Electrochemistry within metal-organic frameworks
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) represent a rapidly growing class of porous materials with immense structural diversity and promise. When applied in electrochemical systems challenges arise in (i) allowing electron transport into the framework to occur, (ii) supporting rapid cation/anion exchange without loss of structural integrity, (iii) enabling catalytic processes to occur in pores, and (iv) providing stable performance. The past decade has witnessed progress in synthesis and functionalisation techniques, but also exploratory efforts into fundamental understanding of pore processes and in theory. This review summarises some of the recent developments and challenges towards future electrochemical applications of metal-organic frameworks.