Respiratory Syncytial Virus Fusion Inhibitors
Infections with the respiratory syncytical virus (RSV) are the leading cause of lower respiratory tract infections and a serious health concern in infants less than 2 years of age, the immunocompromised and the geriatric population. Numerous research programs directed at small‐molecule inhibitors of RSV have been initiated over the last 50 years. RSV inhibitors that target the fusion event have shown a lot of promise and are reviewed in this chapter. However, none of these programs have yet reached the market or late‐stage clinical development. Therefore, focus in this review is given to the challenges in the preclinical development phase and the ideal target product profile. The challenges in clinical development are also discussed, including the use of a new RSV challenge strain (Memphis 37), clinical trial design in immunosupressed patients, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF) and clinical trials in infants.