Self-assembled Supramolecular Materials in Organic Electronics
Supramolecular organic electronics rests on the use of bottom-up chemical self-assembly phenomena in order to design conducting components on the 5–100 nm scale. The challenges to take up in this field are both the construction of 1D-nanostructures displaying optimized charge transport properties and their insertion in optoelectronic devices. This chapter describes the supramolecular structures and transport properties of various conducting self-assemblies based on the nature of their molecular constituents. In addition, it describes several processing strategies to engineer and integrate them in (opto)electronic devices such as field effect transistors, light emitting diodes, and organic solar cells. These functional materials open new doors for further fundamental investigations on charge transport phenomena and for technological applications in which bottom-up fabrication processes can overlap with pre-patterned top-down circuitries for improved miniaturization and efficiency.