Nanoelectrochemistry in the people’s republic of China
This chapter reviews the main progresses on nanoelectrochemistry made in China during the last decade. It begins with an overview of the financial supports for electrochemistry studies from natural science foundation of China (NSFC), and follows with a survey about the publications and citations of papers contributed by Chinese researchers on nanoelectrochemistry. After a brief introduction of the main academic activities on electrochemistry in China, including the Chinese Society of Electrochemistry (CSE), the national conferences of electrochemistry and the Journal of Electrochemistry (the CSE sponsored journal), the chapter has summarized the major progresses made by Chinese researchers on nanoelectrochemistry in the period from 2001 to 2012, which consist in (1) High surface energy nanomaterials — shape-controlled synthesis and properties; (2) Enhanced optical properties of nanomaterials and applications; (3) Surface nanostructure construction and nanofabrication; (4) Electroanalytical Chemistry and physical electrochemistry based on nanomaterials; and (5) Nanomaterials for electrochemical energy conversion and storage. The chapter is ended with a conclusion and prospective statement about further R&D of nanoelectrochemistry.