The Synthesis of Macrocycles for Drug Discovery
Despite the attractive nature of macrocyclic compounds for use in new pharmaceutical discovery, applications have been hindered due to the lack of appropriate synthetic methods, in particular for the construction of libraries of such molecules. However, over the last decade, a number of effective and versatile methodologies suitable for macrocyclic scaffolds have been developed and applied successfully. These include classical coupling and substitution reactions, ring-closing metathesis (RCM), cycloaddition (“click”) chemistry, multicomponent reactions (MCR), numerous organometallic-mediated processes and others. This chapter presents a comprehensive compilation of these strategies and provides examples of their use in drug discovery, along with a description of those approaches that have proven effective for the assembly of macrocyclic libraries suitable for screening.