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Chapter 14

MRSA-resistant Textiles

Nanotechnology is becoming important for the textile industry because of the unique technical and economic advantages that nanomaterials offer. Traditional methods used to impart different characteristics and functionality to textiles often do not lead to the desired results in an efficient way. Fabrics lose their properties during wearing, washing, dry cleaning and hot pressing. Nanotechnology may overcome these limitations of conventional methods and provide durability of textile functions. Nanoparticles that are applied on to the fabric have both a large surface area-to-volume ratio and high surface energy. Furthermore, nanoparticles that are attached to the fabrics may not significantly affect physical and mechanical properties such as breathability, hand feel, strength, wetting etc. Commercially available antimicrobial finishes are resistant to body fluids and processes of sterilization or disinfection. This last property is particularly important in developing MRSA-resistant textiles. We review works on textiles that offer resistance to MRSA and discuss how antibacterial nanoparticles can provide significant benefits when used in textiles for MRSA resistance in comparison to conventional textiles.

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14 Nov 2011
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