Photosynthetic Light-Harvesting Complexes
The light-harvesting antenna systems found in photosynthetic organisms function to collect light and transfer energy in the photon to a reaction center, where electron transfer gives rise to long-term energy storage. The antenna systems found in different types of photosynthetic organisms adapt the organisms to very different photic environments, and almost certainly have been invented multiple times during evolution. The diverse collection of photosynthetic antenna systems is described in terms of their pigment and protein components and their organization in the photosystem. The Förster theory is described as the physical basis of energy transfer in photosynthetic antennas, although in many systems it is not adequate to describe energy transfer in complexes with closely interacting pigments. Regulatory aspects of antennas are described, including the process of non-photochemical quenching.