Bioactive Peptides and Human Health
Peptides released from food proteins are often bioactive and are known to have regulatory and modulatory functions in humans and can be used as nutraceticals and functional food components for promotion of human health and for disease risk reduction. Therefore, interest in identification and characterization of bioactive peptides from plant and animal sources has increased in past decades. Depending on their structural properties, bioactive peptides possess different functionalities, such as antihypertensive, antioxidant, anticancer, hypocholesterolemic, antimicrobial, immunomodulatory, and hence are multifunctional. Based on the most current literature, this review presents a comprehensive account of advances in bioactive peptides and their bioactivities, sources, technological properties, applications, bioavailability and safety issues.