The Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde of lithium sulfur batteries
Although the concept of a lithium–sulfur (Li–S) battery promises an energy density surpassing that of conventional Li-ion cells, prototype cells have lagged far behind.
A phytophotonic approach to enhanced photosynthesis
Novel means of using photoluminescent materials to increase photosynthetic efficiency are proposed and evaluated.
Towards more environmentally and socially responsible batteries
In this perspective, we propose a holistic framework for assessing battery sustainability and offer recommendations for developing battery chemistries and components that are more environmentally and socially responsible.
Learning from existing photovoltaic technologies to identify alternative perovskite module designs
This perspective shines light on alternative module designs, discussing their pros & cons.
Durability challenges of anion exchange membrane fuel cells
This perspective provides information on durability challenges and future actions of anion exchange membrane fuel cells.
Metal–organic frameworks for solid-state electrolytes
This perspective highlights the application of MOFs for solid-state electrolytes, emphasizing their advantages, challenges and future directions.
Lead-free perovskite solar cells enabled by hetero-valent substitutes
In this perspective, we present strategies that foster the expulsion of lead from perovskites to obtain a non-hazardous active material.
Challenges and opportunities for an efficiency boost of next generation Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells: prospects for a paradigm shift
A perspective on some strategies to trigger new developments for the next generation of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 solar cells is presented.
Preventing phase segregation in mixed-halide perovskites: a perspective
Halide segregation represents a severe stability problem for certain mixed-halide perovskites. Here we explore a myriad of methods for mitigating halide segregation, including several largely unexplored approaches that show significant promise.
The relative insignificance of advanced materials in enhancing the energy efficiency of desalination technologies
We reveal the insignificance of advanced materials in further enhancing the energy efficiency of desalination and suggest more impactful approaches.
Molecular aspects of organic cations affecting the humidity stability of perovskites
Manipulation of organic cations and dimensional flexibility can improve the humidity stability of perovskites.
Chemical looping beyond combustion – a perspective
Facilitated by redox catalysts capable of catalytic reactions and reactive separation, chemical looping offers exciting opportunities for intensified chemical production.
Transforming the carbon economy: challenges and opportunities in the convergence of low-cost electricity and reductive CO2 utilization
Renewable electricity can be leveraged to produce fuels and chemicals from CO2, offering sustainable routes to reduce the carbon intensity of our energy and products-driven economy.
Two-dimensional organic–inorganic superlattice-like heterostructures for energy storage applications
Recent progress in 2D organic–inorganic superlattices by alternate stacking of organic layers and inorganic sheets is reviewed.
Electrocatalyst design for aprotic Li–CO2 batteries
Electrocatalyst design is reviewed in terms of intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Additionally, potential AI-/descriptor-based search for materials is discussed.
Material perceptions and advances in molecular heteroacenes for organic solar cells
This review showcases the development of heteroacene-based molecular materials and their role in high performance binary, ternary, tandem and semitransparent organic solar cells.
Heteroatom-doped carbon catalysts for zinc–air batteries: progress, mechanism, and opportunities
This review presents the recent progress in advanced bifunctional heteroatom-doped carbon catalysts for rechargeable aqueous and all-solid-state Zn–air batteries, along with current challenges and future perspectives in the field.
Controlling the crystallization dynamics of photovoltaic perovskite layers on larger-area coatings
This review highlights the importance of controlling the crystallization dynamics for the deposition of high-quality photovoltaic perovskite layers on larger-area coatings.
Regulating the coordination structure of metal single atoms for efficient electrocatalytic CO2 reduction
An in-depth summary about the regulation of the coordination structure in single atom catalysts for the CO2RR is summarized.
Fundamentals and perspectives in developing zinc-ion battery electrolytes: a comprehensive review
The fundamentals and perspectives in developing zinc-ion electrolyte have been comprehensively revealed, include the basic characteristics, electrolyte/electrode interfaces, practical consideration and future perspectives.
Recent advances in nanostructured transition metal phosphides: synthesis and energy-related applications
This review provides an overview of recent advances in the synthesis and diverse energy-related applications of nanostructured transition metal phosphides.
Optimization strategies of composite phase change materials for thermal energy storage, transfer, conversion and utilization
Thermal energy harvesting technologies based on composite phase change materials (PCMs) are capable of harvesting tremendous amounts of thermal energy via isothermal phase transitions, thus showing enormous potential in the design of state-of-the-art renewable energy infrastructure.
Solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) in potassium ion batteries
A review on the current understanding of the K-ion SEI with detailed analysis and insights on the unexplored areas of research.
Li-rich cathodes for rechargeable Li-based batteries: reaction mechanisms and advanced characterization techniques
This review summarizes the history and critical working mechanisms of Li-rich oxides with a special focus on anionic redox reactions.
Prospects of lead-free perovskite-inspired materials for photovoltaic applications
This review provides the reported key strategies to replace lead in solution-processed photovoltaic systems, achieving perovskite-related metal-halide structures.
Multiscale factors in designing alkali-ion (Li, Na, and K) transition metal inorganic compounds for next-generation rechargeable batteries
This review provides well-organized and up-to-date information about the key factors influencing the properties and performances of alkali-ion transition metal inorganic cathode materials by encompassing a wide scope from atomic to microscopic levels.
Revitalising sodium–sulfur batteries for non-high-temperature operation: a crucial review
We review the working mechanisms, opportunity and challenges of intermediate-temperature and room-temperature sodium–sulfur batteries for low-cost energy storage.
Toward ideal hole transport materials: a review on recent progress in dopant-free hole transport materials for fabricating efficient and stable perovskite solar cells
A review on the fundamental understanding and rational design of ideal, dopant-free HTMs for fabricating efficient and stable perovskite solar cells.
Recent advances in developing organic electrode materials for multivalent rechargeable batteries
This review summarizes state-of-the-art organic electrode materials in multivalent rechargeable batteries and discusses the correlation between structure and performance.
Two-dimensional nonlayered materials for electrocatalysis
Two-dimensional nonlayered materials afford unique structural and electrocatalytic advantages toward hydrogen evolution, oxygen evolution, oxygen reduction, and CO2 reduction.
Interface engineering of inorganic solid-state electrolytes for high-performance lithium metal batteries
This review presents the mechanisms, challenges, strategies, and perspectives in the interface engineering of inorganic-based solid-state Li metal batteries.
Defect passivation strategies in perovskites for an enhanced photovoltaic performance
Passivation strategies, including film formation, post-treatment and interlayer engineering, are summarized based on an overview of the variety of defects in PSCs.
Efficiency progress of inverted perovskite solar cells
A comprehensive review on the efficiency progress of inverted perovskite solar cells towards future development and commercialization.
Low-temperature carbon-based electrodes in perovskite solar cells
This work summarizes recent progress of low-temperature carbon-based electrodes in perovskite photovoltaic devices and their great up-scalability potential.
Deeply understanding the Zn anode behaviour and corresponding improvement strategies in different aqueous Zn-based batteries
The differences and similarities of the Zn electrode in both alkaline and mild electrolytes have been thoroughly clarified.
Operando characterization techniques for electrocatalysis
Significant progress toward the understanding of the electrochemical process has been achieved in the past decades, owning to the advancements in operando characterization techniques.
Metal oxide-based materials as an emerging family of hydrogen evolution electrocatalysts
Metal oxide-based materials are emerging as a promising family of hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalysts.
Earth-abundant Cu-based metal oxide photocathodes for photoelectrochemical water splitting
In this review, we discuss the merits and major challenges of p-type binary and ternary Cu-based metal oxide photocathodes and present the latest research effort in modifying the materials towards high-performance photocathodes.
Challenges in the material and structural design of zinc anode towards high-performance aqueous zinc-ion batteries
This review summarizes recent progresses in material and structural designs of zinc anodes for high-performance aqueous zinc-ion batteries.
Cu2Se-Based liquid-like thermoelectric materials: looking back and stepping forward
This review summarizes the recent advances and future challenges for Cu2Se-based thermoelectric materials.
Power-to-liquid via synthesis of methanol, DME or Fischer–Tropsch-fuels: a review
A review of power-to-liquid for methanol, DME and FT-fuels focusing on commercial synthesis technologies and current power-to-liquid concepts.
Seawater electrolyte-based metal–air batteries: from strategies to applications
For applying metal–air batteries using seawater-based electrolytes, the influence of chloride anions on the ORR/OER electrocatalytic mechanisms and rational design strategies for chloride-resistant electrocatalysts are summarized.
Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution under neutral pH conditions: current understandings, recent advances, and future prospects
This review summarizes the latest advances in hydrogen evolution reaction under neutral conditions to enlighten future researches.
Quantitative isotope measurements in heterogeneous photocatalysis and electrocatalysis
The quantitative isotope measurement has emerged as a powerful toolbox for molecular-level understanding of reaction mechanisms in photocatalysis and electrocatalysis.
Emerging triboelectric nanogenerators for ocean wave energy harvesting: state of the art and future perspectives
This review details the groundwork made in the most recent years on the development of TENGs for wave energy conversion systems and discusses future perspectives in the scope of autonomous, self-powered sensor buoys and other offshore floating platforms.
Electroanalytical methods and their hyphenated techniques for novel ion battery anode research
An overview of the recent electroanalytical methods and their hyphenated techniques for the characterization of novel ion battery anodes is presented.
Photoinduced charge transfer in transition metal dichalcogenide heterojunctions – towards next generation energy technologies
We review recent strides in understanding and manipulating photoinduced charge transfer in heterojunctions between 2D transition metal dichalcogenides and other semiconductors, with implications for a broad array of energy applications.
Molecular insights and concepts to engineer singlet fission energy conversion devices
In this Review, we showcase the fundamental processes of intermolecular and intramolecular singlet fission (SF).
Progress and perspectives on pre-lithiation technologies for lithium ion capacitors
This review summarizes the progress of pre-lithiation technologies involving the fundamental research and practical application of LICs.
Manganese oxide-based heterogeneous electrocatalysts for water oxidation
A review on manganese oxide-based electrocatalysts for the water oxidation reaction.
Designing CO2 reduction electrode materials by morphology and interface engineering
This review discusses how morphology and interface engineering promote electrocatalytic CO2 reduction, providing general design principles to fabricate advanced electrode catalysts.
Applications of atomic layer deposition and chemical vapor deposition for perovskite solar cells
A review on the versatility of atomic layer deposition and chemical vapor deposition for the fabrication of stable and efficient perovskite solar cells.
A review: crystal growth for high-performance all-inorganic perovskite solar cells
The key factors for high-quality all-inorganic perovskite crystal growth.
Flexible metal–gas batteries: a potential option for next-generation power accessories for wearable electronics
An overview of the recent technical advances and major dilemmas facing currently available flexible metal–gas batteries for use in wearable electronics is presented.
From metal–organic frameworks to single/dual-atom and cluster metal catalysts for energy applications
Single/dual-atom and cluster metal catalysts have emerged as a new frontier in catalysis. This review highlights recent advances and provides a state-of-the-art understanding of MOF-based synthesis strategies and their prospective applications.
Molecular engineering strategies for fabricating efficient porphyrin-based dye-sensitized solar cells
In this review, intra- and intermolecular engineering strategies for improving the efficiencies of porphyrin based dye-sensitized solar cells are briefly summarized, revealing the in-depth structure–photovoltaic performance correlations.
Atomic-scale engineering of chemical-vapor-deposition-grown 2D transition metal dichalcogenides for electrocatalysis
Focusing on the atomic-scale engineering of CVD grown 2D TMDs, we discuss the six engineering strategies to tailor the electronic structure, conductivity and electrocatalytic properties in detail. Finally, challenges and perspectives are addressed.
Understanding the sodium storage mechanisms of organic electrodes in sodium ion batteries: issues and solutions
Organic materials offer a new opportunity to develop high-performance, low-cost, environmentally benign sodium ion batteries. This review provides insights into the different sodium storage mechanisms in various categories of organic materials.
The role of oxygen vacancies of ABO3 perovskite oxides in the oxygen reduction reaction
The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is one of the most important electrochemical reactions in energy conversion and storage technologies, such as fuel cells and metal–air batteries.
The role of carbon-based materials in enhancing the stability of perovskite solar cells
Enhancing the stability of perovskite solar cells is crucial to the deployment of this technology. Carbon-based materials are promising candidates for providing long-term stable perovskite solar cells suitable for commercialization.
Transforming energy using quantum dots
Optical energy can be transformed into electricity, photons, and chemical bonds using colloidal quantum dots as the scaffold.
Progress and perspectives on halide lithium conductors for all-solid-state lithium batteries
This review focuses on fundamental understanding, various synthesis routes, chemical/electrochemical stability of halide-based lithium superionic conductors, and their potential applications in energy storage as well as related challenges.
Graphdiyne for crucial gas involved catalytic reactions in energy conversion applications
This review summarizes the recent progress of GDY based catalysts for key gas involved reactions in energy conversion.
Advances in two-dimensional organic–inorganic hybrid perovskites
Recent achievements of 2D perovskites for various optoelectronic applications along with their basic properties and future opportunities are discussed.
Surface/interface nanoengineering for rechargeable Zn–air batteries
Surface/interface nanoengineering of electrocatalysts and air electrodes will promote the rapid development of high-performance rechargeable Zn–air batteries.
Structure-related electrochemical performance of organosulfur compounds for lithium–sulfur batteries
This review proposes a deep insight into the mutual interactions among structures, synthesis, and electrochemical performance and mechanisms of organosulfur compounds in lithium–sulfur batteries.
Transition metal dichalcogenides for alkali metal ion batteries: engineering strategies at the atomic level
This review provides enriched information for understanding the charge storage mechanisms of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), as well as the importance of intrinsic structure engineering for enhancing the performance of TMDs in energy storage.
The impact of intelligent cyber-physical systems on the decarbonization of energy
Assessing the impact of digital technologies and artificial intelligence, so-called intelligent cyber-physical systems, on emission reduction in the critical sector of energy provision.
Recent progress in flexible–wearable solar cells for self-powered electronic devices
Photovoltaic devices have become ideal alternatives instead of common energy sources owing to their superior mechanical robustness and excellent power conversion efficiency that can be used for supplying wearable electronic devices.
Harnessing hierarchical architectures to trap light for efficient photoelectrochemical cells
Functional substructures towards artificial light trapping hierarchies inspired by the natural photosynthesis system.
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