcases the recent progress in understanding and designing M–Nx/C electrocatalysts towards the ORR, aiming to provide some guidelines for their practical applications in PEMFCs.

Graphical abstract: Pyrolyzed M–Nx catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction: progress and prospects
Review Article

Potassium-ion batteries: outlook on present and future technologies

The limited resources and uneven distribution of lithium stimulate strong motivation to develop new rechargeable potassium-ion batteries that use alternative charge carriers.

Graphical abstract: Potassium-ion batteries: outlook on present and future technologies
Open Access Review Article

Life cycle assessment of carbon dioxide removal technologies: a critical review

This review provides a perspective on how to conduct future Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) studies of carbon dioxide removal technologies in a consistent way avoiding common mistakes, which should be addressed to aid informed decision making.

Graphical abstract: Life cycle assessment of carbon dioxide removal technologies: a critical review
Review Article

Emerging dynamic structure of electrocatalysts unveiled by in situ X-ray diffraction/absorption spectroscopy

This review proposed dynamic structural reconstruction/transformation routes for OER and CO2RR electrocatalysts based on in situ X-ray diffraction/absorption spectroscopy.

Graphical abstract: Emerging dynamic structure of electrocatalysts unveiled by in situ X-ray diffraction/absorption spectroscopy
Review Article

Recent progress on pristine metal/covalent-organic frameworks and their composites for lithium–sulfur batteries

Recent advances of MOFs/COFs in research towards Li–S batteries in terms of cathodes, electrolytes, separators, and Li anodes have been fully investigated.

Graphical abstract: Recent progress on pristine metal/covalent-organic frameworks and their composites for lithium–sulfur batteries
Review Article

Power generation for wearable systems

The mechanisms, figures of merit, and systems for wearable power generation are reviewed in this article. Future perspectives lie in breakthrough technologies of fiber electronics, fully printable, flexible SoC, and IoT-enabled self-awareness systems.

Graphical abstract: Power generation for wearable systems
Review Article

Two-birds-one-stone: multifunctional supercapacitors beyond traditional energy storage

A comprehensive overview on the recent progress of multifunctional supercapacitors which combine energy storage capability with other functions.

Graphical abstract: Two-birds-one-stone: multifunctional supercapacitors beyond traditional energy storage
Review Article

Untangling the respective effects of heteroatom-doped carbon materials in batteries, supercapacitors and the ORR to design high performance materials

Heteroatom-doped carbon materials (HDCMs) have been widely studied as some of the most prominent material candidates for use in a wide range of applications, such as batteries, supercapacitors (SCs), and the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR).

Graphical abstract: Untangling the respective effects of heteroatom-doped carbon materials in batteries, supercapacitors and the ORR to design high performance materials
Review Article

Engineering electrodes and metal halide perovskite materials for flexible/stretchable perovskite solar cells and light-emitting diodes

Perspectives and strategies of flexible/stretchable perovskite optoelectronics are suggested for portable or wearable applications.

Graphical abstract: Engineering electrodes and metal halide perovskite materials for flexible/stretchable perovskite solar cells and light-emitting diodes
Review Article

Polyoxometalates (POMs): from electroactive clusters to energy materials

Polyoxometalates as anionic molecular metal oxides clusters with open frameworks and rich redox chemistry have outstanding versatility in energy conversion and storage research.

Graphical abstract: Polyoxometalates (POMs): from electroactive clusters to energy materials
Review Article

Two-dimensional matrices confining metal single atoms with enhanced electrochemical reaction kinetics for energy storage applications

Cutting-edge applications involving the use of SAs@2D hybrids in various rechargeable batteries and related kinetics amelioration mechanisms are summarized in this review.

Graphical abstract: Two-dimensional matrices confining metal single atoms with enhanced electrochemical reaction kinetics for energy storage applications
Review Article

Advancing photoreforming of organics: highlights on photocatalyst and system designs for selective oxidation reactions

This review appraises recent literature and provides guidelines for the rational design of photocatalytic system for selective photoreforming reaction.

Graphical abstract: Advancing photoreforming of organics: highlights on photocatalyst and system designs for selective oxidation reactions
Review Article

Heterogeneous catalysts for CO2 hydrogenation to formic acid/formate: from nanoscale to single atom

This review provides an overview of advances on constructing heterogeneous nanostructured and single atom catalysts for CO2 hydrogenation to formic acid/formate. The main focus is placed on structure–activity correlations and mechanistic insights.

Graphical abstract: Heterogeneous catalysts for CO2 hydrogenation to formic acid/formate: from nanoscale to single atom
Review Article

Recent progress in tin-based perovskite solar cells

This work provides a comprehensive review on strategies like reducing agents, morphology control, compositional engineering and device engineering for fabricating efficient and stable tin-based perovskite solar cells.

Graphical abstract: Recent progress in tin-based perovskite solar cells
Review Article

Strategies to suppress hydrogen evolution for highly selective electrocatalytic nitrogen reduction: challenges and perspectives

This review underlines the strategies to suppress HER for selective NRR in view of proton-/electron-transfer kinetics, thermodynamics, and electrocatalyst design on the basis of deep understanding for NRR mechanisms.

Graphical abstract: Strategies to suppress hydrogen evolution for highly selective electrocatalytic nitrogen reduction: challenges and perspectives
Open Access Review Article

Enabling storage and utilization of low-carbon electricity: power to formic acid

Power to formic acid via CO2 hydrogenation or electrochemical CO2 reduction has great potential to enable a complete cycle with formic acid to power for the storage and utilization of low-carbon electricity at a scale of multi-gigatonnes per year.

Graphical abstract: Enabling storage and utilization of low-carbon electricity: power to formic acid
Review Article

Biomass-based materials for green lithium secondary batteries

This review summarizes the employment of different biomass materials for green lithium secondary batteries.

Graphical abstract: Biomass-based materials for green lithium secondary batteries
Open Access Review Article

Recent advances in ion selectivity with capacitive deionization

Fishing ions: this review provides a comprehensive analysis of different approaches in utilizing capacitive deionization (CDI) for selective ion separations and ion removal.

Graphical abstract: Recent advances in ion selectivity with capacitive deionization
Review Article

Regulating the oxidation state of nanomaterials for electrocatalytic CO2 reduction

Recent advances in regulating the oxidation state of nanocatalysts for enhanced CO2 electroreduction has been comprehensively reviewed.

Graphical abstract: Regulating the oxidation state of nanomaterials for electrocatalytic CO2 reduction
Open Access Review Article

Challenges in the use of hydrogen for maritime applications

Hydrogen is reviewed as a possible new marine fuel, with emphasis on the challenges concerning sustainable production, on board use and safety and specifically the challenges concerning hydrogen storage.

Graphical abstract: Challenges in the use of hydrogen for maritime applications
Review Article

Engineering nanoreactors for metal–chalcogen batteries

This review examines the latest research on the design and engineering of nanoreactors for application in metal–chalcogen batteries.

Graphical abstract: Engineering nanoreactors for metal–chalcogen batteries
Open Access Review Article

Electrochemical carbon dioxide capture to close the carbon cycle

An overview of the state-of-the-art for capturing CO2via electrochemical routes.

Graphical abstract: Electrochemical carbon dioxide capture to close the carbon cycle
Review Article

Fiber-based thermoelectrics for solid, portable, and wearable electronics

This review comprehensively summarizes the recent progress of fiber-based thermoelectric materials and devices for solid, portable, and wearable electronics.

Graphical abstract: Fiber-based thermoelectrics for solid, portable, and wearable electronics
Review Article

Recent advances in innovative strategies for the CO2 electroreduction reaction

This review underlines innovative design strategies for CO2RR system, also distinctively presents the current status and new trend.

Graphical abstract: Recent advances in innovative strategies for the CO2 electroreduction reaction
Review Article

Recent progress in electrochemical synthesis of ammonia from nitrogen: strategies to improve the catalytic activity and selectivity

A systematic summary of strategies to improve the performance of electrochemical NRR catalysts and NRR catalytic systems.

Graphical abstract: Recent progress in electrochemical synthesis of ammonia from nitrogen: strategies to improve the catalytic activity and selectivity
Review Article

Recent advances and perspectives on thin electrolytes for high-energy-density solid-state lithium batteries

This review summarizes the recent progress of thin solid-state electrolytes for high energy-density solid-state lithium batteries.

Graphical abstract: Recent advances and perspectives on thin electrolytes for high-energy-density solid-state lithium batteries
Review Article

Electro-chemo-mechanics of lithium in solid state lithium metal batteries

This review summarizes the impact of the electro-chemo-mechanics of lithium on dendrites and interfaces in solid state lithium metal batteries.

Graphical abstract: Electro-chemo-mechanics of lithium in solid state lithium metal batteries
Review Article

Toward commercial-level mass-loading electrodes for supercapacitors: opportunities, challenges and perspectives

This review decouples the fundamental mechanisms and bottleneck issues toward commercial-level mass-loading supercapacitors. Also, the involved impressive strategies and forward-looking perspectives are summarized and clarified.

Graphical abstract: Toward commercial-level mass-loading electrodes for supercapacitors: opportunities, challenges and perspectives
Review Article

Interlayers for non-fullerene based polymer solar cells: distinctive features and challenges

The interlayer materials used in non-fullerene based solar cells are reviewed and the peculiar mechanisms operating in these systems are discussed.

Graphical abstract: Interlayers for non-fullerene based polymer solar cells: distinctive features and challenges
Review Article

Machine learning for high performance organic solar cells: current scenario and future prospects

In this review, current research status about the machine learning use in organic solar cell research is reviewed. We have discussed the challenges in anticipating the data driven material design.

Graphical abstract: Machine learning for high performance organic solar cells: current scenario and future prospects
Open Access Review Article

Photovoltatronics: intelligent PV-based devices for energy and information applications

Electrification and digitization are two significant trends in the energy sector. Photovoltatronics unites these trends by combining solar electricity generation and information communication in PV-based intelligent energy agents.

Graphical abstract: Photovoltatronics: intelligent PV-based devices for energy and information applications
Review Article

Emerging perovskite quantum dot solar cells: feasible approaches to boost performance

This review comprehensively summarizes the advances of emerging perovskite quantum dot solar cells, and various strategies applied to improve the device performance of PQDSCs are discussed.

Graphical abstract: Emerging perovskite quantum dot solar cells: feasible approaches to boost performance
Review Article

Epitaxial halide perovskite-based materials for photoelectric energy conversion

A review on epitaxial perovskite structures from material combinations and structural motifs to photoelectric energy conversion applications.

Graphical abstract: Epitaxial halide perovskite-based materials for photoelectric energy conversion
Review Article

Photocatalytic and electrocatalytic transformations of C1 molecules involving C–C coupling

Photocatalysis and electrocatalysis have been emerging as important methods for the transformation of abundant C1 molecules into high-value C2+ compounds.

Graphical abstract: Photocatalytic and electrocatalytic transformations of C1 molecules involving C–C coupling
Review Article

Sodium transition metal oxides: the preferred cathode choice for future sodium-ion batteries?

This work provides guidance on controlling anionic redox activity and finding novel high-capacity transition metal oxide cathodes for sodium-ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Sodium transition metal oxides: the preferred cathode choice for future sodium-ion batteries?
Review Article

Reducing the thickness of solid-state electrolyte membranes for high-energy lithium batteries

This review summarizes the strategies to reduce the thickness of solid-state electrolytes for the fabrication of high energy-density solid-state batteries.

Graphical abstract: Reducing the thickness of solid-state electrolyte membranes for high-energy lithium batteries
67 items

About this collection

Welcome to our 2021 rolling collection of Review and Perspective articles published in Energy & Environmental Science.

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