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Hydrogen Production from Biomass Derivatives over Heterogeneous Photocatalysts

The utilisation of clean alternative energy has attracted much attention recently due to the depletion of fossil fuel, the increase in energy demand and growing concern about environmental pollution. Hydrogen is an attractive energy carrier with its potentially higher energy efficiency and pollutant-free emission. However, the present hydrogen fuel cannot truly be regarded as environmentally benign since almost all of it is produced from fossil resources. Hydrogen production from renewable resources and natural energy is necessary for the realisation of a sustainable society. Photocatalytic hydrogen production from water and biomass derivatives such as ethanol, glycerol, sugars and methane is an attractive hydrogen production method as hydrogen can be produced using solar energy and renewable resources. Since the early 1980s, various photocatalytic hydrogen production systems from water and biomass derivatives have been studied for the efficient hydrogen evolution through the development of various kinds of photocatalysts and co-catalysts, modification of these photocatalysts, control of photocatalyst morphology, optimisation of reaction condition, etc. This chapter introduced recent advances in photocatalytic hydrogen production from water and biomass derivatives.

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06 Dec 2013
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From the book series:
Green Chemistry Series