Applications of Synthetic Receptors for Biomolecules
The major classes of synthetic receptors for biomolecules and how they are employed for four different types of practically useful applications—separations, imaging and sensing, catalysis, and pharmaceutical activity—are described. The synthetic receptors are separated into six categories—organic molecules, inorganic molecules, synthetic oligomers, molecular imprinted polymers, dendrimers, and nanoparticles. The chemical and supramolecular attributes of each receptor category are summarized, along with illustrative examples of how the synthetic receptors are utilized for each type of application. There is also discussion of the thermodynamic and kinetic properties that control receptor performance.