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Themed collection Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation

27 items
Editorial

Fundamentals of nanocrystal formation

Welcome to this CrystEngComm themed issue entitled “Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation”.

Graphical abstract: Fundamentals of nanocrystal formation
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Open Access Highlight

Fundamental growth principles of colloidal metal nanoparticles – a new perspective

In the past few decades, much effort was put into the development of synthetic strategies to produce nanoparticles of different sizes and morphologies and a large number of scientific contributions are dedicated to the characterization and application of metal nanoparticles.

Graphical abstract: Fundamental growth principles of colloidal metal nanoparticles – a new perspective
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Highlight

Nanostructure formation via post growth of particles

Post growth of nanoparticles enables new nanostructure formation and blurs the boundary between crystals and molecules.

Graphical abstract: Nanostructure formation via post growth of particles
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Highlight

Rational design of one-dimensional vanadium(V) oxide nanocrystals: an insight into the physico-chemical parameters controlling the crystal structure, morphology and size of particles

This highlight deals with the recent advances on the synthesis in aqueous solution of one-dimensional vanadium(V) oxide nanocrystals.

Graphical abstract: Rational design of one-dimensional vanadium(v) oxide nanocrystals: an insight into the physico-chemical parameters controlling the crystal structure, morphology and size of particles
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Open Access Communication

Synergy of Mg2+ and poly(aspartic acid) in additive-controlled calcium carbonate precipitation

Distinct synergistic effects of poly(aspartic acid) and magnesium ions found during CaCO3 precipitation are important for biomineralisation and antiscaling strategies.

Graphical abstract: Synergy of Mg2+ and poly(aspartic acid) in additive-controlled calcium carbonate precipitation
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Open Access Communication

Molecular simulation of oligo-glutamates in a calcium-rich aqueous solution: insights into peptide-induced polymorph selection

Advanced simulation methods show how glutamate oligomers prestructure Ca ions and induce structural motifs in correspondence with calciumoxalate pseudopolymorphs.

Graphical abstract: Molecular simulation of oligo-glutamates in a calcium-rich aqueous solution: insights into peptide-induced polymorph selection
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Open Access Communication

Pseudomorphic transformation of amorphous calcium carbonate films follows spherulitic growth mechanisms and can give rise to crystal lattice tilting

Tuning the pseudomorphic transformation of calcium carbonate allows for the generation of crystal lattice tilting similar to that found in calcareous biominerals.

Graphical abstract: Pseudomorphic transformation of amorphous calcium carbonate films follows spherulitic growth mechanisms and can give rise to crystal lattice tilting
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Communication

Regiospecific growth of Au on a concave PtZn nanocube forming an Au–PtZn surface mosaic nanocube and an Au–PtZn octapod

Regioselective growth of a heterophase on facet-controlled nanocrystals is an indispensable step towards generation of geometrically well-defined heteronanoarchitectures.

Graphical abstract: Regiospecific growth of Au on a concave PtZn nanocube forming an Au–PtZn surface mosaic nanocube and an Au–PtZn octapod
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Communication

Synthesis of size-controlled PtCu@Ru nanorattles via Pt seed-assisted formation of size-controlled removable Cu template

A facile synthetic strategy has been developed for size-controlled PtCu@Ru nanorattles via co-decomposition of Ru and Cu precursors in the presence of Pt nanoparticles.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of size-controlled PtCu@Ru nanorattles via Pt seed-assisted formation of size-controlled removable Cu template
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Communication

One step synthesis of hierarchical dendritic Pt nanostructures with a concave Pt octahedron building unit via simultaneous vertex growth and facet etching

The one step synthesis of hierarchical dendritic Pt nanostructures with a concave Pt octahedron building unit is demonstrated.

Graphical abstract: One step synthesis of hierarchical dendritic Pt nanostructures with a concave Pt octahedron building unit via simultaneous vertex growth and facet etching
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Communication

One pot synthesis of octahedral {111} CuIr gradient alloy nanocrystals with a Cu-rich core and an Ir-rich surface and their usage as efficient water splitting catalyst

A facile one pot synthetic route has been developed to obtain octahedral CuIr nanocrystals with Ir-rich {111} facets, which show high catalytic activity toward oxygen evolution reaction.

Graphical abstract: One pot synthesis of octahedral {111} CuIr gradient alloy nanocrystals with a Cu-rich core and an Ir-rich surface and their usage as efficient water splitting catalyst
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Open Access Paper

Aluminum zinc oxide nanostructures with customized size and shape by non-aqueous synthesis

Aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) nanocrystals with high crystallinity and tailored morphology ranging between spherical and rod-like were obtained by non-aqueous reaction at moderate temperatures.

Graphical abstract: Aluminum zinc oxide nanostructures with customized size and shape by non-aqueous synthesis
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Paper

Controlling alloy formation and optical properties by galvanic replacement of sub-20 nm silver nanoparticles in organic media

Galvanic replacement is a versatile synthetic strategy for the synthesis of alloy and hollow nanostructures.

Graphical abstract: Controlling alloy formation and optical properties by galvanic replacement of sub-20 nm silver nanoparticles in organic media
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Paper

In situ high temperature X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and theoretical modeling for the formation of WO3 crystallites

The structural transformation of WO3 at high temperatures.

Graphical abstract: In situ high temperature X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and theoretical modeling for the formation of WO3 crystallites
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Open Access Paper

Matching the organic and inorganic counterparts during nucleation and growth of copper-based nanoparticles – in situ spectroscopic studies

Closing the loop: initially, the reactivity of benzyl alcohol determines the nucleation of Cu nanoparticles, but as soon as they start to form they begin to catalyze the condensation of benzyl alcohol to dibenzylether.

Graphical abstract: Matching the organic and inorganic counterparts during nucleation and growth of copper-based nanoparticles – in situ spectroscopic studies
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Paper

A comprehensive study on the mechanism behind formation and depletion of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) phases

High efficiency kesterite based solar cells have vigorously raised the research interests in this material.

Graphical abstract: A comprehensive study on the mechanism behind formation and depletion of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) phases
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Paper

Formation of Rh frame nanorods using Au nanorods as sacrificial templates

Formation of Rh frame nanorods was studied using Au nanorods having high-index facets as sacrificial templates.

Graphical abstract: Formation of Rh frame nanorods using Au nanorods as sacrificial templates
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Open Access Paper

Initial reaction steps during flame synthesis of iron-oxide nanoparticles

Early particle formation in iron pentacarbonyl doped low-pressure flames is observed by complementary experiments and confirmed by detailed numerical simulations.

Graphical abstract: Initial reaction steps during flame synthesis of iron-oxide nanoparticles
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Paper

Calcite nucleation on the surface of PNIPAM–PAAc micelles studied by time resolved in situ PXRD

Nanocrystalline calcite is formed under the influence of block copolymers containing thermoresponsive PNIPAM and a mineralization controlling block of poly(acrylic acid) and the nanocrystal formation kinetics studied by in situ X-ray diffraction.

Graphical abstract: Calcite nucleation on the surface of PNIPAM–PAAc micelles studied by time resolved in situ PXRD
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Paper

Tuning of morphology and polymorphs of carbonate/polymer hybrids using photoreactive polymer templates

Crystallization of inorganic carbonates on photolithographic polymer matrices led to development of inorganic/organic hybrid materials with photo-controlled and self-organized structures.

Graphical abstract: Tuning of morphology and polymorphs of carbonate/polymer hybrids using photoreactive polymer templates
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Paper

In situ total X-ray scattering study of the formation mechanism and structural defects in anatase TiO2 nanoparticles under hydrothermal conditions

The in situ PDF method provides detailed information about the formation and growth mechanisms of TiO2 anatase nanoparticles under hydrothermal conditions.

Graphical abstract: In situ total X-ray scattering study of the formation mechanism and structural defects in anatase TiO2 nanoparticles under hydrothermal conditions
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Paper

Formation mechanism of magnetic–plasmonic Ag@FeCo@Ag core–shell–shell nanoparticles: fact is more interesting than fiction

The formation mechanism of Ag@FeCo@Ag core–shell–shell nanoparticles which are synthesized by the combination of a multi-step hot injection method and a polyol method was investigated by comparing several different derivative NPs such as Ag@FeCo, Ag@Co, Ag@Fe and FeCo NPs.

Graphical abstract: Formation mechanism of magnetic–plasmonic Ag@FeCo@Ag core–shell–shell nanoparticles: fact is more interesting than fiction
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Paper

Complete study of the composition and shape evolution in the synthesis of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) semiconductor nanocrystals

This article describes a complete study of the evolution of composition (from binary to quaternary) and shape (0D–1D) during the synthesis of CZTS nanocrystals.

Graphical abstract: Complete study of the composition and shape evolution in the synthesis of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) semiconductor nanocrystals
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Paper

Molecular modeling of (10[1 with combining macron]0) and (000[1 with combining macron]) zinc oxide surface growth from solution: islands, ridges and growth-controlling additives

Zinc oxide surface growth in ethanolic solution leads to nanoscale islands for (000[1 with combining macron]) faces and ridged growth fronts for (10[1 with combining macron]0) growth. This provides a detailed basis for analysing the selective binding of additives for growth control.

Graphical abstract: Molecular modeling of (10 [[1 with combining macron]] 0) and (000 [[1 with combining macron]] ) zinc oxide surface growth from solution: islands, ridges and growth-controlling additives
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Open Access Paper

Interface-controlled calcium phosphate mineralization: effect of oligo(aspartic acid)-rich interfaces

The phase behavior of an amphiphilic block copolymer based on a poly(aspartic acid) hydrophilic block and a poly(n-butyl acrylate) hydrophobic block was investigated at the air–water and air–buffer interface.

Graphical abstract: Interface-controlled calcium phosphate mineralization: effect of oligo(aspartic acid)-rich interfaces
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Paper

Surfactant-free synthesis of SrTiO3 hierarchical structures in ethanol/water mixed solvent at room temperature

SrTiO3 hierarchical structures can be synthesized in ethanol/water mixed solvent at room temperature without using any structure-directing templates.

Graphical abstract: Surfactant-free synthesis of SrTiO3 hierarchical structures in ethanol/water mixed solvent at room temperature
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
Paper

From oligomers towards a racemic crystal: molecular simulation of DL-norleucine crystal nucleation from solution

We elucidate the evolution of forming nuclei leading towards a racemic molecular crystal by means of computer simulation.

Graphical abstract: From oligomers towards a racemic crystal: molecular simulation of dl-norleucine crystal nucleation from solution
From the themed collection: Fundamentals of Nanocrystal Formation
27 items

About this collection

Guest Edited by Professor Georg Garnweitner (Technische Universität Braunschweig), Dr Denis Gebauer (University of Konstanz) and Professor Markus Niederberger (ETH Zurich), this themed issue focuses on novel insights and fundamental studies on the formation of nanocrystals, including amorphous intermediates, in both liquid and gas phase systems.

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