Omega-3 Oils, Their Food and Non-food Application and Beneficial Health Effects
Omega-3 oils from marine resources, including algal origin, serve as building blocks of organs with electrical activity such as the heart, retina of the eye and the brain. They also provide important benefits related to cardiovascular disease, type-2 diabetes, autoimmune disorders, inflammatory diseases and mental health. Hence their incorporation into food or use as supplement is of paramount importance. Inclusion of omega-3 oils in foods such as bread, cereals, orange juice, milk and other dairy products and nutrition bars may enhance their intake level. However, stability and stabilization of the oils must be considered in order to ensure healthfulness and integrity of products with acceptable sensory characteristics. This overview provides a cursory account of the relevant issues of importance to both manufacturer and consumers.