Integrated Forest Biorefineries: Gasification and Pyrolysis for Fuel and Power Production
Alternative energy resources are becoming increasingly important because of dwindling petroleum reserves and increasing environmental concerns. As a result, biobased fuels are emerging as an alternative solution. In order to fully utilize biomass resources, a versatile, robust, and cost-effective conversion process needs to be developed. Biomass gasification and fast pyrolysis are promising methods that can be used to transform lignocellulosic biomass into fuels and chemicals. This chapter discusses gasification and fast pyrolysis technologies in detail. Factors that affect gasification and fast pyrolysis processes are discussed. Bio-oil applications and upgrading techniques are also delineated.