Metal oxide nanoparticles
Metal oxide nanoparticles represent a field of materials chemistry which attracts considerable interest due to the potential technological applications of these compounds. The implications of these materials on fields such as medicine, information technology, catalysis, energy storage and sensing has driven much research in developing synthetic pathways to such nanostructures. In this review, we will consider the inroads made in traditional approaches to metal oxide nanoparticles and the forays into more greener, milder synthetic procedures. Given the intimate link between the synthetic pathway chosen and the final particle structure and morphology, these new routes could allow for the energy efficient preparation of a huge variety of metal oxide nanoparticles whose resulting properties can be exploited for use in a whole range of technologically important areas. We will also provide some examples of state-of-the-art characterisation tools available which are helping us to understand these structure-property-function relationships in metal oxides of such small size dimensions.