Applications of XPS to the study of inorganic compounds
The surface behaviour of materials is crucial to our everyday lives. Studies of the corrosive, reactive, optical and electronic properties of surfaces are thus of great importance to a wide range of industries including the chemical and electronics sectors. The surface properties of polymers can also be tuned for use in packaging, non stick coatings or for use in medical applications. Methods to characterise surface composition and reactivity are thus critical to the development of next generation materials. This report will outline the basic principles of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and how it can be applied to analyse the surfaces of inorganic materials. The role of XPS in understanding the nature of the active site in heterogeneous catalysts will also be discussed.