Legislation for Food Additives Outside Europe
Controls on the use of food additives can vary significantly from country to country and area to area, having the potential to represent a serious issue to manufacturers of food products and importers who need to purchase ingredients from different parts of the world and exporters intending to sell their products in more than one market. Different factors must be taken into consideration in the development of food legislation related to additives, including technological need and safety. The Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC) and its Committees, through the work with the Joint Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)/World Health Organization (WHO) Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) are responsible, at international level, for the evaluation of food additives to ensure they are safe for consumption taking into consideration patterns of consumption of the foods in which additives are used. Therefore, the work of the Codex Alimentarius has a severe impact on the development of food legislation worldwide, together with the work of regional bodies, such as the European Union (EU) bodies. The use of food additives also follows trends led by consumer perception. The aim of this chapter is to assess food additive controls and key aspects of international food law or guidance laid down in several countries/regions and international bodies, namely the Codex Alimentarius, the USA, Canada, Japan and certain Far East countries, the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR), the Middle East and Australia/New Zealand, with the aim of highlighting some of the main differences.