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CHAPTER 5

Hydrothermal Carbonisation (HTC): History, State-of-the-Art and Chemistry

Hydrothermal carbonisation (denoted as HTC) represents a powerful material synthesis platform to convert biomass/biomass derivatives into sustainable carbonaceous and carbon materials. Using a variety of synthetic protocols, functional carbon materials can be synthesised presenting a wide range of morphologies, pore structures and electronic properties. Carbon-based materials synthesised via the HTC platform have already found a broad range of applications including as solid fuels through to electrode materials in fuel cells, batteries and supercapacitors, as water-purification media, CO2-capture materials, soil additives, and as support materials for a range of catalytic species. In this chapter, overview of the HTC process from its discovery until the present day will be provided, with the latest state-of-the-art work by the leading groups in the area specifically highlighted. The chapter will close with a brief introduction to the underlying chemistry behind the formation mechanisms of this exciting class of functional material.

Publication details


Print publication date
20 Feb 2015
Copyright year
2015
Print ISBN
978-1-84973-832-3
PDF eISBN
978-1-78262-227-7
ePub eISBN
978-1-78262-443-1
From the book series:
Green Chemistry Series