Betaine in Context
Betaine, an important nutritional component for humans, has been reviewed in the synopsis. Its chemical structure, synthesis, utilization and physiological significance have been discussed. Due to its ability to donate a methyl group, it plays a pivotal role in numerous pathways, including the methionine cycle. A betaine-deficient diet can disturb several cellular processes. Therefore, betaine supplementation to ameliorate certain pathological conditions has been envisaged.